Sites and sights of tension: cultural memory of gender and colonial power in East Asia*
Taking the sculpture entitled Statue of Peace (2011) by South Korean artists Kim Seo-kyung and Kim Eun-sung as a focus point, the article explores issues of gender and colonial power in the East Asian region related to the cultural memory of “comfort women” of Korean origin. Analyses of the sculpture and its context show how geographical locations and visual representation are related to atrocities and colonial violence. It shows how the sculpture becomes both a weapon and object of violence in global solidarity.
Abraham, Christiana. (2021) Toppled Monuments and Black Lives Matter: Race, Gender, and Decolonization in the Public Space. An Interview with Charmaine A. Nelson. Atlantis: Critical Studies in Gender, Culture & Social Justice 42(1), pp. 1-17.
Asia-Pacific Journal Feature, 2015. Fact Sheet on Japanese Military ‘Comfort Women.’ Asia-Pacific Journal, 13 (2), pp. 1-4.
BBC World Service, 2017. Country Rating Poll 2017. Available at https://web.archive.org/web/20170730112140/http://www.globescan.com/images/images/pressreleases/bbc2017_country_ratings/BBC2017_Country_Ratings_Poll.pdf [Accessed 21 November 2022].
Bellentani, Federico, and Mario Panico, 2016. The meanings of monuments and memorials: toward a semiotic approach. Punctum 2 (1), pp. 28-46.
Ching, Leo T.S., 2019. Anti-Japan: The Politics of Sentiment in Postcolonial East Asia. Durham: Duke University Press.
Feller, Stephen, 2017. Japan recalls diplomats, halts talks with South Korea over ‘comfort women’ statue. UPI. Available at https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2017/01/06/Japan-recalls-diplomats-halts-talks-with-South-Korea-over-comfort-women-statue/7071483684424/ [Accessed 16 June 2022].
Gluck, Carol, 2019. Memory in Hypernationalist Times: The Comfort Women as Traveling Trope. global-e journal 12, 17. Available at https://globalejournal.org/global-e/may-2019/memory-hypernationalist-times-comfort-women-traveling-trope [Accessed 16 June 2022].
Kingston, Jeff, 2018. Japan’s prime minister could solve the comfort women’ issues once and for all. So why won’t he? Washington Post 22 January.
Korean Council for Justice and Remembrance for the Issues of Military Sexual Slavery by Japan, no date. Activities and History of the Movement. Available at https://womenandwar.net/kr/activities/#commemoration [Accessed 10 May 2022].
Kozaki, Danuta, Nichole Chettle and staff, 2016. Sydney ‘comfort women’ statue sparks dispute between Korean and Japanese activists. ABC News. Available at https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-01/wwii-comfort-women-memorial-sparks-dispute-in-sydney/7676310. [Accessed 25 June 2022].
Kwon, Vicki Sung-yeon, 2019. The Sonyŏsang Phenomenon: Nationalism and Feminism Surrounding the “Comfort Women” Statue. Korean Studies 43, pp. 6-39.
Lattouf, Antoinette, 2016. Comfort women statue unveiled in Sydney despite ongoing tensions. ABC News. Available at https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-06/comfort-women-statue-unveiled-in-sydney-despite-dispute/7697036 [Accessed 10 May 2022].
Machidori Satoshi, 2015. The last two decades in Japanese politics: Lost opportunities and undesirable outcomes. In: Yoichi Funabashi and Barak Kushner (eds.). Examining Japan’s Lost
Decades. Abingdon: Routledge.
Mackie, Vera, and Sharon Crozier-De Rosa. (2019). Remembering the Grandmothers: The International Movement to Commemorate the Survivors of Militarized Sexual Abuse in the Asia-Pacific War. Asia-Pacific Journal 17(1), pp. 1-25.
McNeill, David. (2019). Freedom Fighting: Nagoya’s censored art exhibition and the ‘comfort women’ controversy. Asia-Pacific Journal, 17, 3, pp. 1-5.
Mitchell, W.J.T., 1990. The Violence of Public Art: “Do the Right Thing.” Critical Inquiry, 16(4), pp. 880-899.
Mladenova, Dorothea. (2022). The Statue of Peace in Berlin: How the Nationalist Reading of Japan’s Wartime “Comfort Women” Backfired. Asia-Pacific Journal, 20, 4, pp. 1-28.
Nishino Rumiko, 2018. A reconciliation discourse that shuns survivors. In: Nichino Rumiko, Kim Puja, and Onozawa Akane (eds.). Denying the Comfort Women. The Japanese State’s Assault on Historical Truth. New York: Routledge.
Onozawa Akane, 2018. The comfort women and state prostitution. In: Nichino Rumiko, Kim Puja, and Onozawa Akane (eds.). Denying the Comfort Women. The Japanese State’s Assault on Historical Truth. New York: Routledge.
Park, Mary, 2020. Generating Tension: Memorial of Sexual Slavery. MA thesis. Providence, RI: Rhode Island School of Design.
Park, You-Me, 2000. Comforting the Nation: ‘Comfort Women,’ the Politics of Apology and the Workings of Gender. Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, 2(2), pp. 199-211.
Peace Monument of Glendale, 2019. The History of the Memorial. Peace Monument of Glendale. Available at https://www.peacemonumentofglendale.com/the-history-of-the-memorial. [Accessed 7 June 2022].
Schumacher, Daniel. (2021). Asia’s global memory war and solidarity across borders: diaspora activism on the ‘comfort women’ issue in the United States. Asia-Pacific Journal 19, 6, pp. 1-19.
Shim, David. (2021). Memorials’ politics: Exploring the material rhetoric of the Statue of Peace. Memory Studies 1, 14, pp. 1-14.
Soh, Chunghee Sarah, 2001. Prostitutes versus Sex Slaves: The Politics of Representing the ‘Comfort Women’. In: Margaret Stetz and Bonnies B.C. Oh (eds.). Legacies of the Comfort Women of World War II. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe.
Solomon, Robert C. (1991). On Kitsch and Sentimentality. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49, 1, pp. 1-14.
Son, Elizabeth W., 2017. Embodied Reckonings: ‘Comfort Women,’ Performance, and Transpacific Redress. Ann Abor: University of Michigan Press.
Tawara Yoshifumi, 2018. Comfort women, textbooks, and the rise of “new right” revisionism. In: Nichino Rumiko, Kim Puja, and Onozawa Akane (eds.). Denying the Comfort Women. The Japanese State’s Assault on Historical Truth. New York: Routledge.
United Nations, 1996. Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Ms. Radhika Coomaraswamy, in accordance with Commission on Human Rights resolution 1994/45. Available at https://www.awf.or.jp/pdf/h0004.pdf [Accessed 16 June 2022].
WAM, 2022. Nihon gun ianjo mappu. WAM: Akutibu myushiamu. Onnatachi no sensō to heiwa shiryūkan. Available at https://wam-peace.org/ianjo/map/ [Accessed 10 July 2022].
Yamazaki, Jane W., 2006. Japanese Apologies for World War II: A rhetorical study. London: Routledge.
Yoshimi Yoshiaki, 2000. Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery in the Japanese Military During World War II, translated by Suzanne O’Brien. New York: Columbia University Press.
Copyright Peripeti og forfatterne - Artiklerne er tilgængelige for direkte links.