MedieKultur: Journal of media and communication research 2020-02-22T04:05:43+01:00 Christian Hviid Mortensen Open Journal Systems Journal of media and communication research Intimacy and visual communication in social media 2020-02-22T04:05:18+01:00 Anne Mette Thorhauge Jakob Johan Demant Stinne Gunder Strøm Krogager <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Sharing (intimate) photos has become an integral part of close relationships in the age<br>of social media. Most young people use social media as a way to establish and main-<br>tain strong social ties rather than as a way of connecting to public life. This pattern of<br>use includes the sharing of photos and videos with intimate and sexual content, such<br>as nudes, intimate situations, and other types of self-disclosure. Given that the primary public and academic interest has been related to situations where the process has gone wrong and people have been hurt, these photos and videos are often associated with risk, worries, and moral disdain. However, these cases are part of a broader range of social practices, which are for the most part unproblematic and mundane. The sharing of inti- mate photos should be acknowledged as part of a more general act of (mutual) self-dis- closure to establish trust as well as an non-patalogical exploration of sexuality and social identities. In both cases, the sharing of intimate photos becomes part of more general processes of intimacy and close relationships that we should be careful not to reject or problematize as a whole. Accordingly, in this themed issue we would like to move beyond the stories of problem youth and move instead towards a more empirically grounded and systematic analysis of the complex ways in which the sharing of intimate photos becomes part of everyday life practices, including friendship, courtship, trust, and intimacy.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2020-02-20T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Intimitet og visuel kommunikation i sociale medier 2020-02-22T04:05:08+01:00 Anne Mette Thorhauge <p>Hverdagens intime og seksuelle relationer er flyttet ind i sociale medier og på digitale platforme. Vi hører mest om det, når det går galt og skandalerne ruller, men hvis vi skal forstå disse enkeltstående og ekstreme sager, må vi også forstå konteksten: Digitale medier og visuel kommunikation som en naturlig del af hverdagens intime og seksuelle relationer, en måde at være kærester, gøre tilnærmelser og lege med sin seksualitet på. Derfor kredser dette temanummer om intimitet og visuel kommunikation i sociale medier. Artiklerne er alle på engelsk og adresserer et internationalt forskningsmiljø, men nummeret tager samtidig direkte afsæt i en specifik dansk debat og nogle specifikke danske sager. Derfor har vi inviteret Liva Manghezi og Louise Kjølsen ind i en samtale intimitet og visuel kommunikation i sociale medier der måske kan danne bro mellem den danske debat og den internationale forskning på området.</p> 2020-02-20T11:33:36+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## “Tailored pornography” 2020-02-22T04:05:01+01:00 Sidsel Harder Julie Johanne Vittet Bentzen Jakob Johan Demant Claire Maxwell <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Drawing on 17 qualitative interviews with women aged 18–22, this paper explores how sexting practices are related to views on and uses of pornography. While pornography was found to be an important reference point for participants in their sexting, sexted images were actively tailored to differentiate themselves from porn in three ways. First, private images were to be less explicit and more realistic in terms of content. Second, unlike pornography, which was seen as one-sided, sex- ting relied on reciprocity and intimacy. Third, participants were careful to explicitly state what they were consenting to when sexting and, although a few were turned on by coercive fantasies found in porn, they clearly demarcated such experiences from those they wanted in their sexting relationships. This paper examines women’s active engagement with pornography to extend our understanding of the relationship between sexting and mundane media use, specifically in this case pornography.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2020-02-20T11:55:11+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Friends, lovers, risk and intimacy: risk-taking as a socially meaningful practice 2020-02-22T04:05:27+01:00 Anne Mette Thorhauge Mareike Bonitz <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">In this article we aim to analyse and discuss the notion of risk in photo-sharing practices and the purposes risk serves in the development of intimate relationships. We will argue that risk in the form of self-disclosure is an inseparable aspect of intimate photo-sharing rather than an undesirable side-effect, and that a broader analytical perspective on the role of risk in the development of intimate relationships allows us to understand risky photo-sharing as socially meaningful practice. We will unfold and elaborate this theoretical perspective on the basis of five focus-group interviews with 21 German high schools students aged 14 to 17. The interviews focus on the participants’ sharing practices, and the role risk plays in relation to these practices. The data indicates that risk does indeed serve a social purpose as a way of ‘proving friendship’. Yet, it also indicates that the young people in question are more willing to accept risk related to ‘friendly intimacy’ as compared to ‘romantic intimacy’. We will discuss the possible background for this difference as well as its wider methodological and theoretical implications.