40.000 Garotas Desaparecidas: Espetáculo Falacioso, Políticas Sexuais Fora da Ordem e Violência Policial no Rio de Janeiro

Main Article Content

Gregory Mitchell

Abstract

Este artigo analisa o período do assim chamado protestos da “Revolução do Vinagre”, compreendido entre a Copa das Confederações de 2013 e a Copa do Mundo de 2014. Alega-se que nesse período há uma mudança acentuada nas políticas sexuais enquanto que as “políticas sexuais fora da ordem” deixam de ser aceitas e integradas nas manifestações populares de 2013 para serem subordinadas e até mesmo abandonadas durante a Copa do Mundo, visto que a violência policial contra as profissionais do sexo acelerou, à medida que os protestos populares diminuíram. Uma das alegações retóricas que causou, em especial, prejuízo às profissionais do sexo foi a alegação de que 40.000 mulheres e garotas são traficadas para cada Copa do Mundo — uma alegação que se mostrou completamente falsa. Contudo, essas garotas desaparecidas — que são imaginárias — também confirmou-se como sendo um tipo de espetáculo, sendo que esse espetáculo falacioso e dissimulado permitiu o aumento da violência policial. Este artigo argumenta que as políticas sexuais fora da ordem são remodeladas e se tornam vulneráveis a espetáculos — mesmo quando o espetáculo em questão é mais notável por sua invalidez etnográfica.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mitchell, G. (2016). 40.000 Garotas Desaparecidas: Espetáculo Falacioso, Políticas Sexuais Fora da Ordem e Violência Policial no Rio de Janeiro. Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies, 4(2), 372-410. Retrieved from https://tidsskrift.dk/bras/article/view/22262
Section
Dossier

References

Amar, Paul. 2013.  The security archipelago: human-security states, sexuality politics, and the end of neoliberalism, Durham: Duke University Press.

Blanchette, Thaddeus Gregory, Ana Paula da Silva and Andressa Raylane Bento.  2013. “The Myth of Maria and the Imagining of Sexual Trafficking in Brazil.”  Dialectical Anthropology,  37 (2):195-227.

Blanchette, Thaddeus Gregory, Gregory Mitchell & Laura Murray.  2015. “Discretionary Policing, or the Lesser Part of Valor: Prostitution, Law Enforcement, and Unregulated Regulation in Rio de Janeiro’s Sexual Economy.” Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement, 1(7), Forthcoming 2015.

Boston College. 2015. “’UN GIFT Box’ Exhibit Spotlights Human Trafficking,” Boston College Office of News and Public Affairs. April. http://www.bc.edu/offices/pubaf/news/2015-mar-apr/un_giftbox.html

Bowater, Donna.  2014.  “Whatever Happened to Brazil’s World Cup Protests?” Al Jazeera America, July 10.  http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/7/10/brazil-protests-worldcup.html

Branco, Ana e Simone Candida. 2014. “Boate Balcony é fechada em ação conjunta da Seop e da polícia civil.” O Globo.  27 Dezembro. http://oglobo.globo.com/rio/boate-balcony-fechada -em-acao-conjunta-da-seop-da-policia-civil-14920276#ixzz3gjuQxe78 

Brenan, Denise.  2014. Life Interrupted: Trafficking into Forced Labor in the United States. Durham: Duke University Press.

Chouliaraki, Lilie. 2012.  Ironic Spectator: Solidarity in the Age of Post-Humanitarianism.  London: Polity Press.

Cornell, Andrew. 2016. Unruly Equality: U.S. Anarchism in the Twentieth Century.  University of California Press. 

Corrêa, Sonia.  2013.  “Dialoguing with the (im) possibilities of unruly politics,” in The Changing Faces of Citizen Action: A Mapping Study through an ‘Unruly’ Lens, eds. Akshay Khanna, with Priyashri Mani, Zachary Patterson, Maro Pantazidou and Maysa Shqerat, International Development Institute, http://www.sxpolitics.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/ids-working-paper-on-unruly-politics.pdf

Da Silva, Ana Paula, Thaddeus Gregory Blanchette and Andressa Raylane Bento. 2013. “Cinderella Deceived: Analyzing a Brazilian Myth Regarding Trafficking in Persons.” Vibrant: Virtual Brazilian Anthropology, 10 (2): 377-419.

Debord, Guy. 1967 [1995]. Society of the Spectacle.  New York: Zone Books.

