Skolekultur, lærerstart og fodfæste

  • Lisbeth Lunde Frederiksen, forskningsleder VIA University College
  • Elisabeth Halse, lektor VIA University College
  • Inge Raun Jensen, lektor VIA University College
Nøgleord: Nyuddannede lærere, skolekultur, lærerstartsordning, professionel udvikling, self-effi cacy

Resumé

Artiklen undersøger hvilke forståelser af begrebet skolekultur, der har betydning
for nye lærers professionelle, personlige og sociale udvikling i starten af deres karriere,
der kan identifi ceres i empirisk forskning i perioden (2010-16)? Der fremanalyseres
4 centrale temaer: samarbejde, mestre kontra performe, stemning og karriere.
Alle studier anbefaler horisontale, sociale relationer og professionel frihed, når nye
lærere samarbejde og at samarbejdet skal handle om selvformulerede åbne spørgsmål
relateret til udfordringer i praksis. Et studie peger på at nye læreres self-effi -
cacy og depressionsfølelse er stærkt knytt et til skolekulturens målorientering og
at samarbejde eller mentoring af nye lærere med lav self-effi cacy i en skole med
lav mestringsorientering eller høj performanceorientering kan føre til endnu lavere
self-effi cacy eller sågar depression, hvorfor mentoring ikke altid kan siges at være
positiv. To studier peger på vigtigheden af skolekulturens imødekomne og venlige
stemning for at den nye lærer kan udvikle sig professionelt. Organisatorisk kaos og
manglende procedurer kan påvirke skolekulturen negativt og betyde manglende
professionel udvikling, og dermed også den nye læreres mulighed for fodfæste.
Et studie peger på vigtigheden af, at skolekulturen giver plads til at forholde sig
til sin karriere. Allerede fra første dag, er optaget af deres karriere og fremtidig
arbejdsliv, særlig på tre områder: Undervisning – blive en god lærer (horisontal),Ledelse
– opad i hierarkiet (vertikalt),Work-life balancen .

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Publiceret
2019-12-20
Citation/Eksport
Frederiksen, L., Halse, E., & Jensen, I. (2019). Skolekultur, lærerstart og fodfæste. Studier I læreruddannelse Og -Profession, 4(1), 207-227. Hentet fra https://tidsskrift.dk/SLP/article/view/117988
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Artikler uden for tema