&nbsp;</span></p> 2020-02-20T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Homosocial positionings and ambivalent participation 2020-02-22T04:05:43+01:00 Morten Birk Hansen Mandau <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Although quantitative studies have found gender differences in the non-consensual sharing of privately produced sexual images, few studies have explored how these sharing practices are shaped by the gendered social interactions in which they take place. Drawing on qualitative data from seven same-sex focus group interviews, this study examines the non-consensual sharing and viewing of sexual images among young adults. The investigation shows how the non-consensual sharing and view- ing of sexting images is shaped by homosocial interactions and functions in gen- dered patterns of positioning, characterized by status enhancement among boys and visual gossiping among girls. However, the study also finds that young adults’ participation in these sharing practices is ambivalent, as they experience being both drawn to sexual images due to their private and authentic character, and repelled by them owing to the wrongfulness and illegality of sharing them. These findings are discussed in relation to research on youth sexting.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2020-02-20T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Traveling imagery 2020-02-22T04:04:41+01:00 Penille Kærsmose Bøegh Rasmussen Dorte Marie Søndergaard <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>How is the sexualized digital imagery that young people engage in enacted and spread? How are negotiations of normativity reshaped by analogue-digital involve- ment? This study travels through shady as well as easily accessible parts of the web, combining insights with analogue research approaches in trying to contemplate these questions in new ways. We use digital ethnography, analogue fieldwork, inter- views, and helpline cases to study how young people’s sexualized imagery moves through and transforms across boundless networks, and also across digital and analogue space. Thinking with new materialist analytics, we show how these move- ments blur the distinction between mundane and abusive practices, and how the opaque and indeterminate character of the material functions as a game changer and affects what it means to be young in gendered communities. Although the effects vary among different young people and among different social groups, in all cases they infiltrate conditions for becoming, positioning, and relating.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2020-02-20T12:38:29+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Defying shame 2020-02-22T04:04:36+01:00 Signe Uldbjerg Mortensen <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This article gives voice to Mathilde, Karen and Amalie: Three young women who had intimate images of themselves shared non-consensually online. Their experi- ences help build a framework for categorising digital sexual assault (DSA), as<br>well as giving insight into how shame, in cases of DSA, connects to social media affordances. The empirical data was produced during four creative writing work- shops. The participants described their experiences during these workshops and they collectively developed strategies for defying shame. This article analyses their experiences of shame, their shame-defying strategies, and the role that social media played in forming types of aggressors and assault experiences. I present what I call the onlooker as a digitally augmented aggressor and I show how this aggressor inflicts shame through the look, as described by Sartre. This results in a discussion of imaginary, progressive contra-shaming, which is one of the four coping strategies that showed empowering potential in relation to DSA.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2020-02-20T14:55:25+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## To be a Bookeater 2020-02-22T04:05:35+01:00 Rasmus Grøn Anne-Mette Albrechtslund <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Today, adolescent fiction readers are increasingly engaged in different forms of ‘social reading’ in online communities. Through an analysis of, a Danish site for adolescent readers, we show how a communal reader identity is constructed via predominant conceptions of reading among the site’s users and how this influences literary value assessment. Overall, the article argues that the young readers’ adherence to this communal identity creates a culture of consensus rather than opening up space for critical discussion about literary value. Neverthe- less, they show critical awareness of the different interests surrounding the publica- tion and promotion of literature.</p> </div> </div> </div> 2020-02-20T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tonny Krijnen & Sofie Van Bauwel: Gender and Media: Representing, Producing, Consuming. New York: Routledge. 2015. 2020-02-22T04:04:54+01:00 Kelechi Amakoh 2020-02-20T12:02:47+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mie Femø Nielsen & Svend Skriver (red.): Metodekogebogen – 130 analysemetoder fra humaniora og samfundsvidenskab. U Press. 2019 2020-02-22T04:04:47+01:00 Anne-Mette Bech Albrechtslund 2020-02-20T12:05:37+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##