The Crosslinguistic Influence of First and Second Language on Third Language Acquisition

  • Kirsten Lindegaard Helms Aarhus University
Keywords: L3 acquisition, V2, crosslinguistics, language transfer, UG, Typological Primacy Model, Language and Cognition

Abstract

This paper explores the crosslinguistic influences of first and second language on third language acquisition. While it has earlier been argued that Universal Grammar is lost with subsequent language acquisition, some studies indicate that Universal Grammar is not lost and is also applied when acquiring other languages. By drawing on two studies of third language acquisition where the third languages are V2, it is shown that when it comes to acquiring a third language, transfer can happen from both the first and second languages. One study showed that both the first and second languages can influence the acquisition of a third language while another argued in favor of the second language being the most dominant influence. On the basis of an examination of different theoretical approaches to language transfer, this paper argues that the Typological Primacy Model provides the most convincing and pragmatic explanation in that language transfer depends on linguistic circumstances.

Published
2019-03-01
How to Cite
Helms, K. (2019). The Crosslinguistic Influence of First and Second Language on Third Language Acquisition. Leviathan: Interdisciplinary Journal in English, (4), 84-94. https://doi.org/10.7146/lev.v0i4.112682
Section
Articles