20 år med Tolkien: Forandrede fællesskaber på nettet [20 years with Tolkien: Transformed online communities]
Keywords:Usenet, Tolkien, netfællesskab, sociale medier, mediehistorie
In the last 20 years, online communities have changed profoundly. The development from well-defi ned entities into distributed networks is described through the lens of three case studies (1996, 2006, and 2016) of the same newsgroup (rec.arts.books.tolkien). In between these investigations, the more general changes are described – internet access is far more widespread, and the communication has moved from nerdy exchanges to mundane and mainstream. Today, the social media platforms are dominant, and while the studied fan culture on Facebook is represented primarily by commercial interests, the dedicated fan communities are found elsewhere, in fora still text based, asynchronous and with relative anonymity.
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