Proceedings of the Danish Institute at Athens https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia The Danish Institute at Athens en-US Proceedings of the Danish Institute at Athens 1108-149X <p>The authors and Proceedings of the Danish Institute at Athens own the copyright to the published articles and reviews.</p> Preface https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24128 Rune Frederiksen Søren Handberg ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 5 5 An essay on the extent and significance of the Greek athletic culture in the classical period https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24129 N/A Thomas Heine Nielsen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 11 35 The Piraeus and the Athenian navy: recent archaeological and historical advances https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24130 N/A Vincent Gabrielsen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 37 48 On the lion harbour and other harbours in Miletos: recent historical, archaeological, sedimentological, and geophysical research https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24132 N/A Helmut Brückner Alexander Herda Marc Müllenhoff Wolfgang Rabbel Harald Stümpel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 49 103 The historical context of the city wall of Messene: preconditions, written sources, success balance, and societal impacts https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24133 In this article I analyse the historical circumstances surrounding<br />the construction of the city wall of Messene in<br />the Peloponnese, the information which can be gathered<br />from ancient written sources about this fortification in<br />general and its success later on in Antiquity, as well as its<br />impact upon the people living within it. Finally I consider<br />in what way the monument itself may be taken as a source<br />for the history of those times. Silke Müth ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 105 122 Emplekton technique in fortification at Ithome/Messene, Megalopolis, and Mantineia: the work of Theban military engineers? https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24134 N/A James Roy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 123 131 Kephallenia Masonry https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24135 N/A Klavs Randsborg ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 133 144 Hellenistic pottery - content and methodology https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24136 N/A Stella Drougou ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 145 156 Immortalised in Marble: Lord Byron portrayed by Bertel Thordvaldsen https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24137 In 1817, the Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen executed by request a plaster bust of the young poet Lord<br />Byron in his studio in Rome. It became one of the most celebrated portraits of Byron, and a number of plaster<br />and marble copies of the bust are to be found in museums and private collections in Europe and North<br />America today. Some years after the modelling of the bust, after Byron’s premature death in Greece, Thorvaldsen<br />accepted yet another commission: a full-size marble statue of the poet, meant to be erected in his<br />commemoration in Westminster Abbey, London. Thorvaldsen accepted, and work began promptly. Whilst<br />making his preparations for this full-size marble portrait of Byron, he executed two plaster models – the<br />bodies identical, but with different heads. The head of one of them, the one that would later be executed in<br />marble, was a replica of the 1817 bust; only minor changes were made before Thorvaldsen began carving the<br />marble statue in 1831. This article provides a closer look at four full-size statues of Byron in their current contexts:<br />two plaster models in Denmark, a plaster cast in Greece, and the final marble monument in England. Karen Nystrøm Simonsen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 159 172 The Greek-Swedish excavations at Kastelli, Khania 2001: a preliminary report https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24138 During five weeks in June and July 2001 a small supplementary<br />excavation was carried out at the Ag. Aikaterini<br />Square. The purpose of the excavation was to clarify some<br />problems and test some ideas before the final publication<br />of the forthcoming volumes of the Greek–Swedish<br />Excavations (GSE). For the Late Minoan IIIA:2/<br />IIIB:1 period there was a question about the supposed<br />north-western wall of Building 1, Space G.3 It was therefore<br />decided to open a new trench (Trench 33) within the<br />area 508‑510/709.5‑714 (Fig. 1) – a trench which would<br />possibly also reveal further information on the two LM I<br />destructions noted in House IV of the LM I period. For<br />the LM I period there were three more objectives: (a) to<br />find out whether House I, Room K (Fig. 1) incorporated<br />a lustral basin in an earlier phase; (b) to investigate extensively<br />the drainage system of the excavated buildings<br />and their connection to the “public” drain running in the<br />street between Houses I and II; and (c) to investigate the<br />stratified remains from the MM and EM periods still left<br />in the baulk between trenches 1 and 2 and 2 and 4, which<br />were excavated in 1970. But in opening two new areas important<br />supplementary information was revealed, related<br />to periods which were not directly under investigation.