Civil Society’s Response to Covid–19-Affected Migrants

The Case of Bangladesh


  • Syeda Rozana Rashid


This article explores civil society’s response to the plight of international migrant workers during the pandemic. Taking Bangladesh as a case, it depicts civil society’s engagement with migrants’ issues and analyses factors that shaped their relations with the state and other actors. As demonstrated in the article, despite their fast and first response through service delivery and awareness campaigns, civil society’s role was greatly affected by resource constraints and the state’s dominance. The civil society, however, found its success in influencing the state to mobilise its resources for Covid-impacted migrants. Governed by values such as autonomy, solidarity and partnership, civil society activities in this case resemble supplementary and adversarial models of state–civil society relations. The findings offer useful insights into the construction of ‘civil society’ in a South Asian setting, and its ability to support vulnerable communities during a crisis.




How to Cite

Rashid, S. R. (2022). Civil Society’s Response to Covid–19-Affected Migrants: The Case of Bangladesh. NAVEIÑ REET: Nordic Journal of Law and Social Research, (12), 133–154. Retrieved from