Det levende web og de døde links

  • Caroline Nyvang forsker, Det Kgl. Bibliotek, cany@kb.dk
  • Thomas Hvid Kromann forsker, Det Kgl. Bibliotek, thok@kb.dk
  • Eld Zierau IT-konsulent, Det Kgl. Bibliotek, elzi@kb.dk
Nøgleord: arkiveret web, henvisningsadfærd, citationspraksisser, stabile referencer

Resumé

The article probes web referencing behavior among Danish researchers and students. Our study is concentrated on a selection of master's theses submitted in 2015 at the University of Copenhagen and an assortment of recent literary monographs focusing on contemporary literature. In the article we examine to what extent it is possible to follow each given web reference and we review the existing recommendations. Our study shows that current practices and ideals are inadequate, and we discuss a number of alternatives. It is our recommendation and conclusion that researchers and university students should strive to include web archives whenever they refer to internet resources. We furthermore argue that a web reference should consist of four specific elements in order to be both precise and persistent, and we introduce a concrete suggestion on how an up-to-date standard might be formulated.

Referencer

Allen, B., Qin, J., & Lancaster, F. W. (1994). Persuasive communities: A longitudinal analysis of references in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 1665-1990. Social Studies of Science, 24(2), 279-310.

Aronsky, D., Madani, S., Carnevale, R. J., Duda, S., & Feyder, M. T. (2007). The Prevalence and Inaccessibility of Internet References in the Biomedical Literature at the Time of Publication. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 14(2), 232-34. doi:10.1197/jamia.M2243

Benbow, S. M. P. (1998). File Not Found: The Problems of Changing Urls for the World Wide Web. Internet Research, 8(3), 247-50. doi:10.1108/10662249810217867

Benning, S. P., & Speer, S. C. (1993). Incorrect Citations: A Comparison of Library Literature with Medical Literature. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 81(1), 56-58.

Bruhns, Svend. (2010). Citationsindexering. Klarup: Bibliografica.

Brügger, N. (2012) L’historiographie de sites Web: Quelques enjeux fondamentaux. Temps Medias Temps des Medias, 18(1), 159-69.

Brügger, N., & Finnemann, N. O. (2013). The Web and Digital Humanities: Theoretical and Methodological Concerns. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 57(1), 66-80. doi:10.1080/08838151.2012.761699

Chankhunthod, A., Danzig, P. B., Neerdaels, C., Schwartz, M. F., & Worrell, K. J. (1995). A Hierarchical Internet Object Cache; CU-CS-766-9. Computer Science Technical Reports. Paper 720.

Chernin, E. (1988). The “Harvard system”: a mystery dispelled. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 297(6655), 1062-63.

Creative Commons — Kreditering-IkkeKommerciel-IngenBearbejdelse 2.5 Danmark — CC BY-NC-ND 2.5 DK. Lokaliseret på https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/dk/, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2016-12-11_22.10.56Z:page:https://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/dk/

Den Danske Forskningsdatabase. Lokaliseret på http://www.forskningsdatabasen.dk/, webarkiv:netarkivet.dk, arkiveringstidspunkt: 2017-03-09 18:01:50 UTC, arkiveret URL: http://www.forskningsdatabasen.dk/, omfattet indhold: website

Davis, P. M., & Cohen, S. A. (2001). The effect of the Web on undergraduate citation behavior 1996–1999. Journal of the American Society for information science and technology, 52(4), 309-14.

Dellavalle, R. P., Hester, E. J., Heilig, L. F., Drake, A. L., Kuntzman, J. W., Graber, M., & Schilling, L. M. (2003). Going, going, gone: Lost Internet references. Science, 302(5646), 787-88.

