K&K - Kultur og Klasse https://tidsskrift.dk/kok <div id="focusAndScope"> <h3>Fokus og område</h3> <p><em>K&amp;K – Kultur og Klasse</em> er et humanistisk, fagfællebedømt forskningstidsskrift. Tidsskriftet bringer artikler om aktuelle teoretiske og analytiske problemstillinger indenfor alle områder af humaniora: Litteratur, billedkunst, teater, film, musik, medier og kulturstudier.</p> <p>De fleste numre af <em>K&amp;K </em>er tilrettelagt som temanumre, gerne med fokus på aktuelle tvær- og kulturfaglige emner af kultur- eller kønspolitisk relevans. Temanumre annonceres som åbne kald og redigeres af den faste redaktion, evt. i samarbejde med specialister indenfor det pågældende område.</p> <p><em>K&amp;K </em>modtager også gerne uopfordrede artikler udenfor tema. Endvidere indeholder det en kritisk anmeldersektion om væsentlige nordiske bogudgivelser inden for de nævnte områder.</p> <p>Artikler kan skrives på dansk, svensk eller norsk. <em>K&amp;K </em>bringer desuden vægtige internationale artikler eller boguddrag i nordisk oversættelse med henblik på at berige den nordiske akademiske kultur.</p> <p>Redaktionen er sammensat af førende forskere fra de nordiske lande.</p> <p> </p> <h3>Tidsskriftshistorik</h3> <p>Tidsskriftet <em>K&amp;K – Kultur og Klasse </em>er et af Danmarks ældste humanistiske forskningstidsskrifter. Det har eksisteret siden 1967 og udkom de første år under navnet <em>Poetik. Tidsskrift for æstetik og litteraturvidenskab. </em> Ved lanceringen i 1967 blev der lagt vægt på, at tidsskriftet ikke var for ”intellektuelle tandlæger”, men at det både skulle have en kritisk dagsorden <em>og</em> skulle formidle ny international forskning. Siden lanceringen har forskning og kritik gået hånd i hånd. Fra og med nummer 29, 1974 skiftede tidsskriftet navn til <em>Kultur &amp; Klasse</em>, og fra dobbeltnummeret 65/66, 1989 til akronymet <em>K&amp;K –</em> en titel, tidsskriftet har beholdt og som også i dag viser tidsskriftets interesse i emner med samfundsmæssig relevans. Tidsskriftet har desuden bevaret en international og tværfaglig, forskningsorienteret profil og lægger vægt på at lancere og formidle nye videnskabelige tendenser inden for kulturforskningen.</p> <p>I mange år udkom tidsskriftet på Forlaget Medusa. Fra 2010 – 2013 udkom K&amp;K på Aarhus Universitetsforlag. Siden 2014 er tidsskriftet hovedsageligt udkommet elektronisk.</p> </div> The Editorial Board da-DK K&K - Kultur og Klasse 0905-6998 <p>Tidsskriftet følger dansk ophavsret.</p> Queerteoretiske potentialer og dissonanser https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143207 Niels Nyegaard Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 1 30 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143207 Biedermeierkulturens beskidte bagside https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143208 <p>This article explores the themes of mud, marsh, and dirt in three fairy tales by Hans Christian Andersen: ”Clumsy-Hans,” ”The Swineherd,” and ”The Marsh King’s Daughter” from the perspective of queer theory. Following Michel Foucault’s reinterpretation of the Victorian Age as one characterized not mainly by repression but rather by production, proliferation, and multiplication of sexuality, I view Andersen’s texts as complex and ambivalent negotiations of desire and sexuality, purity and danger. The idyllic and harmonious surfaces reveal complex fantasies of both a sexual and scatological nature if, as a reader, one is willing to get one’s hands and mind dirty. The famous tale of ”Clumsy Hans” is seen as a celebration of a noble Son of Nature who literally knows his shit and is willing and able to manipulate it to his advantage. ”The Swineherd” is a misogynous story about a ”dirty” princess and about a prince who realizes that he is above both the dirt and the woman. The complex tale of ”The Marsh King’s Daughter” is an exploration of both incestuous and reproductive sexualities (both associated with marsh and mud) suggesting a higher, celestial escape from both forms. In a Foucauldian reading, Andersen’s texts can be seen as typically Victorian, in so far that the significance of sexuality is highlighted, but, except for ”Clumsy Hans”, they are also endeavors to imagine different ways to transcend the materiality – and the implied dangers and ”impurity” – of sex.