Providing an orientation basis for a young blind reader’s structuring interaction with expository texts
Keywords:Blindness, reading, language development, conceptual meta-model
The interventional case-study presented in this report was intended to explore how the use of a
conceptual meta-model representing coherent and conceptual relations commonly appearing in
expository texts helped a blind reader to use structuring strategies in reading them. The
instructional approach designed and tested in the study was based on the key elements of the
theory of planned stage-by-stage formation of mental acts and concepts (PSFMAC), introduced by
Galperin, and also drew on contemporary approaches in reading comprehension interventions.
The participant of the study was a 17-year-old, blind man with semantic and syntactic disorders in
his early language development. The results of the study indicate that the use of the developed
conceptual meta-model appeared to considerably affect his strategies in structuring the expository
text content. During the intervention, the participant started more accurately to take account of
some frequent coherent and conceptual, particularly causal, relations that he was previously
prone to ignore. He also started more actively to use external speech while reading. The results
provide evidence that the developed conceptual meta-model can serve as an external organizer
helping a blind reader to actively structure text content.
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