Former Right-Wing Extremists' Continued Struggle for Self-transformation After an Exit Program

  • Tina Wilchen Christensen Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI), Kenya and The Danish School of Education, Aarhus University Danish School of Education, Aarhus University
Keywords: Right-wing extremism, disengagement, de-radicalization, desistance, identity transformation, exit-processes, situated learning

Abstract

This article discusses the identity formation process former right wing extremists go through, during and especially after being involved in an exit program for those leaving right wing extremist environments. Based on an ethnographic investigation (and practice theoretical approach), the article argues that participation in culturally defined worlds - such as the extremist right - develops sensitivities and sensibilities that endure. This enables them to engage in social actions, gain a position and develop a correlated identity, but it is also the reason why it can be very demanding for the individual to leave an extremist environment. Perceived from the (re)integrating into society by those stigmatized by a criminal and extremist past. It explores how individuals leaving a right wing extremist group handle themselves in a new world when their embodied knowledge and habitual responding are no longer appropriate, and investigates the many aspects individuals struggle with years after their engagement, when they do not know who to become and how to act. 

 

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Published
2019-06-04
How to Cite
Christensen, T. (2019). Former Right-Wing Extremists’ Continued Struggle for Self-transformation After an Exit Program. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies, 20(1), 04-25. Retrieved from https://tidsskrift.dk/outlines/article/view/114709
Section
Articles