Scandinavian Studies in Language <p>-</p> en-US (Ulf Dalvad Berthelsen) (Ulf Dalvad Berthelsen) Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 Introduction Anita Berit Hansen, Erling Strudsholm Copyright (c) 2023 Anita Berit Hansen, Erling Strudsholm Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 On the interrelationship between linguistics and philosophy in Eugenio Coseriu’s scientific thinking <p style="font-weight: 400;">This article aims to show how closely interrelated philosophy and linguistics are in Eugenio Coseriu’s scientific thinking. It argues that Synchrony, Diachrony and History (SDH), one of the author's major works, cannot be conceived as a mere treatise on the problem of linguistic change, but needs to be recognised as a fundamental work for unravelling the epistemological principles that underpin the philosophical-scientific edifice of Coseriu’s linguistic theory. Based on SDH, it will be shown how, in this work, Coseriu insists on the errors of the approach and method that the causalist perspective promotes, how he advocates for the differentiation between natural sciences and human sciences and the consequent application, in the latter, of a finalist perspective, and finally how he describes the epistemic activities involved in resorting to the original knowledge or intuition that the linguist has as a speaker of the language under study.</p> Araceli López Serena Copyright (c) 2023 Araceli López Serena Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Between Linguistic Geography and Structural Linguistics <p style="font-weight: 400;">In this paper, we follow the development of Coseriu’s conceptual tools for variational linguistics during the 1950s. Our starting point is Pisani’s notion of “isogloss”, which Coseriu initially regarded as a core idea for his own approach and yet progressively abandoned in favour of the more structuralist-oriented notion of “functional language”, adopted in the wake of Louis Hjelmslev’s framework, through Leiv Flydal’s mediation. Finally, we speculate about the reasons and the implications of Coseriu’s failing to acknowledge Uriel Weinreich as an important source for variational linguistics.</p> Viggo Bank Jensen, Lorenzo Cigana Copyright (c) 2023 Viggo Bank Jensen, Lorenzo Cigana Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 The Diasystematic Status of the Diatopic Axis <p style="font-weight: 400;">This paper is anchored in the tradition of variationist linguistics of Germanic and Romance studies in Europe. In variationist linguistics, the dimension of ‘space’ is essential. According to Flydal (1952:245) this dimension is one of the “extrastructuralismes” which, together with the structures of language, forms the “architecture de langue”. The other important extrastructural dimension mentioned by Flydal is diastratic, i.e. social variation. Coseriu takes over these two notions from Flydal, adding a third dimension: the diaphasic variation (1969:148 ss.). A fourth dimension proposed by Koch &amp; Oesterreicher (1990), opposing the spoken vs written conception, implying the distinction between communicative immediacy or distance (the diamesic variation), was, however, not included by Coseriu. A number of publications and articles have recently questioned the theoretical basis of the three or four dimensions taken over from Flydal by Coseriu and further elaborated in the tradition of variationist linguistics in Romance and Germanic studies. My contribution focuses on the diatopic level, but intends to show, by means of a number of case studies, that this level cannot be considered independently of other variation factors.</p> Lene Schøsler Copyright (c) 2023 Lene Schøsler Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Diatopic variation in digital space <p style="font-weight: 400;">The availability of large amounts of social media text offers tremendous potential for studies of diatopic variation. A case in point is the linguistic geography of Texas, which is at present insufficiently described in traditional dialectological research. This paper summarises previous work on diatopic variation in Texas English on the basis of Twitter and presents an approach that foregrounds functional interpretability over a maximally clear geographical signal. In a multi-dimensional analysis based on 45 linguistic features in over 3 million tweets from across the state, two dimensions of variation are identified that pattern in geographically meaningful ways. The first of these relates to creative uses of typography and distinguishes urban centres from the rest of the state. The second dimension encompasses characteristics of interpersonal, spoken discourse and shows an East-West geographical divide. While the linguistic features of relevance for the dimensions are not generally considered in dialectological research, their geographic patterning reflects major tendencies attested in the literature on diatopic variation in Texas.