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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

CLAW allows authors to hold copyright without restrictions. Submitted manuscripts must be written in English. An English language abstract of max. 200 words has to be provided. Upon submitting to CLAW authors are expected to have cleared all permissions and copyright conflicts. CPE accepts several types of submissions, that is, research articles, book reviews, speeches, and notes. They are treated the same way as to double blind peer review.

All submissions must contain

  • A cover letter to the editors indicating which section the submission targets

  • A separate title page identifying the author(s), including any acknowledgements

  • An anonymized manuscript including abstract, up to five keywords, main text & references, appendices, tables and figures.

The manuscript

In your abstract, please include the following information: purpose – design/methodology/approach – findings – research limitations – theoretical and practical implications.

The length of the manuscript conforms to the following

Research articles

  • Full papers should range from 5000 to 10,000 words including all figures, tables, appendixes, and references. The abstract should not exceed 200 words.

 Book reviews

  • The usual length should not exceed 1000 words.


  • The usual length should not exceed 5000 words. References should be provided and may be added to the original text.


  • Extended abstracts or notes on ongoing research (incl. conference memos) range from 500 to 4000 words.


  • Citing and referencing should adhere to American Psychological Association 6th edition style.

 Text requirements

  • Authors must ensure that their work is complete, grammatically correct and without spelling or typographical errors. We recommend making use of professional editing services.
  • The manuscript is electronically submitted in Microsoft Word.
  • Paper format is A4 with 3cm margins on top and bottom, and 2cm margins left and right.


  • The title of the work is centered. The font is Times New Roman, 16 pt., bold.

 Main text body

  • The normal text body is set in Times New Roman, 10pt.
  • The normal text body is single spaced. There are no additional spaces before or after paragraphs.
  • First paragraphs are not indented (after headings, figures or tables). Neither is second paragraphs.
  • Emphasis can be added using italics. There should not be bold or underlined text.
  • The font is Times New Roman.
  • Headings are formatted, ideally, by using the “styles” function of Microsoft Word.
  • Headings are consequently numbered using Arabic numerals. They are not ended by a point, so the numbering would be “1”, “1.1”, and “1.1.1”.
  • There are only three levels of headings:

    Heading 1:

            Font 14 pt


            Line spacing: single

            Indent: 0 cm

            Hanging 0.75 cm

    Heading 2:

        Font 12 pt

        Bold and italic

        Line spacing: single

        Indent: 0 cm

        Hanging 1.00 cm

    Heading 3:

        Font 10 pt.

        Bold, italic

        Line spacing: single

        Indent: 0 cm

        Hanging 1.25 cm


  • Footnotes and endnotes will not be published.

Figures and tables

  • Authors are responsible for the quality of the figures/tables submitted in the word file.
  • Authors must refer to the included figures/tables in the text.
  • Figures and tables must be consecutively numbered using Arabic numerals. Figures and tables have separate counts (i.e., there is a “Figure 1” and a “Table 1”).
  • Figures/tables are centered, with a 10pt font, and must have meaningful captions above (aligned left). Captions use a 10pt font in bold. There is a line below the caption.
  • The reader must be able to interpret figures/tables on a stand-alone basis. Thus, figures/tables need to have legends and sufficient information to interpret them. These are placed in or underneath the table in italics. There is a line underneath the legend.
  • Figures/tables may be supplied in color for online publication. Yet, black and white is recommended as offprints will not be available in color.
  • The figures/tables must be placed within two bold lines. This line can be created by holding down the underscore key and pressing enter – see examples in the manuscript template.