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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

See our author guidelines here.


The main body of an academic article should consist of the following parts. They do not have to have these titles, but it should be easy for the reader to recognise when they are moving from one part to the next:


Motivations for and context and relevance of your study. This is where you express why your study is important and timely.

Previous research / Theoretical arguments of approach

Summarise the previous research done in this area and highlight where/how your work fits in, and how it enriches the body of existing work. Outline your theoretical approach. Which theories are you working with and why are they useful for your analysis? There can be, and often is, some overlap between the theory and the summary of the previous research. This is fine. It is important to reference the people’s work you are using to construct your arguments.

Methods and data

Give a concise summary of the methods you use in your data collection AND analysis. If you conducted interviews, state for example whether they were semi-structured or open-ended, who they were with, where they took place etc. If you read documents, state how you analysed the content, and so forth.


This is where you analyse YOUR data, making short references to the theory/previous research you outlined before. The point here is to showcase your own UNIQUE AND NEW findings.

Conclusion / Discussion

Here you can summarise and/or discuss the implications of your findings for society and your field of research.


For in-text references your list of references you should use APA style.

Footnotes, endnotes, appendices

Do not include any footnotes, endnotes or appendices.


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