Anal Examinations in Cases of Alleged Homosexuality


  • Djordje Alempijevic
  • Rusudan Beriashvili
  • Jonathan Beynon
  • Ana Deutsch
  • Maximo Duque
  • Pierre Duterte
  • Adriaan van Es
  • Ravindra Fernando
  • Sebnem Korur Fincanci
  • Steen Holger Hansen
  • Lilla Hardi
  • Hans Petter Hougen
  • Vincent Iacopino
  • Said Louahlia
  • Jens Modvig
  • Maria-Dolores Morcillo Mendez
  • Önder Özkalipci
  • Jason Payne-James
  • Jose Quiroga
  • Ole Vedel Rasmussen
  • Hernán Reyes
  • Sidsel Rogde
  • Antti Sajantila
  • Jørgen Lange Thomsen
  • Morris Tidball-Binz
  • Felicitas Treue
  • Peter Vanezis
  • Duarte Nuno Vieira



anal examination, ill-treatment, homosexual evaluation, medico-legal statement, forensic evidence, forced anal examinations


Anal examinations are forcibly conducted in many countries where consensual anal intercourse is considered a criminal act. They are conducted almost exclusively on males in an effort to “prove” that they are “homosexuals” despite the fact that anal intercourse is not a necessary determinant of “homosexual activity.”

Forcibly conducted anal examinations are usually initiated at the request of law enforcement officials, the prosecutor, or the court and conducted in the absence of informed consent or in circumstances where individuals are not capable of giving genuine informed consent or where refusal to give consent would be interpreted as self-incrimination. This may be presumed to be the case when examinations are conducted on individuals in detention, subsequent to allegations of criminalised sexual acts by the authorities.

The purpose of this medico-legal statement is to provide legal experts, adjudicators, health care professionals, and policymakers, among others, with an understanding of: 1) the validity of forcibly conducted anal examinations as medical and scientific evidence of consensual anal intercourse; 2) the likely physical and psychological consequences of forcibly conducted anal examinations; and 3) whether, based on these effects, forcibly conducted anal examination constitutes cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or torture.




How to Cite

Alempijevic, D., Beriashvili, R., Beynon, J., Deutsch, A., Duque, M., Duterte, P., van Es, A., Fernando, R., Fincanci, S. K., Hansen, S. H., Hardi, L., Hougen, H. P., Iacopino, V., Louahlia, S., Modvig, J., Mendez, M.-D. M., Özkalipci, Önder, Payne-James, J., Quiroga, J., Rasmussen, O. V., Reyes, H., Rogde, S., Sajantila, A., Thomsen, J. L., Tidball-Binz, M., Treue, F., Vanezis, P., & Vieira, D. N. (2018). Anal Examinations in Cases of Alleged Homosexuality. Torture Journal, 26(2), 7.