<a href="applewebdata://0DCF9747-EBDC-49B3-AFDF-2393A2E28E09#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a></p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"> </p> <p><a href="applewebdata://0DCF9747-EBDC-49B3-AFDF-2393A2E28E09#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1">[1]</a>I am grateful to Alex Rosenfeld for sharing his data with me. This work was initially presented at a panel on Twitter in sociolinguistic research at NWAV 49, organised by Stef Grondelaers and Jane Stuart-Smith. I would like to thank both of them for giving me this opportunity and the attendees of the panel, especially Lars Hinrichs and Alex Rosenfeld, for fruitful discussion. Finally, my gratitude goes to Erling Strudsholm and Anita Berit Hansen for their invitation to participate on the Coseriu Symposium and their patience in organising this special issue.</p> Axel Bohmann Copyright (c) 2023 Axel Bohmann Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Battle as a sacred game <div> <p class="Default"><span lang="EN-GB">In my research, I propose a linguistic approach to skaldic praise poetry pursued and explained in the framework of <a name="_Hlk133735593"></a>Eugeniu Coseriu´s text linguistics. </span><span lang="EN-GB">My study aims to demonstrate the different degrees of integration of <em>battle</em>’s proper meaning, from a calculated strategy in pre-Christian poems, to performing a sacred game in later Christian skaldic poems </span><span class="cf01"><span lang="RO">and eventually to the insertion in a ready-made structure as a unit of repeated speech. Considering kenning metaphors as sequences of repeated speech, I will also investigate to what extent the idiocultural class of </span></span><span class="cf11"><span lang="RO">battle</span></span><span class="cf01"><span lang="RO">, employed in some biblical circumstances (1 Corinthians 9:24.26; 2 Timothy:2-5; 2 Timothy 4-7, etc.), suggests a cultural model engaged in a semantic tension with the old Norse setting of the eleventh century</span></span><span lang="EN-GB">. </span><span lang="EN-GB">In my study, I will identify and discuss the sequences of repeated speech (kennings) which designate the <em>battle </em>and I will clarify these tensions. Taking the theory of repeated speech as a point of departure, the discussion of these issues will be structured around three types of kennings for battle: <em>battle is storm, battle is senna </em>(fierce verbal duels)<em>, battle is a game to play</em>.</span></p> </div> Flavia Teoc Copyright (c) 2023 Flavia Teoc Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 Address pronouns in a diasystematic perspective <p style="font-weight: 400;">Our paper concerns different strategies of communication with respect to formality and politeness, and how these differences relate to the diasystematic dimensions. Our contrastive approach involves forms of address in French and Italian compared to Danish, German, and English norms and usage. Both Romance and Germanic languages have two systems of address pronouns with different levels of formality. There are, however, significant differences in usages in the respective languages, both typological and interlinguistic. Different language areas have different conventions for communication and politeness, and we believe that address forms reflect such socio-cultural differences. Our analyses of these differences are anchored in the diasystematic dimensions as proposed by Eugenio Coseriu, with special focus on the diaphasic variation and its intertwinement with diastratically conditioned factors.</p> Kirsten Jeppesen Kragh, Erling Strudsholm Copyright (c) 2023 Kirsten Jeppesen Kragh, Erling Strudsholm Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100 The appropriation of oral/spoken French by L2 learners <p style="font-weight: 400;">The expressions ‘oral French’ and ‘spoken French’ are often used as equivalents. However, they have implications that are far from trivial, especially when it comes to teaching the French language. In this article, we will attempt to point out the nuances behind the expressions oral and spoken French, through reflections on the diamesic and the diaphasic variational dimensions. Secondly, we shall present the implications that this perspective may entail when it comes to the teaching of French as a foreign language (FLE). This research on the teaching of spoken French will also allow us to take into consideration some issues and challenges in relation to the implementation of a ‘didactics of spoken French’. The presentation of examples from the fieldwork research will enable us to dig further into these questions.</p> Roberto Paternostro Copyright (c) 2023 Roberto Paternostro Tue, 19 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0100