Den danske kodeks for integritet i forskning. (2014). Uddannelses- og Forskningsministeriet, webarkiv:netarkivet.dk, arkiveringstidspunkt: 2016-02-11 03:02:07 UTC, arkiveret URL: http://ufm.dk/publikationer/2015/ sammenfatning-af-den-danske-kodeks-for-integritet-i-forskning.pdf, omfattet indhold: webdel

Dimitrova, D. V., & Bugeja, M. (2007). The half-life of internet references cited in communication journals. New Media & Society, 9(5), 811-26. doi:10.1177/1461444807081226

DISKURS. Lokaliseret på https://diskurs.kb.dk, webarkivreference for forside pwid:archive.org:2016-08-11_23.38.27Z:page:https://diskurs.kb.dk/

DISKURS FAQ. Lokaliseret på http://kub.ku.dk/diskurs/faq/, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2017-01-27_12.57.50Z:page:http://kub.ku.dk/diskurs/faq

Evans, R. B. (1992). Growing pains: The American Psychological Association from 1903 to 1920. I R. B. Evans, V. S. Sexton, & T. C. Cadwallader (Red.), The American Psychological Association: A historical perspective, 73-90, Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, xvi.

Forfatterhåndbog. Aarhus Universitetsforlag (2014). Lokaliseret på http://da.unipress.dk/media/2868042/forfatterh_ndbog__2014.pdf, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2015-03-30_05.56.51Z:part: http://da.unipress.dk/media/2868042/forfatterh_ndbog__2014.pdf

Forfattervejledning: Museum Tusculanum. Lokaliseret på http://www.mtp.hum.ku.dk/rwfolder/mtp/pdfs/forfattervejl.pdf, webarkiv: netarkivet.dk, arkiveringstidspunkt: 2014-06-25 07:31:03 UTC, arkiveret URL: http://www.mtp.hum.ku.dk/rwfolder/mtp/pdfs/forfattervejl.pdf, omfattet indhold: webdel

Goh, D. H.-L., & Ng, P. K. (2007). Link Decay in Leading Information Science Journals. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58(1), 15-24. doi:10.1002/asi.20513

Gregersen, M., & Skiveren, T. (2013). Det åbne redskabsskur: hovedstrømninger i det nye årtusindes danske forfatterskolelitteratur. Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag.

Haarder, J. H. (2014). Performativ biografisme: en hovedstrømning i det senmodernes skandinaviske litteratur. København: Gyldendal.

Infopid.dk. Lokaliseret på http://infopid.dk/, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2016-12-02_09.10.18Z:page:http://infopid.dk/

Isfandyari-Moghaddam, A., & Saberi, M.-K. (2011). The Life and Death of Urls: The Case of Journal of the Medical Library Association. Library Philosophy and Practice. Lokaliseret på http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/592/, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2017-01-27_13.40.13Z:part:http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1623&context=libphilprac

IVA Studenterprojekter. Det Informationsvidenskabelige akademi. Lokaliseret på http://pure.iva.dk/da/studentthesis/search.html, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2016-03-06_10.18.19Z:page:http://pure.iva.dk/da/ studentthesis/search.html

Koehler, W. (1999). An Analysis of Web Page and Web Site Constancy and Permanence. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 50(2), 162-80.

Koehler, W. (2002). Web Page Change and Persistence—a Four-Year Longitudinal Study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53(2), 162-71.

Kumar, B.T.S. & Kumar, K.S.M. (2012). Persistence and half‐life of URL citations cited in LIS open access journals. Aslib Proceedings, 64(4), 405-22. doi:10.1108/00012531211244752

Larsen, P. S. (2015). Poesiens ekspansion: om nordisk samtidsdigtning. Spring.

Liebler, R., & Liebert, J. (2012). Something Rotten in the State of Legal Citation: The Life Span of a United States Supreme Court Citation Containing an Internet Link (1996-2010). Yale JL & Tech., 15, artikel 2.

Mai, A.-M. (2011). Hvor litteraturen finder sted: et bidrag til dansk litteraturs historie. København: Gyldendal.

Mai, A.-M. (2016). Galleri 66: en historie om nyere dansk litteratur. København: Gyldendal.

Moesgaard, J. & Weimann, S. (2014). De døde links, der blev vakt til live, REVY, 34(2), 3-4.

Mønster, L. (2016). Ny nordisk: lyrik i det 21. århundrede. Aalborg: Aalborg Universitetsforlag.

Nexø, T. A. (2016). Vidnesbyrd fra velfærdsstaten: den sociale vending i ny dansk litteratur. København: Arena.

