https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/issue/feed K&K - Kultur og Klasse 2021-12-31T11:40:19+01:00 Jonas Ross Kjærgård litjrk@cc.au.dk Open Journal Systems https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130044 Det sentimentale 2021-12-30T00:24:04+01:00 Jonas Ross Kjærgård litjrk@cc.au.dk Devika Sharma sharma@hum.ku.dk Tue Andersen Nexø tan@hum.ku.dk 2022-01-03T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130045 Om Lauren Berlants ”Stakkels Eliza” 2021-12-30T00:42:59+01:00 Redaktionen K&K redaktion@kulturogklasse.dk <p>Introduktion til Lauren Berlants artikel, "Stakkels Eliza"</p> 2022-01-03T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130047 Stakkels Eliza 2021-12-30T00:56:03+01:00 Lauren Berlant redaktion@kulturogklasse.dk Peter Borum rkl656@hum.ku.dk <p>Rodgers og Hammersteins Kongen og jeg er et sjældent eksempel på et stykke klassisk americana, som ikke udspiller sig i Amerika. Den overdådige musical foregår, atypisk nok for samtiden (1949), under en krise i forholdet mellem Det britiske Imperium og Siam, der involverer en række forskellige militære og økonomiske intriger, men koncentrerer sig om en kulturalistisk politik. Fra åbningen med Anna Leonowens’ ankomst til Siam minder stykket om, at Storbritannien har eksporteret en civilisatorisk pædagogik som en del af sin imperiebygningsstrategi: Leonowens bliver importeret, så hun kan ”bringe det gode i vestlig kultur til Siam” (Rodgers og Hammerstein 379). Hendes læresætninger omfatter respekt for ”videnskaben” og for anti-despotismen i både den politiske sfære og i paladsets.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130050 Romanens sølvnitrat 2021-12-30T22:38:13+01:00 Simona Zetterberg-Nielsen norsz@cc.au.dk <p>This article explores the possibility of sentimentality in the Danish Enlightenment by investigating the Danish novels of the late eighteenth century. In Denmark, it was not until the 1780s that marriage, upbringing and relationships of love became the focus of the novel. By that time, the European current of sentimentalism had already turned to anti-sentimentalism. Therefore, the Danish novels never embraced the sentimental tendency, but instead discussed well-renowned sentimental novels in order to articulate a morality directed by reason. The article elucidates how Charlotta Dorothea Biehl’s collection <em>Moralske fortællinger</em> [Moral Tales] (1781-1782) and her epistolary novel <em>Brevvexling imellem fortrolige Venner</em> [Epistolary Correspondence between Intimate Friends] (1774), Knud Lyne Rahbek’s novels <em>Hanna von Ostheim eller den kierlige Kone</em> [Hanna von Ostheim and the loving wife] (1790) and <em>Eulalia Meinau</em> (1798, 1806) and Charlotte Baden’s <em>Den fortsatte Grandison</em> [The Continued Grandison ] (1782) discuss some of the most famous sentimental novels of the time: Wolfgang Goethe’s <em>Die Leiden des jungen Werthers</em> (1774), Martin Miller’s <em>Siegwart, eine Klostergeschichte</em> (1776), Rousseau’s <em>Emile</em> and Samuel Richardson’s <em>The History of Sir Charles Grandison</em> (1753). Biehl, Rahbek and Baden used the internationally famous novels as discussion partners, material for parody and as points for continuation, with the aim of warning against sentimentality and promoting a reading practice that facilitated reason and a virtuous living. Finally, the article suggests that the eighteenth century current of anti-sentimentalism in Denmark might have survived into the next century.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130051 Violette Leduc og Tove Ditlevsens sentimentale scener 2021-12-30T22:52:45+01:00 Sherilyn Nicolette Hellberg redaktion@kulturogklasse.dk <p>This article considers the place of sentimentality in the reception and authorships of Violette Leduc (1907-1972) and Tove Ditlevsen (1917-1976). I take as point of departure the recent revival of both these authors in their original languages and in translation, in which they, even from feminist perspectives, seem to be evaluated in terms of their capacity for emotional restraint. Through close readings of Ditlevsen’s <em>Ansigterne</em> (<em>The Faces</em>, 1968) and <em>Gift</em> (<em>Dependency</em>, 1971) and Leduc’s <em>Thérèse et Isabelle</em> (1966), <em>La bâtarde</em> (1964) and <em>Ravages</em> (1955), I argue that both authors thematize the relationship between affect and aesthetics in ways which speak not only to the gendered contexts of their respective societies and cultural establishments, but also to contemporary efforts of feminist canon revision within literary studies and popular culture. I am particularly interested in the ways in which the relationship between words, form and feeling is dealt with across these authorships, and suggest that focusing on the authorship – in addition to the work and instead of the author – might open a kind of stage on which we might better understand how these texts render and relate to their various ”anxieties about audience” (Berlant, ”The Female Complaint” 238). The article contributes to existing scholarship on Ditlevsen and Leduc and develops new methods for addressing the relationship between gender and affect in literary criticism and in the ongoing production of literary history.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130052 Blød modernisme 2021-12-30T23:00:30+01:00 Heidi Laura frk.lauralaura@yahoo.com <p>A significant body of mid-century design has remained relatively unstudied and underrepresented in museum collections due to its figurative and emotional decorations. These designs clashed with the reigning conception of modern style as rational, honest, streamlined and masculine, yet also represent a clearly modern approach to decoration, designed to complement the modern home. A range of mainly Scandinavian designs and designers are discussed in the article. Long neglected for their alleged aesthetic audacity, these works offer insight into the hunger for soothing emotional objects in the post-war era and may best be decoded as “cute” objects provoking ambivalent responses.