Educating Resilient Social Work Professionals

Authors

  • Camilla Sabroe Jydebjerg University College Absalon
  • Karin Brantbjerg Madsen University College Absalon
  • Michael Christensen

Keywords:

vulnerability, professionalism, social work education, social work, resilience

Abstract

This article deals with the concept of vulnerability in social work and how social work students understand the concept of professionalism. The article is based on an empirical study of social worker students and on analysis of the literature used in the education. Theoretically, the article rests upon vulnerability theory as elaborated by Martha Fineman. The analysis suggests that the social worker students share an understanding of the client as vulnerable, and of the social worker as not vulnerable. This entails a view that the social worker is objective and somewhat distanced from his/her clients. The article argues that this understanding runs the risk of producing non-reflexive social work practitioners that are not aware of their own vulnerable position. In conclusion, we state that an understanding of professionalism centred on a shared vulnerability of all beings could bridge the often-used dichotomous understanding of the social worker as either “helper” or “authoritative bureaucrat” and thus lead to a more resilient concept of professionalism.

References

Ablett, P., & Morley, C. (2016). Towards a history of critical traditions in Australian social work. Social Alternatives, 35(4), 7-13

Alminde, R., Henriksen, K., Nørmark, L.C., & Andersen, M.S. (2008). Social analyse og handling. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel.

Andersen, J. (2016). Socialforvaltningsret. Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.

Baadsgaard, K., Jørgensen, H., Nørup, I., & Olesen S.P. (2012). Fra klientorienteret arbejde til administrativt arbejde – ændringer i den faglige praksis og kvalificering på det beskæftigelsespolitiske område. Tidsskrift for ARBEJDSliv, 14 (4), 30-47.

Beddoe, L. (2014). A matter of degrees: The role of education in the professionalisation journey of social work in New Zealand. Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work, 26(2/3), 17–28

Braun, V. and Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology. Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Carstens, A. (2002). ‘Motivation i visitationssamtaler på aktiveringsområdet’. In M. Järvinen, J. Elm Larsen, N. Mortensen (Eds.), Det magtfulde møde mellem system og klient (pp. 26-60). Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Caswell, D., & Larsen, F. (2015). Frontlinjearbejdet i leveringen af aktiv beskæftigelsespolitik — hvordan faglige, organisatoriske og styringsmæssige kontekster påvirker dette. Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv, 17(1), 9–27.

Christensen, M. (2013). ‘Trust, Social Work and Care Ethics. An Exploration of the Luhmannian concept of Trust and Social Work with Children at risk’. In H. Warming (Ed.), Participation, Citizenship and Trust in Children’s Lives: Studies in Childhood and Youth (pp. 114-131). London, Palgrave Macmillan.

Christensen, M., & Madsen, M. (2018). Metodelygten – Når standardiseret ledelsesinformation forandrer socialarbejderens handle- og refleksionsrum. Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv, 20(4), 72-86.

Clarke, J. (1993). Introduction in J. Clarke (ed.). A Crisis in Care? Challenges to Social Work. London: Sage Publishing

Cornish, S. (2017). Social Work and the two cultures: The art and science of practice. Journal of Social Work, 17(5), 544-559.

Dalberg-Larsen, J. (2009). Perspektiver på ret og retsvidenskab. Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.

Denvall, V. & Skillmark, M. Bridge over Troubled Water—Closing the Research–Practice Gap in Social Work, The British Journal of Social Work https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcaa055

Doody, O., Slevin, E. & Taggart, L. (2013). Focus group interviews. Part 3: analysis. British Journal of Nursing, 2013, 22, (5), 266-269.

Doron, I., Rosner, Y., Karpel, M., (2008). Law, social work, and professionalism: Israeli social workers’ attitudes towards the 1996 Social Workers Act. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 30(1), 3-16

Eskelinen, l., Olesen, S.P., & Caswell, D. (2008). Potentialer i socialt arbejde. Et konstruktivt blik på faglig praksis. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel

Fineman, M.A. (2004). The autonomy myth: a theory of dependency. New York: New Press

Fineman, M. A. (2008). The Vulnerable Subject: Anchoring Equality in the Human Condition. , Emory Public Law Research Paper No. 8-40.

Fineman, M. A. (2012) ‘Elderly' as Vulnerable: Rethinking the Nature of Individual and Societal Responsibility. Emory Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-224. Accessed 17.02.20 at papers.ssrn.com

Fineman, M. A. (2013). ‘Equality, Autonomy and the Vulnerable Subject in Law and Politics’. In M. Fineman & A. Grear (Eds.), Vulnerability. Reflections on a New Ethical Foundation for Law and Politics. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.

