Nordic Journal of Library and Information Studies 2022-06-16T11:58:31+02:00 Lisa Börjesson Open Journal Systems <p>Nordic Journal of Library and Information Studies, NJLIS, is a scholarly peer reviewed open access journal, covering scientific issues and current trends in Library and Information Studies. Nordic Journal of Library and Information Studies publishes Nordic and international peer reviewed LIS articles and reviews of significant LIS literature.</p> Plastic policies 2020-10-30T06:37:45+01:00 Johanna Rivano Eckerdal Hanna Carlsson <p>This study explores how democracy—often understood as an abstract concept or a location- transcending, intangible phenomenon—is produced, shaped and continuously reshaped through local library practices in certain places and under local conditions at a specific point in time. To better understand potential conflicts and/or tensions that might arise between the three levels of Swedish library policy at a time when values enshrined in the Swedish democratic model are being challenged by political right-wing populism, we explored the potential influence on and enactment of policy documents in public libraries day-to-day practice. We did so by conducting an ethnographic study of five municipalities in Sweden’s Skåne County. Our study was theoretically informed by practice theory and the view of democracy as an ongoing process and a plurality. Our findings showed that policy documents are often internalized by library staff. The influence of the democratic mission established in the <em>Swedish Library Act</em> , in particular, was evident in the way library staff carried out their work. One tension created by the “democratic paradox” (i.e., the requirement that a democracy allow opponents of the democratic form of rule a voice) was evident in library policy enactments, inasmuch as librarians adopted different stances towards the neutrality norm. Thus, in practice, what appear to be rigid, inflexible policy documents are in fact plastic and mouldable. This plasticity allows room for librarians to legitimately promote democracy. Although public librarians spend much time engaging with various policy documents, they consider it time well spent and value the result. Public libraries appear as locations where different levels of cultural policy interconnect. In their role as public institutions, they also have a mission to fulfil in honoring the democratic paradox via a praxis that includes support for democracy as one of their goals.</p> 2022-06-16T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Johanna Rivano Eckerdal, Hanna Carlsson ”Det känns som att jag bara sitter och väntar på att det ska explodera” - politisk påverkan på de kommunala folkbibliotekens verksamhet i sex sydsvenska regioner. 2022-03-16T09:10:29+01:00 Hanna Carlsson Fredrik Hanell Joacim Hansson <p>Public libraries are one of several institutions that uphold Swedish democracy. The representative liberal democratic model, expressed in the Library Act, is increasingly being questioned and challenged. Political actors, mainly from the radical right, advocate a democracy focused on the will of the people at the expense of the rights of individuals. With the notion of plural agonistics, public libraries can be seen as important arenas for debates and meetings between people, offering ways to handle conflicts within democratic institutions. Methodologically, this study employs the perspective of institutional ethnography, and the aim of this paper is to develop knowledge about public libraries’ experiences of political pressure and how this is enacted in a time of political turbulence. This paper reports findings from the first stage of a survey study directed at public library managers in 77 municipalities from the six southernmost regions of Sweden. Based on replies in these surveys, interviews were conducted with seven of the participating library managers. Findings show that the interplay between libraries and the local political level, and between national and local political levels, generally functions without notable opposition. Illegitimate political pressure is uncommon, but when it occurs, it is primarily triggered by issues connected to cultural diversity. Results further indicate that local public libraries tend to respond to illegitimate political pressure by development and use of professional policy documents, but also, in some cases, by avoiding certain activities.</p> 2022-06-16T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Hanna Carlsson, Fredrik Hanell, Joacim Hansson Bibliotekarer som aktivister i Danmark og Sverige 2022-03-04T10:40:58+01:00 Anne-Sofie Elbrønd Nissen Nanna Kann-Rasmussen <p>This article concerns differences in the types of conflicts related to librarians acting as activists in Denmark and Sweden. The conflicts in Denmark are limited and mainly of internal character while the conflicts in Sweden are debated in more broadly in the field.</p> <p>Through the Orders of Worth framework by Boltanski &amp; Thévenot the article analyses interviews with both Danish and Swedish librarians. The analysis shows that activism in Denmark is considered an appropriate description for library work that involves doing more than making materials available in working towards social justice. In Sweden, the understanding of activism is more problematic and the Swedish informants in the article do not see themselves as activists, nor the library’s work for social justice as activism. The article shows that Danish librarians work strategically with activism through partnerships. In contrast, the Swedish librarians justify their work by focusing on work done for the good of society or certain groups, since this is considered the best possible position in order to avoid conflict, as the library institution itself also is justified from this perspective. Finally, the article discusses the cultural policy-climate in both countries and shows, that libraries and the cultural field in general have been low on society’s agenda in Denmark, while there is an ongoing ideological conflict in Sweden between left- and rightwing political actors and between national and local levels of government. Overall, the article shows that the difference in the conflicts related to activism in libraries in Denmark and Sweden must take the cultural policy climate in each country in to account, but that it is important for the understanding of the conflict to discuss how actors justify their work for social change.</p> 2022-06-16T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anne-Sofie Elbrønd Nissen, Nanna Kann-Rasmussen Editorial 2022-06-15T15:31:25+02:00 Lisa Engström Fredrik Hanell Ola Pilerot 2022-06-16T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Lisa Engström, Fredrik Hanell, Ola Pilerot Book review: New health information literacies 2022-06-16T11:10:05+02:00 Olof Sundin <p>Book review of Anna-Maija Multas (2022) <em>New health information literacies. A nexus analytical study,</em> Acta universitatis Ouluensis B Humaniora 192, University of Oulu, Oulu</p> 2022-06-16T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Olof Sundin Book review: Development of online research skills among lower secondary school students 2022-06-16T11:20:47+02:00 Gunilla Widén <p>Book review of Tuulikki Alamettälä (2022) <em>Development of online research skills among lower secondary school students: The roles of formal instruction and personal factors, </em>Tampere University Dissertations; No. 537, Tampere University, Tampere</p> 2022-06-16T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gunilla Widén Book review: Sound reading. Exploring and conceptualising audiobook practices among young adults 2022-06-16T11:32:04+02:00 Terje Colbjørnsen <p>Book review of Elisa Tattersall Wallin (2022) <em>Sound reading. Exploring and conceptualising audiobook practices among young adults,</em> Doctoral Thesis University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT</p> 2022-06-16T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Terje Colbjørnsen