Ny forfattervejledning, Samfundslitteratur. Lokaliseret på http://wildside.ipapercms.dk/SLFonden/SLforlagene/Katalogerflles/Nyforfattervejledning/, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2017-01-27_14.01.45Z:page: http://wildside.ipapercms.dk/SLFonden/SLforlagene/Katalogerflles/Nyforfattervejledning/

Pope, N. N. (1992). Accuracy of References in Ten Library Science Journals. RQ, 32(2), 240-43.

Preparing and Quoting References using the Harvard System. Lokaliseret på http://epapers.bham.ac.uk/819/2/B016.1_harvard_referencing_guide.pdf, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2017-01-30_09.36.52Z:part: http://epapers.bham.ac.uk/819/2/B016.1_harvard_referencing_guide.pdf

Price, A. (2012). Persistent Identifiers in Denmark anno 2012. ScieCom Info, 8(1). Lokaliseret på http://curis.ku.dk/ws/files/37982162/5428_15494_1_SM.pdf, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2017-01-27_14.04.53Z:part: http://curis.ku.dk/ws/files/37982162/5428_15494_1_SM.pdf

Price, D. J. de S. (1963). Little science, big science. New York: Columbia Univ. Press.

Russell, E., & Kane, J. (2008). The Missing Link: Assessing the Reliability of Internet Citations in History Journals. Technology and Culture, 49(2), 420-29.

Sanderson, R., Phillips, M., & Van de Sompel, H. (2011). Analyzing the Persistence of Referenced Web

Resources with Memento. arXiv:1105.3459 [cs]. Lokaliseret på http://arxiv.org/abs/1105.3459, webarkiv: archive.org, arkiveringstidspunkt: 2016-08-06 07:14:30 UTC, arkiveret URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1105.3459, omfattet indhold: delsite

Serup, M. G. (2013). Relationel poesi. Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

Skov, A. (2014). Referér korrekt!: Om udarbejdelse af bibliografiske referencer. 2. udgave ved Bo Gerner Nielsen. Det Informationsvidenskabelige Akademi ved Københavns Universitet. Lokaliseret på http://iva.ku.dk/refererkorrekt, webarkivreference: pwid:archive.org:2016-05-15_23.39.48Z:page: http://iva.ku.dk/refererkorrekt

Small, H. (2010). Referencing through history: how the analysis of landmark scholarly texts can inform citation theory. Research Evaluation, 19(3), 185-93. doi:10.3152/095820210X503438

Sompel, H. V. de, & Davis, S. (2015). From a System of Journals to a Web of Objects. The Serials Librarian, 68(1-4), 51-63. doi:10.1080/0361526X.2015.1026748

Stidsen, M. (2015). Den ny mimesis. virkelighedstolkningen i dansk og nordisk litteratur efter Anden Verdenskrig, bd. 1 & 2. U Press, København.

Svendsen, E. (2015). Kampe om virkeligheden: tendenser i dansk prosa 1990-2010. Samfundslitteratur.

Terras, M., Nyhan, J., & Vanhoutte, E. (2016). Defining Digital Humanities: A Reader. Routledge, New York.

The Chicago Manual of style. (2010) (16. udg.). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Thomee, B., Elizalde, B., Shamma, D. A., Ni, K., Friedland, G., Poland, D., Li, L.-J. (2016). YFCC100M: the new data in multimedia research. Communications of the ACM, 59(2), 64-73. doi:10.1145/2812802

Wren, J. D. (2008). URL decay in MEDLINE - a 4-year follow-up study. Bioinformatics, 24(11), 1381-85. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btn127

Zierau, E., Nyvang, C., & Kromann, T. H. (2016). Persistent Web References – Best Practices and New Suggestions. I Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Preservation of Digital Objects (iPres), 237-46).

Zittrain, J., Kendra, A., & Lessig, L. (2014). Perma: Scoping and Addressing the Problem of Link and Reference Rot in Legal Citations. Legal Information Management, 14(02), 88-99. doi:10.1017/S1472669614000255

Publiceret
2017-11-22
Citation/Eksport
Nyvang, C., Kromann, T., & Zierau, E. (2017). Det levende web og de døde links. Nordisk Tidsskrift for Informationsvidenskab Og Kulturformidling, 6(1), 17-31. https://doi.org/10.7146/ntik.v6i1.98918