Fineman, M.A. (2017). ‘Introducing Vulnerability’. In M. A. Fineman & J. Fineman (Eds.), Vulnerability and the Legal Organization of Work. Oxon: Routledge.

Fineman, M. A. (2020). Beyond Equality and Discrimination, 73 SMU L. Rev. F. 51

Fineman, M. A., & Grear, A. (2013). Introduction: Vulnerability as Heuristic – An Invitation to Future Exploration. In Vulnerability. Reflections on a New Ethical Foundation for Law and Politics. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.

Fineman, M., & Katzin, M. (2016). The Human Condition. A conversation with Martha Albertson Fineman. Eurozine, retrieved from https://www.eurozine.com/the-human-condition/

Fredriksen, Jesper (2016). Tværprofessionelle velfærdsprofessioner. Tværsamarbejde som en social praktik for den neoliberale velfærdsstats professioner. Ph.d. dissertation in Social Science, Department of Society and Globalisation, Roskilde University.

Gamst Christiansen, A., & Gamst, B. (2018). Velfærdssamfundets sociale pionerer. Copenhagen: Lindhardt og Ringhof.

Gibelman, M. (1999). The Search for Identity: Defining Social work – Past, Present, Future. Social Work, 44(4), 298-310.

Grear, A. (2013). ‘Vulnerability, Advanced Global Capitalism and Co-symptomatic Injustice: Locating the Vulnerable Subject’. In M. Fineman (Ed.), Equality, Autonomy and the Vulnerable Subject in Law and Politics in Vulnerability. Reflections on a New Ethical Foundation for Law and Politics. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.

Greve, B. (2002). Skøn og ret: historie og nutid i dansk socialpolitik. Uden for nummer – Tidsskrift for forskning og praksis i socialt arbejde, 3(4).

Hagelund, B. (2016). Lærebog i offentlig ret. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzels Forlag.

Hansen, S.J. (Ed.). (2010). Professionelle i velfærdsstaten. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel.

Hansen, I.B. et al (2015). Borgerinddragelse og retssikkerhed i socialt arbejde. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel.

Hardy, M. (2015) Governing Risk: Care and Control in Contemporary Social Work. Palgrave Macmillan

Haynes, D. T., & White, B. W. (1999). Will the “real” social work please stand up? A call to stand for professional Unity. Social Work, 44, 385-391.

Henrichsen, C. (2010). ‘Administrative Justice in a Scandinavian Legal Context: From a Liberal and a Social State to a Market State or a Milieu State’. In M. Adler (Ed.), Administrative Justice in Context (pp. 321-350). Oxford & Portland: Hart Publishing.

Hicks, S. (2016). Theory and social work: A conceptual review of the literature. International Journal of Social Welfare, 25(4), 399-414.

Hielmcrone, N.V., & Schultz, T. (2010). Retssikkerhed i dansk socialret, Retfærd, 33(3), 3-24.

Higgins, M., Popple, K. & Crichton, N. (2016). The Dilemmas of Contemporary Social Work: A Case Study of the Social Work Degree in England. British Journal of Social Work 46, 619–634

Hirvonen, H. (2014) From Embodied to Disembodied Professionalism? Discussing the Implications of Medico-Managerial Management in Welfare Service Work. Social Policy & Administration 48(5), 576-93

Hunt, S., Tregurtha, M., Kuruvila, A., Lowe, S., & Smith, K. (2017). Transition to professional social work practice: The first three years. Advances in Social Work and Welfare Education, 19(2), 139–154.

Hunter, R. (2013) Contesting the Dominant Paradigm: Feminist Critiques of Liberal Legalism. In: Davies, Margaret and Munro, Vanessa, eds. The Ashgate Research Companion to Feminist Legal Theory. Ashgate, Farnham, pp. 13-30

Høilund, P. (2002). Socialretsfilosofi. Retslære for socialt arbejde. Copenhagen: Gyldendal Uddannelse

Høilund, P. (2006). Social retfærdighed. Udkast til en retslære for socialt arbejde. Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag

Høilund, P. & Juul, S. (2005). Anerkendelse og Dømmekraft i Socialt Arbejde. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzels Forlag

Jappe, E. (2010). Håndbog for pædagogstuderende. Copenhagen: Frydenlund.

Järvinen, M., Larsen, J. E., & Mortensen, N. (Eds.) (2002). Det magtfulde møde mellem klient og system. Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Järvinen, M., & Mik-Meyer, N. (2003). At skabe en klient. Institutionelle identiteter i socialt arbejde. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzels Forlag.

Jensen, U. S. (2011). Persondataloven og sagsbehandling i praksis. Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.

