Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology https://tidsskrift.dk/sjsep <p>Scandinavian countries provide a particular context for sport and exercise psychology due to the Scandinavian welfare model that provides different living and sporting conditions compared to many other countries. Research conducted in this context is unique but can inspire the world. The purpose of the Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology is to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences between researchers, practitioners, athletes, coaches and others with interest for sport and exercise psychology in Scandinavia. It is an open access journal published yearly by the Danish Sport Psychological Forum.</p> <p><a href="https://tidsskrift.dk/sjsep/about">Read more about the journal</a></p> Dansk Idrætspsykologisk Forum en-US Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2596-741X Shared Features of Successful Interorganizational Collaboration to Promote Local Talent Development Environments in Denmark https://tidsskrift.dk/sjsep/article/view/121379 <p>The aim of this study was to explore 11 case examples of successful talent development collaborations between sport federations, municipalities, and local clubs in Denmark in order to identify potential shared features of successful collaborations. We hypothesized that each case example would be unique, but that they would also share features that could be organized to provide practitioners with a model to guide the improvement of their practice. Grounded in the holistic ecological approach, the study was designed as a multiple case study to facilitate a cross-case analysis. Three Danish sport federations (handball, ice hockey, and swimming), nine municipalities, and eleven local clubs participated in the study, and the data was generated from 23 semi-structured interviews with stakeholders. Analysis led to the construction of six shared features of successful interorganizational collaboration organized into: (1) a list of features (SFIC-TD) with positive and opposite pole descriptors and three categories: collaborative philosophy, collaborative decisions, and collaborative actions, and (2) an applied framework termed the pyramid model for optimization of interorganizational collaboration in talent development (PIC-TD) which illustrates how the abovementioned categories lead to collaborative outcomes. Developing a shared philosophy of talent development was found to be a foundational starting point for successful collaboration between relevant organizations on the micro- and macro-level to improve the local athletic talent development environment.</p> Ole Mathorne Natalia Stambulova Rob Book Louise Kamuk Storm Kristoffer Henriksen Copyright (c) 2021 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 3 2 12 10.7146/sjsep.v3i.121379 Maintaining dual career balance: A scenario perspective on Swedish university student-athletes’ experiences and coping https://tidsskrift.dk/sjsep/article/view/125734 <p>A dual career (DC) scenario perspective was introduced in the Erasmus+ Sports project “Gold in education and elite sport” (GEES) and is characterized by integration of student-athletes’ athletic and non-athletic demands into difficult situations or periods (i.e., scenarios) requiring coping efforts. In this study we consider balance as the primary challenge for student-athletes and set out to identify DC scenarios that influenced university student-athletes’ optimal DC balance, and the factors involved in coping with such scenarios. We implemented a post-positivist qualitative design through semi-structured interviews with six university student-athletes. Our thematic analysis generated seven DC scenarios (e.g., <em>A sport event coincides with exams</em>, and <em>F</em><em>inalize degree project and continue to train and compete</em>). The scenarios, their characteristics and student-athletes’ corresponding coping are described. Based on the findings, we suggest an updated definition of DC scenarios and present their taxonomy, with four types of DC scenarios in which student-athletes’ circumstances require (a) several shifts between sport and study in daily life, (b) prioritizing sport while maintaining study, (c) prioritizing study while maintaining sport, and (d) prioritizing personal life while maintaining sport and study. We discuss how these developments can be useful for DC research and practice.