At turde skabe momentum - kompetencebehov i et hybridt og internationalt bibliotekslandskab

  • Hans Elbeshausen Institut for Informationsstudier
  • Kristian Nagel Delica Institut for Mennesker og Teknologi, Roskilde Universitet
Nøgleord: hybridization, internationalization,, public libraries,, institutional theory, historical development, framework conditions

Resumé

Over the last 60 years, changes in librarianship have led to an increasing hybridization, and inspired a discussion on what a competence profile might look like for future library staff. Whether the structural changes were triggered by innovative processes, internationalization or by strengthening social and cultural capital, it resulted in altered self-image and fragmented forms of practice. We argue that shifting cultural policy regimes have intensified processes of hybridization and forced libraries to act as Gyro Gearlooses in a tirelessly search for new fields of activity, strategic alliances and more efficient working methods.
Theoretically and methodically informed by neo-institutional theory and especially by historical institutionalism, we focus on the Janus-faced nature of change processes distinguishing 'preservation competences' from 'change competences' thus conceiving hybridization as a change with limitations or as constrained selection. After the analysis of cultural policy since the 1960s till the 1980s, we investigate hybridization based on a case study. Central to this are various models of international cooperation that reflect different experiences, competencies, and needs. The analysis shows that changes in the institutional framework are not necessarily the result of a deliberate strategy, but the random result of internal and external adaptations of libraries to their changing environments. In conclusion, we find that technical knowledge and the ability to maneuver in a project organization are not sufficient. This makes it even more important to develop an understanding of the permanently shifting power coalitions in organizational fields as a vehicle of institutional change processes.

Referencer

Becker, L. K. (2006a). Globalisation and changing practices for academic librarians in Australia: A literature review. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 37(2), 82-99.

Becker, L. K. (2006b). Globalisation and internationalisation: Models and patterns of change for Australian academic librarians. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 37(4), 282-298.

Becker, L. K. (2006c). Internationalisation: Australian librarians and expanding roles in higher education. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 37(3), 200-220.

Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1980). Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit. Die gesellschaftliche Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit: eine Theorie der Wissenssoziologie. Frankfurt am Mainz: Fischer.

Campbell, J. L. & Lindberg, L. (1991). The evolution of governance regimes. I: R.M. Coughlin (Red.), Morality, Rationality, and Efficiency: New Perspectives on Socio-economics, (s. 227 – 263). Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe.

Conran, J. & Thelen, K. A. (2016). Institutional change. In The Oxford Handbook of Historical Institutionalism (pp. 51-70). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

David, P. A. (1986). Understanding the economics of QWERTY: The necessity of history. I: W. Parker (Red.), Economic History and the modern economics, (s. 30-49). London: Basil Blackwell.

Delica, K. N. (2013). Biblioteksbaserede medborgercentre i udsatte boligområder: om praksisformer, strategier og social innovation i arbejdet med avanceret marginalitet. Ph.d. Afhandling. Roskilde: Roskilde Universitet.

Delica, K. N. (2016). Kulturplanlægning som social innovation: om udvikling af biblioteksbaserede medborgercentre i udsatte boligområder i Danmark. Nordisk Kulturpolitisk Tidskrift, 19(2), 163-182.

Delica, K. N., & Elbeshausen, H. (2013). Socio-cultural innovation through and by public libraries in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Denmark: concepts and practices. Information Research, 18(3). https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1044635.pdf

DiMaggio, P. & Powell, W. (1983). The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147-160.

Duelund, P. (1994). Den danske kulturmodel. En idepolitisk redegørelse. Århus: Klim.

Elbeshausen, H. (2005). Hvad har Hans Hansen og Brug Brugsen tilfælles? Om sproglæring, identitet og biblioteksbetjening af etniske minoriteter. Dansk Biblioteksforskning 1(1), 5-17.

Elbeshausen, H. (2006). Viden i dialog. Empowerment i bibliotekets åbne og lukkede læringsrum. København: Danmarks Biblioteksskole.

