Authors have to sign up on the website with a username and password. When they have a user account they can log on and follow the step-by-step submission procedure.

Length of manuscripts: 5.000-8.000 words including footnotes, literature list, headings, and abstract.

Languages: Danish, Swedish, Norwegian and English will always be accepted. Other European languages will be accepted if the choice of language is relevant and if it is possible to find suitable reviewers fluent in those languages.

Abstract: 150-200 words. If the article is not written in English two abstracts must be provided: One in English and one in the article language.

Keywords: 3-5 relevant keywords. Examples: Visual Culture, Autobiographies, Blogging, Democracy. If the article is not written in English, two sets of keywords must be provided: One set in English and one set in the article language.

Font: The main text should be 12 points and typed in a standard font (Times, Garamond, Calibri etc.). Don’t worry too much about typography since this will be taken care of in a final layout phase.

Headings: Headings should be kept brief and clear. The text may contain up to two levels (e.g. chapters and sub-chapters). The levels should be clearly indicated by typography.

Personal information: To ensure that the blind peer review is in fact blind, all personal information must be removed from the manuscript before submission. See how here.

Footnotes: Footnotes should be avoided. If it is absolutely necessary to include a note, authors should use the footnote function in Microsoft Word or a similar word processor. Endnotes will not be accepted.

Reference style: The journal uses APA citation style. If you are not sure about how to cite a work (e.g. a web page) always refer to APA.


In-text citation must reference the author, year of publication and page number. This can be done in several ways.

  • According to Smith (2014), "blogging has become a ubiquitous method of presenting news online" (p. 304).
  • Smith (2014) claims that, "blogging has become a ubiquitous method of presenting news online" (p. 304).
  • Another important point is that, "blogging has become a ubiquitous method of presenting news online" (Smith, 2014, p. 304).

Long quotations of 40 words, or longer, must be placed in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, without quotation marks

Paraphrases must reference the author and year of publication in the in-text reference, but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the page number (although it is not required.) Examples:

  • According to Smith (2014), online news is frequently presented in a blog format.
  • Throughout the world blogging is a very common way to present news online (Smith, 2014, p. 304).

The reference list should be formatted according to the latest APA guidelines. Examples:

  • Hansen, P. & Jensen, O. V. (1998). Typography on mobile websites. International Journal of Internet Studies, 4, 512-535.
  • Johnson, M. C. (2001). History of the British crime novel. Journal of English literature, 9, 61-74.
  • Smith, J. (2014). Blogging and Democracy: New Practices. London: JR Publications.

Please refer to the official APA guidelines for information on how to reference a website, a film, a television show etcetera.

Book/media reviews: Reviews follow the same overall guidelines as articles with the following exceptions: Reviews are not peer reviewed. They are reviewed, accepted and supervised by the editors only. Reviews must have a length of 750 – 1.500 words. The title of the review must correspond with the title of the work reviewed according to this formula:
Review: Author(s). Publication title. City/place: Publisher. Date of publication (for example Review: John Smith. Blogging and Democracy: New Practices. London: JR Publications. 2014)