Patientologien nyfortolket

Forfattere

Nøgleord:

patientologi, sundhedskapital, Pierre Bourdieu, læge-patient-forholdet, sundhedskommunikation

Resumé

Patientology traditionally signifies the scientific study of the patients through medical sociological and anthropological perspectives. The last decades have witnessed notable changes in the understanding of what it means to be a patient and what role patients play in healthcare processes, with the rise of concepts such as patient-centered care, patient empowerment, and patient participation. This article develops a reconceptualization of patientology, proposes a model hereof, and exemplifies its use through the application to an illustrative case.

Our reconceptualization of patientology considers the patient as the central actor in a network of healthcare actors. Being a patient requires health capital that is comprised of health-relevant aspects of Bourdieusian forms of capitals: economic, social, and cultural capital. The patient role is constructed through the patient’s interaction with a range of healthcare actors such as health professionals, relatives, and other patients. The proposed model allows for understanding health inequalities as based on differences in (cultural) health capital, opening up new avenues of investigating and ameliorating patients’ challenges in health interactions. The model allows for a fresh take on the reciprocity of Parsons social sick role, allowing to clarify both how patients can contribute to their own health and healthcare and where and how health professionals ought to meet their patients.

 

Forfatterbiografier

Anna Schneider-Kamp, Syddansk Universitet

Adjunkt i Sundhed og Forbrug ved Institut for Marketing og Management, Syddansk Universitet. Hun forsker i nye patientroller, patientinddragelse samt hvordan digitaliseringen påvirker praksisformer i sundhedsfeltet.

Helle Lykke Nielsen, Syddansk Universitet

Helle Lykke Nielsen, lektor med særlige kvalifikationer ved Institut for Historie, Syddansk Universitet. Hun forsker bl.a. i udsatte boligområder, muslimer i Danmark, brug af arabisk i byens rum samt død og begravelse i islam.

Jytte Isaksen, Syddansk Universitet

Jytte Isaksen, lektor ved Institut for Sprog og Kommunikation, Syddansk Universitet. Hun har en baggrund som audiologopæd og forsker i sprog- og talevanskeligheder hos personer med erhvervet hjerneskade samt sundhedsprofessionelles kommunikation med denne patientgruppe.

Klaus Geyer, Syddansk Universitet

Klaus Geyer, lektor ved Institut for Sprog og Kommunikation, Syddansk Universitet. Han forsker i lingvistik og hvordan sprog påvirker samfundet.

Johanna Lindell, Indvandrermedicinsk Klinik, Odense Universitetshospital

Johanna Lindell, ph.d. i sprogpsykologi og ansat som postdoc ved Indvandrermedicinsk Klinik, Odense Universitetshospital. Hun forsker i samtalens betydning for forståelse og intersubjektivitet og undersøger læger og patienters forhandlinger og samtaler. 

Morten Sodemann, Syddansk Universitet

Morten Sodemann, professor i Global sundhed og Indvandrermedicin ved Klinisk Institut, Syddansk Universitet, og overlæge ved Indvandrermedicinsk Klinik, Odense Universitetshospital. Han er derudover næstformand i Dansk Selskab for Indvandrersundhed.

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Publiceret

2021-06-27

Citation/Eksport

Schneider-Kamp, A., Nielsen, H. L., Isaksen, J., Geyer, K., Lindell, J., & Sodemann, M. (2021). Patientologien nyfortolket. K&Amp;K - Kultur Og Klasse, 49(131), 131–154. Hentet fra https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/127628

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