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130053 Skandimentalitet 2021-12-30T23:08:03+01:00 Devika Sharma sharma@hum.ku.dk <p>Looking to Swedish director Ruben Östlund’s 2017 movie <em>The Square</em>, this article describes the ways in which Scandinavian privilege sensibility makes itself known as a tense reflection on, or struggle over, the value of moral sentiments such as sympathy, compassion, solicitude, and pity. In contemporary Scandinavian culture, it has become an affective habit, I suggest, to be suspicious of the moral sentiments, which will therefore typically be regarded and experienced as morally embarrassing states of feeling. Thus, the moral sentiments are always in risk of becoming signs of something immoral in the feeling subject, whether an individual or a collective subject. Privilege sensibility indicates to us something important about the ways in which we respond to inequality and to our own position in unequal social fields of relation, and central to this sensibility is, I argue, a structure of feeling according to which noble emotions may turn ugly, while conventionally ugly feelings may, conversely, turn beneficial and legitimate. ”Scandimentality” will be my name for this structure of feeling and its aesthetic forms.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130054 Fra sentimental magtesløshed til kolonial rædsel 2021-12-30T23:15:48+01:00 Stephanie Montesinos Volder stephanievolder@cc.au.dk <p>The article explores the use of sentimental and Gothic emotionality in William Earle’s epistolary novel <em>Obi or, The History of Three-Fingered Jack</em> (1800). Literature about colonial slavery challenges previous notions of the relationship between the sentimental and the Gothic as literary traditions and modes of writing. The sentimental narrative often involves morally edifying tears and compassionate attempts to alleviate the suffering of others. In <em>Obi</em>’s Gothic passages, however, extreme sensitivity proves powerless or downright dangerous as tears and prayers for mercy overwhelm the senses of the sympathetic protagonists. In Earle’s literary representation of slavery and slave revolt, the Gothic mode demonizes the slave trade and highlights the breakdown of sentimental benevolence and its theatrical codes of emotional display. Thus, Earle’s novel complicates Lynn Festa’s reading of sentimental sympathy and pity as feelings that construct hierarchical relations of empire. In <em>Obi</em>, sentimental emotionality does not support racial inequality but is insufficient, nonetheless, as a model for useful social action.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130055 Den prøvede familie 2021-12-30T23:22:38+01:00 Jonas Ross Kjærgård litjrk@cc.au.dk <p>The troubled family, this article claims, is a recurring topos in the fictions of the Haitian Revolution. Most often, this topos is distinctively sentimental, designed to affect readers emotionally, and authors use the family in trouble as an emotionally charged political microcosm capable of negotiating the limits and rules of social inclusion and exclusion. In this article, Olympe de Gouges’ play <em>L’esclavage des noirs</em> (1792), published just months after news of the Haitian revolution reached France, is read alongside Émeric Bergeud’s <em>Stella</em> (1859), often heralded as the first Haitian novel. While Gouges’ play exemplifies the sentimentalism that characterized much French abolitionist thought (Festa, Dobie), the analysis also emphasizes the inegalitarian subject-object relation between the empathetic Frenchmen and the enslaved colonial workers. Writing from the Caribbean, Bergeaud deselects the standard tropes and stylistic elements favored by Gouges and other sentimental European abolitionists. In his attempt to write a foundational national novel, however, he too invokes the topos of the troubled family.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130056 Riis, sentimentalitet og byreform 2021-12-30T23:28:12+01:00 Christa Holm Vogelius vogelius@hum.ku.dk <p>This paper examines the work of Danish-American photojournalist Jacob Riis through the lens of sentimentality and racial ethics. While Riis’s use of sentimental appeals is often overlooked or dismissed as insignificant by modern critics, these tactics reveal essential aspects of his racial and national reform project. Riis, I argue, is heir to mid-nineteenth century theories of racial evolution that blended Lamarckism and Darwinism, figuring personal and racial transformation as a process that could take place through environmental influence; such pre-eugenic theories were a subtext in a range of sentimental literature, including notably mid-nineteenth century to early twentieth century writing and reform efforts in Manhattan’s tenement districts. Riis’s reflections on the Lower East Side in landmark works such as <em>How the Other Half Lives</em> (1890) and <em>The Children of the Poor</em> (1892) are deeply inflected by the conventions of sentimentality, and his writing, like other reform work of the time, frames children as uniquely susceptible to the positive or negative effects of environment, an understanding that shapes his view of the developing American nation.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130057 Kritisk teori uden krise 2021-12-30T23:42:59+01:00 Mikkel Bolt mras@hum.ku.dk <p>Anmeldelse af Henrik Kaare Nielsen:&nbsp;I affekt. Studier i senmoderne politik og kultur,&nbsp;Aarhus Universitetsforlag, Aarhus, 2021.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130058 Kritik i krise 2021-12-30T23:47:13+01:00 Henrik Kaare Nielsen henrik.kaare@cc.au.dk 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130059 Forhandlingen af sårbarhed i skandinaviske film af kvinder 2021-12-30T23:50:45+01:00 Camilla Møhring Reestorff norcmr@cc.au.dk <p>Anmeldelse af Adriana Margareta Dancus. Exposing Vulnerability: Self-mediating in Scandinavian Films by Women. Intellect, 2019.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/130060 En stridsøkse i gale hænder 2021-12-30T23:55:09+01:00 Nielse Wilde filnwl@cas.au.dk <p>Anmeldelse af&nbsp;Benjamin Boysen. Digtningen og filosofien hos Platon. 2019.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse)