Nordisk Tidsskrift for Informationsvidenskab og Kulturformidling 2019-02-27T14:41:35+01:00 Nanna Kann-Rasmussen Open Journal Systems Kolofon 2019-02-27T14:41:35+01:00 Laura Skouvig <p>Kolofon 7. årgang, nr. 3, udgivet december 2018ISSN (online) 2245-294X © Forfatterne og Institut for Informationsstudier. Det er tilladt at kopiere frit til privat brug med tydelig kildeangivelse. Kopiering i større omfang til undervisningsbrug o.l. kan kun ske efter indhentning af forfatternes og INF’s tilladelse eller i henhold til kopieringsaftale med Copy-Dan. <br>Redaktion: <br>Nanna Kann-Rasmussen (ansvh.) <br>Jeppe Nicolaisen <br>Karen Louise Grova Søilen <br>Patrick Heiberg Kapsch<br><br>Redaktører af dette nummer:<br>Laura Skouvig<br>Åse Hedemark <br>Henrik Jochumsen</p> 2018-12-17T11:27:02+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nye tider, nye udfordringer og nye kompetencer: Introduktion 2019-02-27T14:41:35+01:00 Laura Skouvig Åse Hedemark Henrik Jochumsen <p>I år har bibliotekaruddannelsen i Danmark 100 års jubilæum. I september 1918 åbnedes dørene således for den første længerevarende uddannelse af bibliotekarer.</p> 2018-12-17T11:28:01+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Bibliotekarerne - en profession der former og formes af et aktør-netværk 2019-02-27T14:41:34+01:00 Trine Schreiber <p>Using actor network theory (ANT) as a starting point, the aim of the paper is to describe relationships between heterogenous actors in a particular kind of library work and to discuss how these relationships might potentially be part of a preliminary actor-network representing a profession of librarianship. The particular kind of library work involved in the discussion is user teaching and -guidance in libraries affiliated with educational institutions. The paper draws on this particular kind of work to illustrate the use of ANT in a discussion about the profession of librarianship. The data collection procedure has been guided by ethnographic methodology considerations. As an actor-network, a profession is not a static entity organised around fixed connections. It is undergoing shifts in character as new actors or relations are forged and old ones wear out. Regarding the particular kind of library work, the paper has a focus on actors such as librarians, teachers, students, digital technologies, and political paradigms of control. The author examines how librarians in the particular kind of library work create and maintain relationships with teachers and students. The paper provides a description of the ways influential actors such as digital technologies and political paradigms of control intervene in these processes. The paper concludes that through these relationships, new areas of work and new understandings of professions are under way to be established. These processes might lead to an actor-network intertwined with those many other actor-networks that librarians in general are involved in because of other practices and relationships.</p> 2018-12-17T11:34:26+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## “Vi søker deg med relevant høyere utdanning”: Kompetansebehov i det bibliotekfaglige profesjonsfeltet 2019-02-27T14:41:34+01:00 Liv Gjestrum Kim Tallerås Åse Kristine Tveit <p>It is claimed that today's professions are challenged and that they may disappear, either because more tasks are automated, or somewhat less dramatically - because the professions have to redefine their roles, due to technological changes and other reasons. Such changes also challenges institutions that educate professional practitioners. As academic staff, teaching students in library and information science, we need to know what competencies are requested in our professional fields. We have collected and examined job advertisements from the most important national channels, from 2015-18, where workplace is a library institution, or where librarian expertise is specifically mentioned. We have analyzed competencies and educational backgrounds, and we have made comparisons to similar data from 2002.The theoretical perspective of the study is derived from the sociology of professions, and the material has been studied using statistical analysis in combination with qualitative content analysis. The study shows that the fields of practice are looking for significantly different professional skills, depending on the type of institution and position in question. Relevant ICT skills and skills in communication are emphasized in almost all advertisements. The analysis also reveals that today more often than in 2002, candidates with a degree other than in library and information science are targeted for positions in libraries.</p> 2018-12-17T13:58:56+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Vistnok uvurderlig! - folkebibliotekerne i det litterære liv i Danmark 2019-02-27T14:41:34+01:00 Niels D. Lund <p>The Danish public library as a new institution and the corresponding new librarian profession were established by law about 1918-20 and soon played an active role within circulation and mediation of literature/fiction. From a view of the sociology of literature and via a brief assessment of the concept of the literary life, the article intends to overview the position and significance of this institution in Denmark during these hundred years, and as for some special subfields more detailed and methodologically to discuss the interplays of the literary life and field. Not focusing on the growth rate of the libraries‘ buying and lending of fiction copies, of educated librarians, or of the increasing importance of the compensating artist royalties to the authors as evident quantitation markers, some other thematic subfields have been selected: buying structure at the book market, librarians as literature specialists, book selection as for function, taste and qualification, the library as self-interest publicity including relations literary periodicals/magazines, and examples of mediation initiatives, and finally a short adding up of today. These subfields are inquired each chronologically, there is no total account, so. Reminding the priority of the public libraries within the Danish cultural policy, there may have been little interest and focus of them by the sociology of literature; unlike this, the discussions of the article with a long historical view substantiate that the significance of the libraries in the Danish literary life has been manifold, strong and not overvalued.