Elbeshausen, H. (2007). Folkebiblioteker og den åbne læring. Viden i dialog. Dansk Biblioteksforskning 3(3), 29-40.

Elbeshausen, H. (2010). Eksperimentarium for integration. Evaluering. Kompetenceudvikling mellem videndeling og den udforskende læring. København: Odense Centralbibliotek, IVA og Styrelsen for Bibliotek og Medier.

Elbeshausen & Delica: At turde skabe momentum 117

Emerek, L. (2001). At skrive bibliotekshistorie. Om grundlæggelsen af det moderne folkebibliotek i Danmark. I R. A. Audunson & N. W. Lund, Det siviliserte informasjonssamfunn. Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.

Flyvbjerg, B. (1991). Rationalitet og Magt. Bind I: Det konkretes videnskab [Rationality and Power. Volume I: The Science of the Concrete]. København: Akademisk Forlag.

Fromm, S., & Aretz, H. J. (2006). Institutioneller Wandel als Hybridisierung. Berliner Journal für Soziologie, 16(3), 371-391.

Jochumsen, H. & Rasmussen, C. H. (2006). Folkebiblioteket under forandring. Modernitet, felt og diskurs. København: Danmarks Biblioteksforening.

Kann-Christensen, N. (2010). Institutionelle logikker i biblioteksvæsenet. NPM vs. Bibliotekarisk praksis. Dansk Biblioteksforskning 5(1), 17-28

Kann-Christensen, N., & Pors, N. O. (2004). The legitimacy of public libraries: cross-pressures and change processes. New Library World, 105(9/10), 330-336.

Kristiansson, M., & Kupferberg, F. (2011). Corporate entreprenership-undervisning i felten. I: A. Kirketorp & L. Greve (Red.). Entreprenørskabsundervisning (s. 185-206). Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Mahoney, J., & Thelen, K. A. (2010). Theory of Gradual Institutional Change. Explaining Institutional Change, 1. I: J. Mahoney, & K. Thelen, (Red.), Explaining institutional change: ambiguity, agency, and power. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

March, J. G., & Olsen, J. P. (1989). Rediscovering institutions. New York: The Free Press, Simon and Schuster.

Martínez-Ferrero, J., & García-Sánchez, I. M. (2017). Coercive, normative and mimetic isomorphism as determinants of the voluntary assurance of sustainability reports. International Business Review, 26(1), 102-118.

Mayntz, R. & Scharpf, F. W. (1995). Der Ansatz des akteurzentrierten Institutionalismus. I: R. Mayntz & F.W. Scharpf (Red.), Gesellschaftliche Selbstregelung und politische Steuerung (s. 39-72). Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.

Morisse-Schilbach, M. (2006). Historischer Institutionalismus. I: H.J. Bieling & M. Lerch (Red.), Theorien der europäischen Integration (s. 271-292). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

Mørch, Frede (1988): Forsøg i folkebibliotekerne – En vejledning. København: AKF’s Forlag.

North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

North, D. C. (1993). Institutions and credible commitment. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE)/Zeitschrift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft, 149(1), 11-23.

Pateman, J. (2008). Developing a Need Based Library Service. Information for Social Change, 2007-2008(26), 8-28.

Pierson, P. (2000). Increasing returns, path dependence, and the study of politics. American political science review, 94(2), 251-267.

Pors, N. O. & Johannsen, C. G. (2003). Attitudes towards internationalisation in the library sector: the case of Danish librarians and library managers. New Library World, 104(7/8), 278-285.

Elbeshausen & Delica: At turde skabe momentum 118

Rasmussen, C. H., Jochumsen, H. & Skot-Hansen, D. (2011). Biblioteket i byudviklingen – oplevelse, kreativitet og innovation. IVA. København: Realdania og Danmarks Biblioteksforening.

Schickler, E. (2001). Disjointed pluralism: Institutional innovation and the development of the US Congress. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Scott, W. R. (2001 2nd. ed.). Institutions and organizations. Foundations for organizational science. London: A Sage Publication Series.