Juhila, K., Pöso, T., Hall, C. & Parton, N. (2003) Constructing Clienthood in Social Work and Human Services. Interaction, Identities and Practices. Londen: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

Jydebjerg, C. (2017). Vulnerability, Workfare Law and Resilient Social Justice. In M. Fineman & J. Fineman (Eds.), Vulnerability and the Legal Organization of Work. London and New York: Routledge.

Jørgensen, S. (2019). Exploring emotional aspects of care and control in social work with children and families - a single case analysis of conversation, Journal of Social Work Practice, 33:4, 385-402

Karlson, S. G. (2018). Neoliberalism and social work education Students’ ability to identify the elderly’s rights and needs in Kamali, M., & Jönsson, J. (Eds.). Neoliberalism, Nordic Welfare States and Social Work: Current and Future Challenges. Routledge.

Kearns, T. R. & Sarat, A. (1998). Legal Justice and Injustice: Toward a Situated Perspective. In A. Sarat & T. Kearns (eds.), Justice and Injustice in Law and Legal Theory. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

Ketcher, K. (2014). Socialret: Principper, rettigheder, værdier. Copenhagen: Karnov Group.

Klausen, J. (2002). Offentlig forsørgelse. En analyse af retssikkerheden mellem skøn, ret og pligt. Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag

Kuhlman, E. (2006). Traces of Doubt and Sources of Trust: Health Professions in an Uncertain Society. Current Sociology, 54(4), 607-20.

Kvale, S., & Brinkmann, S. (2015). Interview. Det kvalitative forskningsinterview som håndværk. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel.

Larsen, L. T. (2011). Guvernementalitet og profession: Sundheds- og socialreformer i et Guvernementalitetsperspektiv. In M. B. Johansen & S. G. Olesen (Eds.), Professionernes sociologi og vidensgrundlag (pp. 143-160). Aarhus & Copenhagen: Via Systime.

Liljegren, A. (2012). Pragmatic Professionalism: micro-level discourse in social work. European Journal of Social Work, 15(3), 295-312.

Lipsky, M. (2010). Street-Level Bureaucracy, 30th Anniversary Edition - Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Service. New York: Russell Sage Foundation

Lynch, D. & Forde, C. (2016). Moral distress and the beginning practitioner: preparing social work students for ethical and moral challenges in contemporary contexts, Ethics and social welfare, Vol 10 (2), p. 94 - 107

Mackey, T. & Zufferey, C. (2015). ‘A who doing a what?’: Identity, practice and social work education, Journal of Social Work, Vol. 15(6) 644–661

May, T. & Buck, M. (2000). ‘Social work, professionalism and the rationality of organisational change’. In N. Malin (ed.), Professionalism, Boundaries and the Workplace. London and New York: Routledge

Mik-Meyer, N. (2002). ‘Omsorgens herredømme’. In M. Järvinen, J. E. Larsen & N. Mortensen (Eds.), Det magtfulde møde mellem system og klient. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Mik-Meyer, N. (2004). Dømt til personlig udvikling. Identitetsarbejde i revalidering. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzels Forlag.

Mik-Meyer, N. (2017). The Power of Citizens and Professionals in Welfare Encounters: The Influence of Bureaucracy, Market and Psychology. Manchester University Press. Social and Political Power

Ministry of Higher Education and Science (2014) The Danish Code of Conduct for Research Integrity. Scanpix, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Moriarty, J. Manthorpe, P, Stevens, M & Hussein, S. (2011). Making the transition: Comparing Research on Newly Qualified Social Workers With Other Professions. British Journal of Social Work, vol 41 (7), p.1340 – 1356.

Morley, C., & Ablett, P. (2016). A Critical Social Work Response to Wealth and Income Inequality. Social Alternatives, 35(49), 20-26.

Mørch, S. I. (2004). Den pædagogiske kultur – Grundbog i kommunikation, organisation og ledelse. Systime Academic.

Nissen, M. A., Prinle, K. & Uggerhøj, L. (2007). Introduktion in M. Nissen, K. Pringle & L. Uggerhøj. Magt og Forandring i Socialt Arbejde. Copenhagen: Akademisk forlag

Nissen, M. A., Fallov, M. A., Ringø, P. (2018). Indledning. At udforske menneskesyn i M. A. Nissen, M. A. Fallov & P. Ringø (eds.). Menneskesyn i Socialt Arbejde. Om udviklingen af det produktive menneske. Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag

Noordegraaf, M. (2007). From “Pure” to “Hybrid” Professionalism. Present-Day Professionalism in Ambiguous Public Domains. Administration & Society, 39(6), 761-785.

