Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology <p>Scandinavian countries provide a particular context for sport and exercise psychology due to the Scandinavian welfare model that provides different living and sporting conditions compared to many other countries. Research conducted in this context is unique but can inspire the world. The purpose of the Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology is to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences between researchers, practitioners, athletes, coaches and others with interest for sport and exercise psychology in Scandinavia. It is an open access journal published yearly by the Danish Sport Psychological Forum.</p> <p><a href="">Read more about the journal</a></p> en-US (¨Peter Elsborg) (Peter Elsborg) Wed, 10 Apr 2024 10:02:34 +0200 OJS 60 Psychiatric Disorders in Elite Athletes <p>Previous literature has described the importance of increased knowledge about the mental health of elite athletes. This systematic literature review aimed to investigate clinically diagnosed psychiatric disorders in elite athletes, including possible connections between being an elite athlete and psychiatric disorders. The databases EMBASE, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus and Psychinfo have been systematically searched from January 1975 to December 2022. Two authors have conducted title-, abstract- and full-text screening as well as quality assessment independently. The search identified 12,490 records up until December 2022. After a removal of duplicates and double screening, 11 studies consisting of 4,492 elite athletes were included. The mean age of the included athletes was 18.6 years, and most studies included were Scandinavian. Most studies investigated multiple types of sport simultaneously. Findings revealed that eating disorder was the most studied psychiatric disorder in this population, while depression and anxiety were more sparsely investigated. Furthermore, female athletes had a higher occurrence of both eating disorders, depression, and anxiety than male athletes. Additional studies based on diagnostic interviews need to be conducted to investigate possible associations between elite athletes and psychiatric disorders.</p> Katja Rungstrøm, Cathrine Hartung Frisk, Ditte Roth Hulgaard, Mia Beck Lichtenstein Copyright (c) 2024 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology Wed, 15 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Cultural Leadership in Physical Education and Youth Sport <p>This paper is the product of a Nordic Think Tank. The purpose was to unify experienced educators and expert researchers to (a) provide a set of working definitions for cultural leadership in physical education and youth sport, and (b) set an agenda for future research and educational practice in both contexts. A cultural leader is the professional and social role of a person who has legitimacy (is in the position) and responsibility to develop, maintain, and (if needed) attempt to change culture of a group of learners, such as pupils or athletes, in the service of good (i.e., helps pupils or athletes to thrive inside and outside school or sport; are continuing to learn, develop in a holistic way, and meet their potential). Six postulates representing consensus views of the invited group are proposed: (1) cultural leadership is a meta-function that permeates all other pedagogical functions of the physical education teacher and the youth sport coach; (2) today cultural leadership is more important than ever; (3) cultural leadership in physical education and youth sport must be in the service of good; (4) cultural leadership in physical education and youth sport requires specific competencies and virtues; (5) culture is co-produced, but the physical education teacher and youth sport coach have a special responsibility; (6) cultural leadership should be integrated in physical education teacher education and youth sport coach education in the future; and future research should explore teachers and coaches as cultural leaders to inform future educational practices.</p> Louise Kamuk Storm, Annemari Munk Svendsen, Natalia Stambulova, Dean Barker, Noora Ronkainen, Christian Thue Bjørndal, Signe Højbjerre Larsen, Robert Book Jr, Andreas Kuettel, Carsten Hvid Larsen, Kristoffer Henriksen Copyright (c) 2024 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology Wed, 10 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Investigating the relationship between achievement motive and performance in elite-level football goalkeepers <p>The goalkeeper position in football is highly specific. Investigating the achievement motive of elite-level goalkeepers might help football coaches in general, goalkeeping coaches, and sports psychologists to gain insight into and knowledge of the approaches needed for enhancing the performance of this unique position within the football team. This study aimed to examine the achievement motive for male goalkeepers playing at the elite level in Denmark (<em>n</em> = 34) and Iceland (<em>n</em> = 20) and to investigate the relationship between the achievement motive, age and performance. In addition to biographical questions, the study employed the Achievement Motives Scale – Sport. The findings from the present study suggest that goalkeepers are characterized by higher hope for success than fear of failure values, like other elite athletes, while younger goalkeepers had significantly higher fear of failure. There were no differences between starting and non-starting goalkeepers, but we found that performance level was associated with fear of failure when controlling for the goalkeeper’s status (starters versus non-starters) and playing country. Finally, goalkeepers playing in Denmark showed lower fear of failure than goalkeepers playing in Iceland. Implications for practice and future research are discussed.</p> Esben Elholm Madsen, Tina Hansen, Dadi Rafnsson, Peter Krustrup, Carsten Hvid Larsen, Anne-Marie Elbe Copyright (c) 2024 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology Wed, 10 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Examining the effects of the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) programme on sport-specific dispositional mindfulness, sport anxiety, and experiential acceptance in Martial Arts <p>The aim of the study was to examine effects of the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) programme on sport-specific dispositional mindfulness, sport anxiety, and experiential acceptance, compared to an inactive control group, in a population of Martial Arts (MA) athletes. Twenty-three MA athletes were subjected to the MAC intervention, and 22 MA athletes comprised the control group. To analyse potential differences in the outcome variables between the two groups, Bayesian repeated measures analysis of variance (RM-ANOVA) was used. Findings showed that the MAC-group had greater increases over time in the sport-specific mindfulness subscales awareness and acceptance and acceptance, compared to the control group. In contrast, no interaction effects were found for present moment attention (AMQ), experiential acceptance (BEAQ), and sport anxiety (SAS-2). Overall, the present study adds further information and understanding about the effectiveness and implementation of the MAC programme.</p> Torbjörn Josefsson, Henrik Gustafsson, Paul Robinson, Magnus Cedenblad, Elin Sievert, Andreas Ivarsson Copyright (c) 2024 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology Wed, 10 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0200