Paid Sick Leave as a Means to Reduce Sickness Presenteeism Among Physicians

Keywords: Health, Working Environment and Wellbeing, Organization & management

Abstract

Recurrent international data show that physicians often attend work while ill, termed sickness presenteeism. The current study investigated if sickness presenteeism scores among European physicians varied according to national paid sick leave legislation. We hypothesized that prevalence of presenteeism was higher in countries with lower levels of paid sick leave. We used repeated cross-sectional survey data, phase I (2004/2005, N = 1326) and phase II (2012/2013, N = 1403), among senior consultants at university hospitals in Sweden, Norway, and Italy. Analyses of variances assessed cross-country differences in presenteeism. To assess the impact of country on presenteeism, we used multiple regression analyses controlled for sex, age, family status, work hours, and work content. The results from phase I supported the initial hypothesis. At phase II, presenteeism scores had decreased among the Italian and Swedish sample. The results are discussed with regard to changes in legislation on workhours and medical liability in Italy and Sweden between phase I and II.

Author Biographies

Ingrid Steen Rostad, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

PhD candidate, Department of Psychology, 

Ann Fridner, Stockholm University

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology

Marie Gustafsson Sendén, Stockholm University

Associate Professor, Department of Psychology

Lise Tevik Løvseth, St Olavs University Hospital

Researcher, Department of Research and Development

Published
2017-06-12
How to Cite
Rostad, I., Fridner, A., Sendén, M., & Løvseth, L. (2017). Paid Sick Leave as a Means to Reduce Sickness Presenteeism Among Physicians. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.18291/njwls.v7i2.81595
Section
Articles