Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2022-01-27T14:54:55+01:00 ¨Peter Elsborg Open Journal Systems <p>Scandinavian countries provide a particular context for sport and exercise psychology due to the Scandinavian welfare model that provides different living and sporting conditions compared to many other countries. Research conducted in this context is unique but can inspire the world. The purpose of the Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology is to collect and disseminate knowledge and experiences between researchers, practitioners, athletes, coaches and others with interest for sport and exercise psychology in Scandinavia. It is an open access journal published yearly by the Danish Sport Psychological Forum.</p> <p><a href="">Read more about the journal</a></p> Investigating an Online Course for Player Psychosocial Development in Elite Sport (Professional Football) 2021-03-26T14:00:04+01:00 Lee Richardson Ricardo Lugo Andrea Firth <p>The scope of this study was to examine the perceived effectiveness of an online course based on an applied psychological model (The Four Pillars ©). The course was developed for the Professional Footballers’ Association (PFA) for young professional players, to assist in the process of transition into the professional game and to promote psychosocial development. We investigated how an online course might assist in the process of professional and psychosocial development by providing contextually relevant and evidence-based sport psychological concepts and principles that are relevant for maintaining a career in elite sport (football) and transitioning into the professional game. A total of n=219 16-18-year-old professional players and n=18 club staff members completed the eight modules of the online course. A post-course online survey was completed by both sets of participants and data was collected online. Both qualitative and quantitative data was collected. Qualitative data was based on thematic analysis of experiences given by the participants while quantitative data explored associations and differences between coaches and players. Findings indicate that both coaches and players found the online course beneficial in raising awareness of the demands that elite professional football can place upon mental health, and providing the potential to develop psychological literacy around relevant psychological coping and performance skills that may promote improved performance and provide a protective mechanism for mental health. Future studies should focus on the real-world efficacy of the online course in the development of psychological skills and the protection of mental health.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Psychological literacy, Psycho-social development, Professional football, Elite sport, Academy, Mental health</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> 2022-01-27T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology Depressive Symptoms in Danish Elite Athletes Using the Major Depressive Inventory (MDI) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) 2021-09-17T13:18:57+02:00 Andreas Kuettel Anna Melin Carsten H Larsen Mia Beck Lichtenstein <p><em>Background</em>: The prevalence of depressive symptoms among athletes is an ongoing debate in the scientific literature.</p> <p><em>Aims:</em> The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Danish elite athletes and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Major Depressive Inventory (MDI) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in athletes.</p> <p><em>Methods:</em> The total sample comprised 996 athletes from two cross-sectional studies using the MDI (<em>n</em> = 409) and the CES-D (<em>n</em> = 587).</p> <p><em>Results:</em> Using the original cut-off points, the MDI found 8.6% and the CES-D found 22.0% at risk of depression. Using alternative cut-off points recommended in the literature, both instruments detected 10-11% of athletes at risk of depression. No statistically significant differences were found related to age, injury, and type of sport between high risk and low risk groups, whereas female gender was identified as a risk factor for higher depressive symptoms. Principal component analyses confirmed a single factor structure in both instruments with sufficient item loadings on the first component and Cronbach α values of .89 and .88.</p> <p><em>Discussion:</em> We recommend regular screening of depressive symptoms in elite athletes, with MDI and CES-D as reliable instrument for that purpose.</p> 2022-01-27T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Scandinavian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology