Multimodal Gestalts in Reformulating Practices in Language Cafés




reformulations, highlighting, L1-L2 interaction, conversations-for-learning, CA-SLA


This study focuses on the multimodal gestalts (Mondada, 2014) in unsolicited other-reformulations produced by L1 speaking volunteers in language cafés where visitors practice Swedish with volunteers from the local community. The unsolicited other-reformulations in our collection: (a) act as clarifications of what was said before, and (b) highlight (Goodwin, 2018; Majlesi, 2022/this issue) lexical items used in the prior turn, thereby orienting to them as learnables (Majlesi & Broth, 2012). Our findings suggest that multimodal gestalts in other-reformulations make parts of the original turn more visible and transparent for L2 speakers, and therefore make such parts salient for language learning.

Author Biography

Ali Reza Majlesi, Stockholm University

Ali Reza Majlesi received his PhD in Language and Culture from Linköping University, Sweden, and holds a position as a senior lecturer in the Department of Education at Stockholm University, Sweden. He conducts research on social interaction, with particular focus on embodied practices in social activities. He is interested in professional practices, health and communication in various multilingual and multicultural settings. His research methodology draws on ethnomethodological conversation analysis and multimodal analysis of social interaction. Address for correspondence: Department of Education, Stockholm University, Frescativ. 54, 106 91 Stockholm. Email:


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How to Cite

Kunitz, S., & Majlesi, A. R. (2022). Multimodal Gestalts in Reformulating Practices in Language Cafés. Social Interaction. Video-Based Studies of Human Sociality, 5(1).