Exodus Cry. 2014. “Liberdade.” http://exoduscry.com/liberdade/

Exodus Cry. 2015. https://www.facebook.com/exoduscry

Fox News Latino 2014. “World Cup 2014: Brazil Attempts To Crack Down On Child Prostitution Before Games Begin.”  Fox News Latino. April 3. http://latino.foxnews.com/latino/news/2014/04/03/world-cup-2014-brazil-attempts-to-crack-down-on-child-prostitution-before-games/

Gould, Chandre, and Marlise Richter. Institute for Security Studies. 2010.  "The Need for Evidence to Assess Concerns About Human Trafficking During the 2010 World Cup." March 23. https://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/the-need-for-evidence-to-assess-concerns-about-human-trafficking-during-the-2010-world-cup

Goldberg, Eleanor.  2014.  “Children Sold For Sex At World Cup For Few Dollars, Pack Of Cigarettes.”  Huffington Post, June 12. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ 2014/06/12/world-cup-child-prostitution_n_5474716.html

Ham, Julie.  “What’s the Cost of a Rumour: A guide to sorting out the myths and the facts about sporting events and trafficking,” The Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women (GAATW), http://www.gaatw.org/publications/WhatstheCostofaRumour. 11.15.2011.pdf

Harris, Bob. 2014. “Brazil Child Prostitution Warnings To Air On World Cup Flights,” The World Post: Huffington Post. Feb 4. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/04/

brazil-child-prostitution-world-cup_n_4726923.html

Hesford, Wendy. 2012. Spectacular Rhetorics: Human Rights Visions, Recognitions, Feminisms.  Durham: Duke University Press.

International Union of Sex Workers. 2012. "Harm Was Done: Prostitution, Politics and Power in the Run Up to the 2012 London Olympics: Staff of Frontline Services Describe their Experiences." Dec 17. http://www.iusw.org/wp content/uploads/2012/12/ HarmWasDoneIUSW17Dec12.pdf

Kelto, Anders. 2010. "World Cup Avoids Flood of Sex Workers." National Public Radio. 6 July. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=128342077

Lee, Eddie. 2011. "Super Bowl Hyperbole and Prostitution." Toronto Star. 3 Feb. http://www.thestar.com/sports/football/2011/02/03/super_bowl_hyperbole_and_prostitution.html

Khanna, Akshay, Mani Privashri, Zachary Patterson, Maro Pantazidou and Maysa Shqera, 2013.  The Changing Faces of Citizen Action: A Mapping Study through an ‘Unruly’ Lens. International Development Institute, http://www.sxpolitics.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/ids-working-paper-on-unruly-politics.pdf

MacMahon, Lucy. 2014.  “The right to (sell in) the city: street vending and protest in Rio de Janeiro and Recife,” ‘Bread, Freedom and Social Justice’: Organised Workers and Mass Mobilizations in the Arab World, Europe and Latin America, Cambridge University Conference Proceedings July 10-11. 

McNeil, Maggie. 2014. “The Mythical Invasion of the Super Bowl Hookers,” Reason, January 26. http://reason.com/archives/2014/01/26/the-mythical-invasion-of-the-super-bowl     

Machado, Lívia.  2014. “Na abertura da Copa em SP, índio faz protesto por demarcação de terras,” O Globo. 13 Junho.  http://g1.globo.com/sao-paulo/noticia/2014/06/na-abertura-da-copa-em-sp-indio-faz-protesto-por-demarcacao-de-terras.html

Mitchell, Gregory.  2016.  Tourist Attractions: Performing Masculinity & Race in Brazil’s Sexual Economy.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mitchell, Gregory. 2016.  “Evangelical Ecstasy Meets Feminist Fury: Sex Trafficking, Moral Panics, and Homonationalism during Global Sporting Events.”  GLQ. Vol 22: 3. 2016.

Ochoa, Marcia. 2014.  Queen for a Day: Transformistas, Beauty Queens, and the Performance of Femininity in Venezuela.  Durham: Duke University Press.

Pennafort, Roberta. 2013.  “Glittervandalismo do Pink Bloc Toma as Ruas do Rio,”  Estadão. Outobro 14. http://www.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,glittervandalismo-do-pink-bloc-toma-as-ruas-do-rio,1085743

Richter, Marlise, and Wim Delva. 2012. "Maybe It Will Be Better Once This World Cup Has Passed: Research Findings Regarding the Impact of the 2010 Soccer World Cup on Sex Work in South Africa: A United Nations Population Fund Report.” http://www.migration.org.za/uploads/docs/report-26.pdf

Richter, Marlise, Matthew Chersich, Fiona Scorgie, Stanley Luchters, Marleen Temmerman and Gould, Chandre. 2010. "Human Trafficking and the World Cup: How Big is the Threat?" Institute for Security Studies.  May 19. https://www.issafrica.org/iss-today/human-trafficking-and-the-world-cup-how-big-is-the-threat

Ruvolo, Julie.  2014. “On the Run During the World Cup With Brazil's Most-Wanted Prostitute,” Vice News. July 12.

Temorah, Deborah. 2014.  “Human Trafficking World Cup.”  Liberty Voice, June 10.  http://guardianlv.com/2014/06/human-trafficking-world-cup/