</p> Dag Heede Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 31 54 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143208 ”Sin fars rareste patent” https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143209 <p>This article analyzes Lars Saabye Christensen’s novel <em>Maskeblomstfamilien</em> (2003) with a particular focus on uncovering how the novel portrays and addresses the shame and stigma associated with deviating from established gender norms. Drawing on Judith Butler’s works <em>Gender Trouble</em> and <em>Bodies That Matter</em>, the article investigates the social regulation that the novel’s protagonist undergoes in 1960s Norway within the framework of the heterosexual matrix. While Butler’s theoretical texts do not provide extensive descriptions of how the regulation of the heterosexual matrix operates in practice and how it feels to be subjected to it, an analysis of <em>Maske­blomstfamilien</em> offers a more comprehensive understanding of how these regulations function in relation to the allocation of shame, acts of violence and hatred, institutional violence, and social exposure. Concurrently, the novel highlights the protagonist’s resistance to these regulations through strategies such as hyperbolic misquotation.</p> Rikke Andersen Kraglund Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 55 80 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143209 De fyrstefødte og fyrsteløse https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143210 <p>With a deconstructive method and theoretical starting point in Raewyn Connell’s theory of masculinity as well as various queer theoretical perspectives, this article examines the gender-critical potential of Cecilie Eken’s science-fiction trilogy for children <em>The Karana Galaxy</em> (2018-2019). The thematic interpretation points to an unraveling of conventional gender perceptions in which diversity triumphs over conformity. But does the text indeed break with heteronormative assumptions, or are the descriptions of gender and sexuality (or the lack thereof) more like a modified version of gender binarism? The analysis shows that <em>The Karana Galaxy</em> both transcends and respects the logics of the heterosexual matrix. At the surface level of the text, the genders in the galaxy are defined by compulsory heterosexuality. At the same time, the text’s depiction of female masculinity breaks with these logics. Thus, the text can be interpreted as a homoerotic love relationship between a man and a masculine woman. However, the text’s bid to portray alternative forms of gender identities seems to contradict such a reading. Overall, the article therefore concludes that although the conventional understanding of masculinity and femininity is modified in <em>The Karana Galaxy</em>, the text’s constructions of gender and sexuality are still shaped by binary logics.</p> Rikke Ulvedahl Carlsen Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 81 104 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143210 ”En kold og bitter affære” https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143211 <p>In this article, I analyze and discuss the potentials of what I call negative intimacies in Tomas Lagermand Lundme’s debut novel <em>Forhud</em> (1998) through the lens of antisocial queer theory. Through Berlant’s concept of intimacy as inherently threatened by an internal failure, I identify three types of negative intimacies in the novel: 1) Incestuous intimacy, in which the narrator denies the incest taboo and the Oedipus complex as foundation of heteronormative sociality through a perversion of the father figure. 2) Masochistic intimacy, in which the symbolic function of the father as authority is negated through contractual submission. And, lastly, 3) impersonal intimacy, which I argue is the overall mode of intimacy that the novel explores both in its content and as a gesture toward its reader. Impersonal intimacy offers an ethical alternative to heteronormative identity- and relation-based intimacy. In the impersonal intimacy I find what Tim Dean has called an ”ethics of alterity,” that is, a radical openness to otherness. In <em>Forhud</em> only strangers can be lovers, which is precisely the queer potential of the novel. I argue that these queer intimacies do not lend themselves to any kind of positive representation of queerness, but rather a negative critique of heteronormative sexuality. Though <em>Forhud</em> does not express any optimistic hope for queerness, it nevertheless stresses the pleasure of being intimate with the stranger.