Lower Bounds for Dynamic Transitive Closure, Planar Point Location, and Parentheses Matching

  • Thore Husfeldt
  • Theis Rauhe
  • Søren Skyum

Abstract

We give a number of new lower bounds in the cell probe model
with logarithmic cell size, which entails the same bounds on the random access computer with logarithmic word size and unit cost operations. We study the signed prefix sum problem: given a string of length n of zeroes and signed ones, compute the sum of its ith prefix during updates. We show a
lower bound of  Omega(log n/log log n) time per operations, even if the prefix sums are bounded by log n/log log n during all updates. We also show that if the update time is bounded by the product of the worst-case update time and the
answer to the query, then the update time must be Omega(sqrt(log n/ log log n)).
These results allow us to prove lower bounds for a variety of seemingly unrelated
dynamic problems. We give a lower bound for the dynamic planar point location in monotone subdivisions of
Omega(log n/ log log n) per operation. We give
a lower bound for the dynamic transitive closure problem on upward planar graphs with one source and one sink of
Omega(log n/(log logn)^2) per operation. We give a lower bound of  Omega(sqrt(log n/log log n)) for the dynamic membership problem of any Dyck language with two or more letters. This implies the same
lower bound for the dynamic word problem for the free group with k generators. We also give lower bounds for the dynamic prefix majority and prefix equality problems.
Published
1996-01-09
How to Cite
Husfeldt, T., Rauhe, T., & Skyum, S. (1996). Lower Bounds for Dynamic Transitive Closure, Planar Point Location, and Parentheses Matching. BRICS Report Series, 3(9). https://doi.org/10.7146/brics.v3i9.19972