Retsstatsprincippet i FN's verdensmål 16

Holdninger, konflikter og kompromis

Forfattere

  • Kristine Kjærsgaard SDU

Nøgleord:

Verdensmål, FN, Retsstatsprincippet

Resumé

Artiklen analyserer retsstatsprincippets status i FN’s verdensmål 16 og integration i den internationale bæredygtighedsdagsorden. Konfliktende holdninger mellem veslige liberale demokratier, autokratiske styrer og udviklingslande belyses. Vestlige lande ønskede, at retsstatsprincippet skulle være et selvstændigt verdensmål gældende nationalt og internationalt. Liberale frihedsrettigheder skulle stå stærkt. Autokratiske stater mente, at retsstatsprincippet ikke hørte til i verdensmålene. I hvert fald skulle national suverænitet over princippet bevares. Det globale syd delte dette synspunkt, men mente dog, at retsstatsprincippet kunne have en international dimension i form af ligelig indflydelse i internationale organisationer og finansielle institutioner. Uenigheden mellem staterne resulterede i et kompromis. Retsstatsprincippet blev et delmål i stedet for et selvstændigt mål. Frie medier blev til adgang til information. Ansvarlige regeringer blev først skrevet ud af verdensmål 16, men i den sidste fase af forhandlingerne skrevet ind igen. Fra et vestligt synspunkt blev retsstatsprincippet fastholdt, men i en noget udvandet form. De autokratiske stater måtte acceptere, at det overhovedet kom med. På den ene side fik retsstatsprincippet en modificeret status. På den anden side blev det, i kraft af at blive integreret i verdensmålene og hermed for alvor koblet til kernebegrebet bæredygtighed, en styrket international status.

Forfatterbiografi

Kristine Kjærsgaard, SDU

Lektor

Referencer

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Publiceret

2022-06-17

Citation/Eksport

Kjærsgaard, K. (2022). Retsstatsprincippet i FN’s verdensmål 16: Holdninger, konflikter og kompromis. Temp - Tidsskrift for Historie, 12(24), 131–151. Hentet fra https://tidsskrift.dk/temp/article/view/132963