Å sette en dronning i scene. Fremstillinger av kroningsopptoget for Isabeau av Bayern i Grandes Chroniques de France, 1400-1500
Staging a Queen. Representations of the Coronation of Isabeau of Bavaria in the Grandes Chroniques de France, c.1400-1500
By Ragnhild M. Bø
In the pageant that took place when Isabeau of Bavaria was crowned as Queen of France in August 1389, she was not only staged as a spectator to various tableaux acted out in front of her, but also put on display herself as e.g. the Virgin and St Anne. The pageant is minutely described by her contemporary Jean Froissart in book IV of his four volumes entitled Grandes Chroniques de France. This pageant is the only one included in a text which is mostly known for its descriptions of battles fought between the English and the French and their various allies during the Hundred Years War (1337-1453), as well as commenting upon aristocratic and chivalric behaviour. In this article, I take performance as the act of staging a person, and I discuss which of the many sensorial images created by Froissart in his account of Queen Isabeau’s pageant were later deployed as iconographical motifs in illuminated copies of his text throughout the fifteenth century, also in copies made well after the Queen’s death.
Alford, John A. (red.): From Page to Performance. Essays in Early English Drama, East Lansing 1995.
Bø, Ragnhild M.: Devotion and Representation at the French Court. An Intervisual Approach to the Lamoignon Hours, a Parisian Manuscript from the Bedford Master, c.1415, Oslo 2013.
Delisle, Léopold: Recherches sur la librarie de Charles V, Paris 1907.
Delogu, Daisy: ”How to Become the ‘roy des frans’: The Performance of Kingship in Philippe de Mézières’s Le songe du vieil pelerine”, Philippe de Mézières and His Age. Piety and Politics in the Fourteenth Century, red. Renate Blumenfeld-Kosinski & Kiril Petkov, Leiden 2012, s. 147-164.
Froissart, Jean: Chroniques. Livres III et IV. Innledning og bearbeiding av Peter Ainsworth & Alberto Varvaro, Paris 2004.
Gaposchkin, M. Cecilia: “The King of France and the Queen of Heaven: the Iconography of the Porte of Notre-Dame of Paris”, Gesta 39, 2000, s. 58–72.
Inglis, Eric: Jean Fouquet and the Invention of France. Art and Nation after the Hundred years War, New Haven/London 2011.
Legaré, Anne-Marie: ”L’éntrée de Jeane de Castille à Bruxelles: un programme iconogrphique au féminin”, Woman at the Burgundian Court. Presence and Influence, red. Dagmar Eichberger, Anne-
Marie Legaré & Wim Hüsken, Turnhout 2010, s. 43-55.
Le Guay, Laetitia: Les princes de Bourgogne, lecteurs de Froissart: Les rapports entre le texte et l’image dans les manuscrits enluminés du livre IV des Chroniques, Turnhout 1998.
McKendrick Scott, John Lowden & Kathleen Doyle: Royal Manuscripts. The Genius of Illumination, London 2011.
Potter, David (red.): France in the Later Middle Ages, Oxford 2003.
Ribemont, Bernard: ”L’Entrée d’Isabeau de Bavière à Paris: Une fête textuelle pour Froissart”, Feste und Feiern im Mittealter, red. Detlef Altenburg, Jörg Jarnut & Hans-Hugo Steinhoff , Sigmaringen 1991, s. 515-522.
Stroll, Mary: Maria Regina: “Papal Symbol”, Queens and Queenship in Medieval Europe. Proceedings of a Conference held at King’s College London April 1995, red. Ann J. Duggan, Woodbridge 1997, s. 173–204.
Warner, Marina: Alone of All Her Sex: The Myth and Cult of the Virgin Mary, New York 1976.
Forfatter og Forlag.