The Multi-Sensory Training Benefit in Second Language Acquisition


  • Ida Marie Thomsen Krarup


second language acquisition, phonetics, cross-modal speech perception, multi-sensory training benefit


This article examines the role of multi-sensory input in the acquisition of non-native phonemes. First, it demonstrates that speech perception is not only auditory and that multi-sensory input such as audiovisual recordings of speech and tactile input from speech production aid the acquisition and comprehension of speech in one’s native language. Then, it examines studies that investigate the effectiveness of multimodal training compared to unimodal training when it comes to the identification of non-native phonemes. Based on the evidence presented, I argue that multi-sensory training aids the acquisition of non-native phonemes in some cases. However, when the additional modality provides no additional information, there seems to be no training benefit. There might be further limitations on the multi-sensory training benefit, such as whether it differs across native languages and can occur with other modalities than the audiovisual, but further research is needed to say anything conclusively in this area.

Author Biography

Ida Marie Thomsen Krarup

Ida Marie Thomsen Krarup is currently doing her bachelor’s degree in English at Aarhus University. Her research interests include cross-modal speech perception and second language acquisition.


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How to Cite

Krarup, I. M. T. (2023). The Multi-Sensory Training Benefit in Second Language Acquisition. Journal of Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift, 8(1), 5–15. Retrieved from