From professors’ barriers to organisational conditions in ICT integration in higher education
The responsibility of innovation with ICT in education has mainly been placed on professors as pivotal to adoption. However, professors are part of complex organisations with inherent obstacles related to their cultural and historical conditions. Despite some studies have stablished the complexity of internal and external barriers separately, others highlight on the importance of considering teachers’ beliefs and contextual factors together. In this regard, the article aims to explore the underlying organisational factors affecting professors’ adoption and institutional integration of technology, considering the professor as part of the organization. It contributes to the field of limitations and obstacles of ICT adoption, transcending the teachers’ barriers approach toward organizational multi-dimensional limitations. The article describes the process of adoption of ICT as non-linear process of discovering barriers and proposing strategies to overcome them. Rather, as a process of development in which solving conflicts can generate other that must be contextually and collectively addressed. The findings contribute to the development of policies and strategies of professional development. The theoretical approach draws upon the cultural-historical activity theory as a tool to transcend the predominant study of barriers from teachers’ perceptions and to obtain a comprehensive view of the obstacles restricting the adoption and integration of technology for teaching and learning purposes in higher education.
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