The Six Dimensions of Child Welfare Employees’ Occupational Well-Being


  • Andreas Baldschun Department of Social Sciences, University of Eastern Finland



Health, working environment & wellbeing, Organization & management


The objective of this paper is the creation of a multidimensional model of occupational well-being for child welfare professions and the definition of the model’s six dimensions of well-being: affective, social, cognitive, professional, personal, and psychosocial well-being. Previous concepts that were used to describe child welfare employees’ well-being at work focused, primarily, on single aspects of work-related mental distress or well-being, disregarding the complexity of well-being in child welfare professions. The model presented here is based on an analysis of theoretical concepts and empirical studies addressing child welfare workers’ mental distress and well-being. The body of variables, consisting of individual and organizational factors and gathered from the analysis, is used to create a positively oriented model. The key processes in developing psychological distress, as well as employee well-being, are seen in worker–client relationships and the interactions of organizations with their employees. The presented model reveals the importance of constructive interaction between organizations and employees concerning the creation and maintenance of occupational well-being. Application of the model will contribute to the enhancement of the occupational well-being of child welfare employees and, thereby, of organizational well-being. Additional investigations are needed for the empirical validation of the model.

Author Biography

Andreas Baldschun, Department of Social Sciences, University of Eastern Finland

Junior Research Fellow in Social Work. email:




How to Cite

Baldschun, A. (2015). The Six Dimensions of Child Welfare Employees’ Occupational Well-Being. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 4(4), 69–87.