Skot-Hansen, D. (1993). Folkebiblioteksforsøg – grænsebrydning og organisationsudvikling. Biblioteksarbejde, 39, 69-75.

Skot-Hansen, D. & Anderson, M. (1994). Det lokale bibliotek – afvikling eller udvikling. Danmarks Biblioteksskole samt Udviklingen for folkeoplysning og voksenundervisning. København: Danmarks biblioteksskole.

Skot-Hansen, D., Rasmussen, H. C., & Jochumsen, H. (2013). The role of public libraries in culture-led urban regeneration. New Library World, 114(1/2), 7-19.

Skøtt, B. (2010). By any Beat Necessary – et kulturanalytisk studie af 1000fryd. Ph.d. afhandling. Aalborg: IVA Aalborg.

Svendsen, G. L. H. (2009). Multifunctional centers in rural areas: Fabrics of social and human capital. Rural education in the 21st century. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Streeck, W. & Thelen, K. (2005). Introduction: institutional change in advanced political economies. I: W. Streeck & Thelen, K. (Red.). Beyond continuity: institutional change in advanced political economies, (s. 1-39). Oxford: University press.

Swyngedouw, E. (2005). Governance Innovation and the Citizen: the Janus face of Governance-beyond-the-state. Urban Studies, 42(11), 1991-2006.

Thelen, K. (2002). The explanatory power of historical institutionalism. I: R. Mayntz, (Red.), Akteure-Mechanismen–Modelle. Zur Theoriefähigkeit makro-sozialer Analysen (s. 91-107). Frankfurt: New York.

Ørom, A. (2005). Folkebiblioteket i samfundet. Et rids af 100 års historie. I M. Dyrbye, J. Svane-Mikkelsen, L. Lørring & A. Ørom (Red.), Det stærke folkebibliotek. 100 år med Danmarks Biblioteksforening, (s. 9-37). København: Danmarks Biblioteksforening og Danmarks Biblioteksskole.

Redegørelser mm
Odense Biblioteker & Roskilde Biblioteker (2018). Internationalisering i de danske folkebiblioteker: Fortællinger, anbefalinger og eksempler. Grønbog fra Projekt Sherpa. Lokaliseret 15.05 2018 på: https://centralbibliotek.dk/sites/default/files/media/Sherpa_gr%C3%B8nbog_web%20april%202018.pdf (digital udgave101 s.; analog udgave 52 s.)

Gjellerup, P. & Nielsen, E. G. (2000). Danmarks kreative potentiale: kultur- og erhvervspolitisk redegørelse. København: Erhvervsministeriet og Kulturministeriet.

Helveg Petersen, K. (1969). En kulturpolitisk redegørelse. Betænkning Nr. 517. København: Kulturministeriet.

Jensen, O. V. (1989). Kulturpolitisk redegørelse og ideprogram. København: Kulturministeriet.

Elbeshausen & Delica: At turde skabe momentum 119

Lundgaard, E. (1997). Kulturpolitisk redegørelse af 4. november 1997. København: Kulturministeriet.

Matthiasen, N. (1977). Kulturpolitisk redegørelse, 1977. København: Kulturministeriet.

Østergaard, L. (1981). Kulturpolitisk redegørelse, 1981. København: Kulturministeriet.

Styrelsen for Bibliotek og Medier (2010). Folkebibliotekerne i vidensamfundet. Rapport fra Udvalget om folkebibliotekerne i vidensamfund. Lokaliseret d. 14. april 2018 på: https://www.slks.dk/fileadmin/publikationer/rapporter_oevrige/folkebib_i_vidensamfundet/pdf/Folkebib__i_videnssamf.pdf
Publiceret
2018-12-17
Citation/Eksport
Elbeshausen, H., & Delica, K. (2018). At turde skabe momentum - kompetencebehov i et hybridt og internationalt bibliotekslandskab. Nordisk Tidsskrift for Informationsvidenskab Og Kulturformidling, 7(3), 104-119. https://doi.org/10.7146/ntik.v7i3.111490