INFORMATIONSSAMFUNDET I HISTORISK PERSPEKTIV

  • Jens Christensen Lektor, Dr.phil. Institut for Kommunikation og Kultur Aarhus Universitet
Nøgleord: informationssamfundet, informationens historie, oversigt

Resumé

Informationssamfundet – i historisk perspektiv

Ligesom den generelle historie kan informationens historie opdeles i en række tidsaldre. I de før-moderne landbrugssamfund indtil o. 1500 foregik informationsarbejdet uden for en lille elite mest mundtligt. Det moderne samfund tog sin første spæde, men vigtige begyndelse fra det 16. til det 18. århundrede, da markedsøkonomien, staten og individualismen dukkede op og benyttede sig af den tidligste form for en skreven og videnskabelig kultur. Den første industrielle revolution i det 19. århundrede fungerede som overgang til de 20. århundredes generelle gennembrud for det moderne industrisamfund, der med udgangspunkt i store videnskabeligt funderede virksomheder og statsforvaltninger fik det systematiske informationsarbejde til at accelerere, hjulpet på vej af massemedierne. På vej ind i det 21. århundrede fik globaliseringen og digitaliseringen produktion, brug og lagring af information til at stige så dramatisk, at man begyndte at omtale nutiden som informationssamfund.

 

Siden 1960’erne har økonomer og andre teoretikere søgt at indkredse det samfund, som det sidste halve århundrede har flyttet det fysiske tyngdepunkt fra produktionsarbejde til videns- og administrativt arbejde. Herunder skiftede den oprindelige kvantitative tilgang til et øget fokus på en mere kvalitativ forståelse af dybden iog karakteren af de nye samfund.

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Publiceret
2017-07-18
Citation/Eksport
Christensen, J. (2017). INFORMATIONSSAMFUNDET I HISTORISK PERSPEKTIV. Temp - Tidsskrift for Historie, 7(14), 151-180. Hentet fra https://tidsskrift.dk/temp/article/view/96409