</p> 2018-12-17T13:33:24+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## "It's all about relations" - an investigation into the youth librarian’s role and proficiency 2019-02-27T14:41:34+01:00 Sunniva Evjen Tonje Vold <p>Developing library services for children and youth is a challenge for the library community. Statistics show that while younger children are avid library users, their usage often wanes as they grow older. Norwegian children between the ages 9 and 15 visited the library half as much in 2017 as they did in 1991 (SSB 2017). One exception is Biblo Tøyen, Norway’s only library dedicated to children between the ages 10-15. Recently named Library of the Year, the library provides a very popular space for its target group. Based on a qualitative study consisting of participant observation and interviews with members of the library staff, who are not trained librarians, this paper highlights the staff’s varied contributions to establishing Biblo as a third place and developing the participatory elements of the library. We look at what guides the staff in facilitating specialized programming for the users and how they perceive their own their role as library staff by exploring in what ways they have interacted with, learnt from, guided and “policed” the target group in developing a participatory, third-space atmosphere.Our findings suggest that the staffs’ relational capacity is vital for creating a successful library space for this age group. From our study, we propose that the multi-aspect role of the youth librarian as teacher, confidante, inspirer, parent, and guardian needs to be taken into serious account in the future education of librarians and for the development of future youth libraries.</p> 2018-12-17T14:05:41+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tillit og tverrfaglighet -om bibliotekaren som forskerstøtte 2019-02-27T14:41:34+01:00 Mari Serine Kannelønning Sunniva Evjen <p>Technological advancements and reforms in the university sector have changed the conditions under which researchers and academic staff work. In turn, university libraries need to adapt to the changing needs of this particular user group. This article highlights which competencies and roles the university librarian needs in order to address these changing needs based on an understanding of the researcher’s work context. How can the academic librarian contribute to the research process? The study on which this article is based has applied Institutional Ethnography (IE), as one methodological approach. IE puts focus on the expert knower, in this case the researcher, who can transmit work knowledge specific to the context in which he or she operates. Applying this approach is one way of dealing with challenges concerning tacit knowledge. In addition, IE provides an opening to revealing new knowledge about a well-studied issue. The data material consists of interviews with researchers (individual and group), and a workshop with academic library staff. Findings show that the researchers’ demands of publications governs their prioritization, but also their relationships to technology and people. The informants’ state that they need to be able to trust that librarians contribute added value and substance to the research process – only then can they be part of the research network. The informants would also like librarians to contribute with a transdisciplinary mindset in transdisciplinary research projects, that they coordinate administrative support, and take charge of research dissemination intended to “popularize” research.</p> 2018-12-17T14:17:22+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tverrfaglig forskningsstøtte - et FagSosioTeknisk grenseobjekt 2019-02-27T14:41:34+01:00 Nini Ebeltoft Pål Magnus Lykkja Alte Wehn Hegnes <p>It is widely acknowledged that interdisciplinary research is required for adequately addressing global challenges. This article explores what interdisciplinary research implies for research libraries assisting such work, and for researchers receiving support. The main research question is: In what manner is interdisciplinary research support shaped and constructed as a result of contact and collaboration between researchers and the research library? Along with document studies, 15 semi-structured interviews have been conducted involving academic staff at the University of Oslo (UiO) and librarians at the UiO research library. Theoretical insight from the fields of Library and Information Science and Science and Technology Studies are combined using Boundary Objects (BO) as an analytical concept. In analysing empirical data, two dual-level competencies and library practices are identified: those that are technical and librarian, and those that are academically-professional and socio-emotional. In the junctions between these, interdisciplinary research support appears as a boundary object characterized as SubjectSocioTechnical. Collaboration and support for interdisciplinary research call for a complex of competencies, primarily because various support practices must be tailored to fit researchers’ disciplines and needs.</p> 2018-12-17T14:36:15+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## At turde skabe momentum - kompetencebehov i et hybridt og internationalt bibliotekslandskab 2019-02-27T14:41:34+01:00 Hans Elbeshausen Kristian Nagel Delica <p>Over the last 60 years, changes in librarianship have led to an increasing hybridization, and inspired a discussion on what a competence profile might look like for future library staff. Whether the structural changes were triggered by innovative processes, internationalization or by strengthening social and cultural capital, it resulted in altered self-image and fragmented forms of practice. We argue that shifting cultural policy regimes have intensified processes of hybridization and forced libraries to act as Gyro Gearlooses in a tirelessly search for new fields of activity, strategic alliances and more efficient working methods.<br>Theoretically and methodically informed by neo-institutional theory and especially by historical institutionalism, we focus on the Janus-faced nature of change processes distinguishing 'preservation competences' from 'change competences' thus conceiving hybridization as a change with limitations or as constrained selection. After the analysis of cultural policy since the 1960s till the 1980s, we investigate hybridization based on a case study. Central to this are various models of international cooperation that reflect different experiences, competencies, and needs. The analysis shows that changes in the institutional framework are not necessarily the result of a deliberate strategy, but the random result of internal and external adaptations of libraries to their changing environments. In conclusion, we find that technical knowledge and the ability to maneuver in a project organization are not sufficient. This makes it even more important to develop an understanding of the permanently shifting power coalitions in organizational fields as a vehicle of institutional change processes.</p> 2018-12-17T14:54:44+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##