<br />Here follows a presentation of the 2001 excavation, period<br />by period from surface to bedrock. Erik Hallager Yannis Tzedakis Maria Andreadaki-Vlazaki ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 175 207 Excavations at the Aghia Aikateriki square, Kaselli, Khania 2005 and 2008: a preliminary report https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24139 In January 2005 the Greek–Swedish Excavations and the<br />Danish Institute at Athens were approached by the 25th<br />Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical antiquities to assist<br />the excavations conducted by the Ephorate in connection<br />with the construction of a protective roof over the Agia<br />Aikaterini Square, where the Greek–Swedish Excavations<br />had been going on since 1969. The proposal was gratefully<br />accepted. The excavations were carried out during the<br />period 1st April to 6th September 2005. Altogether 46 trial<br />tests (marked on Fig. 1) were made. Apart from the trial<br />tests, an area in the eastern part of the square was also<br />included in the excavation programme (Trenches 34‑36,<br />cf. Fig. 1). Here, three Linear B tablets were found in situ,<br />in 1990. The field directors of the excavation were Dr.<br />Maria Andreadaki-Vlazaki and Dr. Erik Hallager. In 2008,<br />when the drawings for the protective roof had finally been<br />approved by the Ministry of Culture, more trial tests were<br />carried out together with cleaning in Trenches 34 and 35.<br />This work took place during the period 1st September to<br />15th December and was conducted by the 25th Ephorate<br />under the direction of Dr. Maria Andreadaki-Vlazaki.<br />Chronologically the excavation covered a period of c.<br />5000 years of continuous history of the town of Khania. It will be presented stratigraphically from top to bottom,<br />that is, from the present surface down to bedrock. Maria Andreadaki-Vlazaki Erik Hallager ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 195 207 The Greek-Swedish-Danish excavations at Kastelli, Khania 2010: a preliminary report https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24140 During six weeks from 19 July to 27 August the Greek–<br />Swedish–Danish Excavations continued work in the Ag.<br />Aikaterini Square on the Kastelli Hill. The area under<br />investigation was situated within 524‑536/722‑731 of the<br />site plan and included further investigations in previously<br />excavated trenches from 1965, 1969, 2005, and 2008. The<br />main aim of the excavation was to investigate Building 2 of<br />the LM IIIA:2 and LM IIIB:1 periods, which had proved<br />extremely productive in previous excavations. Here Linear<br />B tablets had been found in situ in 1990 (Room E,<br />Fig. 1), and a complete inscribed stirrup jar was discovered<br />in 2005 (Room B) which indicates that its contents<br />were of royal property (Fig. 1). Erik Hallager Yannis Tzedakis Maria Andreadaki-Vlazaki ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 209 220 The Danish-Greek excavations at Kalydon, Aitolia: the theatre. Preliminary report from the 2011 and 2012 campaigns https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24141 In the summer of 2011 the Danish–Greek excavations at<br />Kalydon entered a new phase with the Ancient Theatre<br />of Kalydon Project. The project, which is a synergasia<br />between the 36th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical<br />Antiquities in Mesolonghi and the Danish Institute at<br />Athens, aims at a total excavation of the theatre of Kalydon<br />over three campaigns; these will then be published<br />in monographic form, hopefully by 2015. The campaign<br />in 2011 lasted for five weeks and the workforce comprised<br />employees from the Ephorate and the Danish Institute,<br />together with local workmen and students from five European<br />universities.<br />The theatre of Kalydon has been known as a monument<br />since 1963, when constructions for the highway between<br />Nafpaktos and Agrinio exposed a series of steps on the<br />south side of the hill of the sanctuary of Artemis Laphria,<br />situated south of the city of Kalydon, some 350 m outside<br />the city walls (Fig. 1). Some soundings were made by Euthymios<br />Mastrokostas, the archaeologist then responsible for Aitolia, and it was decided that the road should be<br />constructed some 200 m further south. A brief report was<br />published in which the theatre was described as a bouleuterion.<br />A corner of seat-rows were left exposed and the<br />monument was forgotten about until 2001, when the Danish–<br />Greek excavations at Kalydon were re-initiated. Olympia Vikatou Rune Frederiksen Søren Handberg ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 221 234 Zea harbour project: preliminary report 2009-2010 https://tidsskrift.dk/pdia/article/view/24142 During the 2009 and 2010 seasons, the Zea Harbour Project<br />(ZHP), under the Danish Institute at Athens and<br />supervised by the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities,<br />conducted surface cleaning, excavation, survey dives, and<br />digital survey in the two ancient naval harbours of the<br />Piraeus: Mounichia (modern Mikrolimano; Figs. 1‑2)<br />and Zea (today also called Pashalimani; Figs. 1, 3). The<br />Carlsberg Foundation has generously provided the funding<br />for our fieldwork and research. The following report<br />summarises the most significant results of the 2009 and<br />2010 campaigns. Bjørn Lovén Mads Møller Nielsen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2014-08-09 2014-08-09 7 235 240