</p> Anton Juul Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 105 128 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143211 At queere den barnfri nonne https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143212 <p>The nun is a figure who, due to her radical otherness, has been subjected to various and very contradictory cultural projections throughout history. She has been interpreted as an activist and a feminist ideal, but also as an oppressed or perverted female figure. In contemporary Western culture, she is everywhere. Through readings of the works <em>Matrix</em> (2021) by Lauren Groff and <em>Hildegard</em> (2009) by Anne Lise Marstrand-Jørgensen, the article explores how queer theory, and in particular Elizabeth Freeman’s concept of the temporal drag and Jack Halberstam’s concept of female masculinity, can help us understand and release the subversive potential of the nun in our contemporary moment. The article focuses on how queer reinterpretations of medieval nun figures offer new (re)interpretations of gender and kinship. The article argues that Groff’s and Marstrand-Jørgensen’s historical nun figures, by virtue of their role as temporal drags, revoke heteronormative gender dualism, primarily by depicting medieval nuns as women who embody what we have identified as both feminine and masculine gender characteristics throughout Western culture. The article further argues that the queerness of the nuns consists in their avoidance of procreation and motherhood, and thus in the reproduction of heteronormative marriage, and that their performance of child freedom potentially enables other forms of temporality and other ways of forming kinship.</p> Camilla Schwartz Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 129 152 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143212 Patologisering af non-reproduktive seksuelle praksisser aktuelt og historisk https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143213 <p>The article provides a critical commentary on the fifth edition of the <em>Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders</em>, <em>DSM-V</em>, from 2013. It traces the historical reasons behind the fact that sexual preferences are included as mental disorders in the psychiatric manual, even if many of them are empirically neither generally associated with impairment or harmful to anyone else. This holds true for fetishism, masochism and consensual sadism among others, and the article pays special attention “sadism” and “masochism, which as “clinical” terms are constituted from the names of literary authors. Second it close reads the descriptions in <em>DSM-V</em> to show that there are several reasons why these descriptions become pathologizing and stigmatizing despite explicit intentions to be the opposite. These include erosions of the distinction between paraphilia and paraphilic disorder – a distinction on which the very possibility of diagnosis is established. Furthermore, the handbook does not make the non-consensual, the impairing or the harmful, the over-riding principle but instead the sexual preference in and of itself. The article shows how deeply affected the conceptions of the real-world preferences are by the events and characters in the fiction of these authors, and how hierarchical disparity and power exchange are typically more central to the preferences than pain with which they have been so closely linked.</p> Henrik Zetterberg-Nielsen Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 153 176 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143213 Nationalt monogami og queer tilknytninger https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143214 <p>Through the queer theoretical concepts of heteronormativity and compulsive monogamy, this article examines the notion of attachment in Danish family reunification law. From 2000 until today Danish migration law has been dominated by the understanding that applicants must prove a strong and unique connection to Denmark. The article argues for reading the attachment requirement in its changing forms in the context of shifting moral panics regarding perceived ethnic minority marriage traditions, as well as the notion of the citizen’s exclusive national orientation. Examples from family reunification legislation indicate that this legislation has been less interested in determining whether the parties in the migrating family desire each other. Rather, they must demonstrate to desire Denmark. The article suggests that the notion of national allegiance draws on historical discourses that link marriage forms and nation-formation to each other. These historical tropes can be seen as co-constructing the idea of non-Western immigrants’ and descendants’ family forms as queer disruptions of a monogamous national attachment.</p> Mons Bissenbakker Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 177 198 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143214 At sætte kønnet på begreb https://tidsskrift.dk/kok/article/view/143215 <p>Anmeldelse af</p> <p>Judith Butler:<br><em>Kroppe af betydning</em></p> <p>Klim, Aarhus, 2023. Oversat af Peter Borum</p> Anna Cornelia Ploug Copyright (c) 2024 Forfatterne og tidsskrift (K&K - Kultur og Klasse) 2024-01-30 2024-01-30 51 136 199 204 10.7146/kok.v51i136.143215