A Cross-sectional Study of Sustainable Employment in Nordic Eldercare





Health, Working Environment & Wellbeing, Employment, Wages, Unemployment & Rehabilitation, Work/Life Balance, Gender, Ethnicity, Age and Diversity


This study addresses the retention challenges of Nordic eldercare by investigating how care workers’ work-time arrangements are associated with consideration to quit the job. Particular attention is paid to the mediating role of economic distress and work-life conflict. Based on a Nordic cross-sectional survey (Nordcare II), we investigate how different modes of shift work scheduling and involuntary part-time employment are directly and indirectly associated with consideration to quit the job. Parallel analyses from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden reveal that work-time arrangements are indirectly associated with consideration to quit the job in all countries. Perceived work-life conflict increases with the number of different shifts included in a shift schedule. Danish care workers, who more often work fixed shifts, report the lowest level of work-life conflict. Involuntary part-time employment, which is most widespread in Norway, is directly associated with financial distress in all countries, but with work-life conflict in Norway only.

Author Biographies

Ida Drange, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University

Research professor. E-mail: idadr@oslomet.no

Mia Vabø, OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University

Research professor


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How to Cite

Drange, I., & Vabø, M. (2021). A Cross-sectional Study of Sustainable Employment in Nordic Eldercare. Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies. https://doi.org/10.18291/njwls.128595