Ordböckernas roll i svenskans grammatiska standardisering
During the 18th century the status of Swedish changed from a poorly codified vernacular
into a standardized national language. The bilingual Swedish dictionaries
played an important part in the standardization process. Standardization is one of the
phases of language planning, as presented by Haugen. He defines language planning
as “the evaluation of linguistic change”. All the aspects of standardization are
included in the lexical description of the vocabulary presented in the dictionaries: the
graphization, the lexication and the grammatication of the language. As the lexical
perspective puts every single word in focus, the lexicographers had to present a
grammatical description that was in many ways superior to what was generally
presented in the contemporary grammars.
The effects of standardization are far too often neglected in historical linguistics.
The lexicographers did not only evaluate linguistic change; in the long run their
decisions also affected the very structure of the language. Thus standardization must
be accounted for in any description of language change in the 18th century Swedish
LexicoNordica og forfatterne