Noordegraaf, M. (2016). Reconfiguring Professional Work: Changing Forms of Professionalism in Public Services. Administration & Society, 48(7), 783–810

Nørrelykke, H. (2009). ‘Socialrådgiverfagets opståen og udvikling’. In R. Posborg et al (Eds.), Socialrådgivning og socialt arbejde. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel.

O'Leary, P, Tsui M. & Ruch G. (2013). The Boundaries of the Social Work Relationship Revisited: Towards a Connected, Inclusive and Dynamic Conceptualisation. The British Journal of Social Work, 43 (1), 135–153

Payne, Malcolm (2005). The Origins of Social Work: Continuity and Change. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Postle, K. (2002). Working ‘Between the Idea and the Reality’: Ambiguities and Tensions in Care Managers' Work. The British Journal of Social Work, 32, (3), 335-351

Priel, D. (2012). The Scientific Model of Jurisprudence. In J. F. Beltrán, J. J. Moreso & D. M. Papayannis. Neutrality and Theory of Law. Dordrecht: Springer

Rasmussen, L.L. (2017). Sociale rettigheder som eksklusionsmekanisme. Baggrund. Lokaliseret den 17.02.20 på baggrund.com

Reindeers, H. (2008). The Transformation of Human Services. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 52(7), 564-72.

Revsbech, K. (2012). Forvaltningspersonalet. Copenhagen: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.

Ringø, P., Nissen, M.A. and Nielsen, V.B. (2018). Social work education and a changing welfare state in Denmark in Kamali, M., & Jönsson, J. (Eds.). Neoliberalism, Nordic Welfare States and Social Work: Current and Future Challenges Routledge.

Roberts, A., & Riley, H. (2014). Drawing and emerging research: The acquisition of experiential knowledge through drawing as a methodological strategy. Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, 13(3), 292-302.

Rostgaard, T. (2013). Velfærdsstaten. In G. Niklasson (ed.), Sundhed, menneske og samfund. Frederiksberg: Samfundslitteratur

Rugkåsa, M. & Ylvisaker, S. (2018). Resisting neoliberal changes in social work education in Kamali, M., & Jönsson, J. (Eds.). Neoliberalism, Nordic Welfare States and Social Work: Current and Future Challenges Routledge.

Schultz, T. (2004). Retsanvendelse og skøn: Sondringens anvendelse i prøvelsen af afgørelser på det socialretlige område. Djøf Forlag.

Studieordningen Professionsbacheloruddannelsen socialrådgiver, February 1, 2015.

Tham, P. & Lynch, D. (2014) Prepared for Practice? Graduating Social Work Students' Reflections on Their Education, Competence and Skills, Social Work Education, 33:6, 704-717

Tham P. & Lynch D. (2019) ‘Lost in transition?’ – Newly educated social workers’ reflections on their first months in practice, European Journal of Social Work, 22:3, 400-411.

Tham, P. & Lynch, D. (2020): ‘Perhaps I should be working with potted plants or standing at the fish counter instead?’: newly educated social workers’ reflections on their first years in practice, European Journal of Social Work,

Tollenaar, A., & de Ridder, K. (2010). ‘Administrative Justice from a Continental European Perspective’. In M. Adler (Ed.), Administrative Justice in Context. Oxford and Portland: Hart Publishing.

Villadsen, K. (2004a). Det sociale arbejdes genealogi. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzel.

Villadsen, K. (2004b). Socialt arbejde og subjektivering – fra velfærdsplanlægning til postmoderne socialpolitik. Psyke og logos, 25, 613-640

Villadsen, k. (2004c). Filantropiens genkomst. Medborgerskab, fællesskab og frihed under ombrydning, Dansk sociologi, 1(15), 45-63

Villadsen, K. (2005). Filantropi og neo-filantropi i det sociale arbejde. Nordisk sosialt arbeid, 3(25), 207-219.

Villadsen K. (2007). The Emergence of `Neo-Philanthropy’: A New Discursive Space in Welfare Policy? Acta Sociologica, 50(3), 309-323.

Walter, U.M. (2003). Toward a third space: Improvisation and professionalism in social work. Families in Society, 84(3), 317-322.

Weiss-Gal, I., & Welbourne P. (2008). The professionalisation of social work: a cross-national exploration. International Journal of Social Welfare, 17(4), 281-290.

Wiles, F. (2013). ‘Not Easily Put into a Box’: Constructing Professional Identity. Social Work Education, 32(7), 854–866

Downloads

Published

2021-12-23

How to Cite

Jydebjerg, C. S., Madsen, K. B., & Christensen, M. (2021). Educating Resilient Social Work Professionals. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies, 22(1), 65–102. Retrieved from https://tidsskrift.dk/outlines/article/view/120086