Media Choice in Multicultural Business Interactions


  • Mervi Varhelahti Turku University of Applied Sciences, Business, ICT and Chemical Engineering
  • Marjo Joshi Turku University of Applied Sciences, Business, ICT and Chemical Engineering
  • Mirjamaija Mikkilä-Erdmann University of Turku, Department of Teacher Education & Centre for Learning Research, Turun yliopisto
  • Carmen Pérez-Sabater Dept. of Applied Linguistics, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia



computer-mediated Communication (CMC), media choice, working life communication, ELF, higher education


The aim of this study was to identify which media is chosen for Computed-mediated Communication (CMC) in multicultural business interactions when the main language of communication is English as a lingua franca. The second aim was to determine how the results of this study should be taken into consideration at Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) in curriculum development. The analyses employed in this survey followed Media synchronicity theory (MST), originally proposed by Dennis/Valacich (1997) and later refined by Dennis et al. (2008). This study was conducted using a mixed method approach with data from a quantitative survey regarding media usage of 274 respondents and qualitative theme interviews of five working life representatives. The findings indicate that the choice of media varies between different countries and is dependent on the different capabilities and synchronicity of the media. The team structure, communication processes, choice of language, cultural diversity and ethical rules of the company play an important role in communication and are meaningful when choosing the media for communication. The main conclusion is that the ability to choose the media that is suitable for varying communicative situations in working life has become essential and therefore needs to be developed as part of curriculum development work at HEIs.




How to Cite

Varhelahti, M., Joshi, M., Mikkilä-Erdmann, M., & Pérez-Sabater, C. (2017). Media Choice in Multicultural Business Interactions. HERMES - Journal of Language and Communication in Business, (56), 163–180.



Other Articles