Europas plantage? Afrikas plats i EU:s historia

  • Peo Hansen Professor i statsvetenskap, Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle, REMESO, Linköpings Universitet
  • Stefan Jonsson Professor i etnicitet, Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle, REMESO, Linköpings Universitet
Nøgleord: Pan-European organization, Eurafrica, European integration, EEC/EU, Rome Treaty negotiations, Africa, colonialism, decolonisation, geopolitics, postcoloniality

Resumé

This essay describes the history of the Eurafrican project as it evolved from the Pan-European movement in the 1920s to its institutionalization in the European Economic Community (i.e. today’s EU) in the late 1950s. By way of conclusion, the article also discusses how this history affects current relations between Africa and the EU. As shown in the article practically all of the visions, movements and concrete institutional arrangements working towards European integration during this period placed Africa’s incorporation into the European enterprise as a central objective. European integration, it is argued, was thus inextricably bound up with a Eurafrican project. According to the geopolitical discourse on Eurafrica that became politically operative in the aftermath of World War II, a future European community presupposed the transformation of the strictly national colonial projects into a joint European colonization of Africa. Indeed, there is strong evidence to support that these ideas were instrumental in the actual, diplomatic and political constitution of the EU, or of Europe as a political subject. As the article shows, the history of Eurafrica, which is largely ignored in scholarship on the EU as well as in colonial studies, cannot be understood within a “continentalist” framework, but prompts a reconceptualization of the historical relation Africa and Europe.

Forfatterbiografier

Peo Hansen, Professor i statsvetenskap, Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle, REMESO, Linköpings Universitet
Peo Hansen är professor i statsvetenskap vid Linköpings Universitet och verksam vid Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle, REMESO. Hans forskning fokuserar på EU:s historiska och samtida utveckling, med betoning på frågor om migration, politisk ekonomi och geopolitik. Han har skrivit The Politics of European Citizenship (Berghahn Books, 2011; samförfattad med Sandy Hager). Nyligen gav han tillsammans med Stefan Jonsson ut Eurafrica: The Untold History of European Integration and Colonialism (Bloomsbury, 2014).
Stefan Jonsson, Professor i etnicitet, Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle, REMESO, Linköpings Universitet
Stefan Jonsson är professor vid Institutet för forskning om migration, etnicitet och samhälle, REMESO, Linköpings Universitet. Han har skrivit om europeisk modernism och modernitet och om sambanden mellan politik och estetik utifrån marxistiska och postkoloniala perspektiv. Hans senaste böcker är A Brief History of the Masses 2008 och Crowds and Democracy 2013 (båda på Columbia UP) samt Eurafrica: The Untold History of European Integration and Colonialism 2014, skriven tillsammans med Peo Hansen. Han är också verksam som kritiker i Dagens Nyheter.

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Publiceret
2015-09-29
Citation/Eksport
Hansen, P., & Jonsson, S. (2015). Europas plantage? Afrikas plats i EU:s historia. K&K - Kultur Og Klasse, 43(119), 55-74. https://doi.org/10.7146/kok.v43i119.22245