</p> Lukas Linnér Natalia Stambulova Kristina Ziegert Copyright (c) 2021 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2021-09-29 2021-09-29 3 47 55 10.7146/sjsep.v3i.125734 In a Football Bubble and Beyond https://tidsskrift.dk/sjsep/article/view/121756 <p>The objectives of this study were: (1) to explore cultural transition pathways of Swedish professional football players relocated to another European country, (2) to identify shared themes in their transition narratives. We interviewed three professional players who in their early twenties relocated to Italy, Turkey, and Switzerland, and then analyzed their stories using holistic and categorical analyses following the narrative oriented inquiry (NOI) model (Hiles &amp; Čermák, 2008). The holistic analysis resulted in creating three core narratives (i.e., re-telling of the participants’ stories) entitled: &nbsp;<em>Preparing for the worst-case scenario and saved by dedication to football; Showing interest for the host culture and carrying responsibility as a foreign player; </em>and <em>A step for personal development: from homesickness to being hungry for more</em>. The categorical analysis resulted in 12 shared themes from the players’ stories arranged around three phases of the cultural transition model (Ryba et al., 2016). In the <em>pre-transition</em> all the participants were established players searching for new professional opportunities. In the <em>acute cultural adaptation phase</em>, they all prioritized adjustment in football (e.g., fitting in the team, performing). In the <em>socio-cultural adaptation phase,</em> they broaden their perspectives and realized that finding a meaningful life outside of football was just as important to function and feel satisfied as football success.</p> Ellinor Susanne Söderlund Natalia B Stambulova Copyright (c) 2021 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 3 13 23 10.7146/sjsep.v3i.121756 A Qualitative Meta-Study of a Decade of the Holistic Ecological Approach to Talent Development https://tidsskrift.dk/sjsep/article/view/128317 <p>The Holistic-Ecological Approach (HEA) was introduced in 2010, and it is now important to provide a critical review after a decade of research elaborating on the framework. The purpose of this study was to critically assess the methodological and theoretical trends in research using the HEA in the study of athletic talent development environments (ATDE). We used a qualitative meta-study to review twelve studies published from 2010 to the first quarter of 2021. Our meta-theory analysis found that future studies should consider the use of Bronfenbrenner’s work on development and address previous critiques on its use since it can limit the potential of the HEA re-search. In the meta-methods, we found that all studies used multiple and varied data collection strategies (e.g., interviews, observations, organisational documents). We also found a high degree of transparency and rigour exemplified by using multiple validity strategies. Method weaknesses were an underrepresentation of neutral or negative cases. The meta-data analysis showed that most ATDEs were classified as successful or unsuccessful ahead of data collection, suggesting potential confirmation bias. We also found that all ATDEs had competing findings, which suggests a need for exploring negative or ambiguous findings. Future research could benefit from clarifying the use of underlying theoretical assumptions; contrasting findings with neutral cases, outliers, and negative cases to clarify the definition of successful ATDEs; and expanding on the methodological approach.</p> Niels B. Feddersen Robert Morris Noora Ronkainen Stig Arve Sæther Martin Littlewood David Richardson Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 3 24 39 10.7146/sjsep.v3i.128317 The balancing act of combining school and football in the transition from a non-professional club into junior-elite academy football https://tidsskrift.dk/sjsep/article/view/128322 <p>Football players in the transition from junior-to-senior are usually involved in dual careers, combining school and football – a process that makes them dependent on a holistic talent-development journey. The aim of the current study was to describe how male junior elite football players (N=10; 5=living at home, 5=living away from home) perceived stressors in the transition from a non-professional club into a junior elite academy. Furthermore, the school transition (between lower- and upper-secondary school) and social transition (based on the school and football transitions) as a consequence of the football transition into academy football. Based on Wylleman and Lavallee’s (2004) and Stambulova’s (2003) models, the data were analysed based on the following three levels in the transitions: athletic, academic - and psycho-social. The main perceived stressors in the football transition (athletic level) were new performance demands, which impacted them both physically (e.g., quality of training) and psychologically (e.g., self-esteem and well-being). Perceived stressors in the school transition (academic level) were related to increased academic workload and expectations, and academic achievement. Perceived stressors related to the social transition (psycho-social level) among the players that have chosen to live away from home were new roommates and doing more housework, even though they adapted quickly to the new requirements. Both groups highlighted the importance of having a social network (friends, leisure activity) outside of football, so they got to relax and not always think about football or school. The study findings suggest that maintaining dual careers introduces stressors for most players – independent of living at home or away from home.</p> Marius Solhaug Rune Høigaard Stig Arve Sæther Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-23 2021-08-23 3 40 46 10.7146/sjsep.v3i.128322