Sleep-Related Problems and Associations with Occupational Factors among Home Care Personnel




Health, Working Environment & Wellbeing, Organization & Management


Recent demographic developments in Europe have increased the demand for home care. Working in other people’s home environment is challenging. Home care personnel’s musculoskeletal disorders are common, and care personnel overall often have sleep disturbances. In this study, associations between occupational physical and psychosocial factors and possible sleep-related problems among home care personnel were explored using a questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to 19 workplaces in Stockholm County in 2017–2019, and 665 home care personnel answered. Several factors, including job contentment, physical burden of care, client-related burnout, quantitative demands, and pain, were significantly associated with sleep-related problems. The results highlight the need for implementing measures to improve psychosocial and organizational working conditions in home care service.

Author Biographies

Maria Lindholm, Karolinska Institutet

Associated Postdoctoral Researcher, Institute of Environmental Medicine. E-mail:

Ingela Målqvist, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Region Stockholm

Human Resources Specialist

Magnus Alderling, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Region Stockholm


Lena Hillert, Karolinska Institutet

Associate professor, Institute of Environmental Medicine

Carl M Lind, Karolinska Institutet

PhD, Associated Researcher, Institute of Environmental Medicine

Arto Reiman, University of Oulu

Docent, Post-doctoral research fellow, Industrial Engineering and Management

Mikael Forsman, KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Professor, Head of Division of Ergonomics, Guest professor, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet


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How to Cite

Lindholm, M., Målqvist, I., Alderling, M., Hillert, L., Lind, C. M., Reiman, A., & Forsman, M. (2021). Sleep-Related Problems and Associations with Occupational Factors among Home Care Personnel. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies.