Journal of Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift; Language Works - Student Journal of Language and Linguistics en-US <p>The author/the authors hold the rigths to articles presented in the journal. The author/the authors are granted the right to reproduce their article as they see fit, if they mention LWorks as the original publisher of the article.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> (Jacob Thøgersen) (Jacob Thøgersen) Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 OJS 60 Language Works 2(2) Marie Herget Christensen, Astrid Ravn Skovse, Jakob Steensig, Søren Sandager Sørensen, Jacob Thøgersen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 Language Works 2(2) Marie Herget Christensen, Astrid Ravn Skovse, Jakob Steensig, Søren Sandager Sørensen, Jacob Thøgersen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 Skrift vs. tale på internettet: Et argument for en interaktionelt fokuseret tilgang til skriftlige samtaler på Facebook This article is centered around the discussion on the relationship between spoken and written<br />language in online written discourse, which it investigates from the perspective of interactional<br />grammar (“samtalegrammatik”). The purpose of the article is to highlight certain shortcomings in<br />the discussion as it has played out so far and to argue for a different approach to it, inspired by<br />conversation analysis.<br />After an introduction to the discussion, a CA-inspired analysis of a phenomenon of oral<br />interactional grammar, namely questions in the declarative used in threads in two Facebook<br />groups, is presented. It is concluded that using the method is possible and that the phenomenon<br />investigated works in the same way on Facebook as it does in oral interaction. The article discusses<br />what perspectives these findings give on the discussion on the relationship between speech and<br />writing in online written discourse.<br />Finally, it is recommended that more investigations of this sort are conducted, among other things<br />to refine the method and to further investigate what insights it can provide on the relationship<br />between spoken and written language online. Maria Jørgensen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 Fra bagedyst til heteronormativitet: En undersøgelse af forståelser af og diskurser om kønsidentitet i Den Store Bagedyst-debatten på Facebook This paper examines gender attitudes in Danish society through analysis of comments regarding an<br />episode of the TV show “Den Store Bagedyst” (translated: ”The great Danish bake-off”), hosted by<br />the national broadcasting corporation DR. Using online ethnography, I collected a series of<br />comments from DR’s Facebook site where the debate took place. I find two opposing discourses<br />about gender identity represented in the data under question through analysis of gender specific<br />member activities (Schegloff 2007) and negotiations of masculine gender identities. The vein of<br />discourse most prominent in the data is one in which participants criticize the program for<br />reproducing an old-fashioned and stereotypical view on gender which the participants regard as<br />discriminating. This tendency is in line with a queer-theoretic understanding of gender, seeing<br />masculinity and femininity not as determined by sex, but rather viewed as individual constructions.<br />This is in contrast to the secondary tendency, in which participants contrast masculinity with<br />femininity and therefore represent a stereotypic view of genders. Hanna Birkelund Nilsson ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 Normer og identitetstilskrivninger i 2. klasse: Hvordan påvirker identitetstilskrivninger normerne for godt gruppearbejde? In this study, I examine norms and ascribed identities in a group conversation among four second graders from the perspective of linguistic ethnography. Firstly, I examine which norms of good behaviour they establish in the conversation regarding carrying out group work. Secondly, I examine whether this set of norms is the same for all four students, or whether the students’ ascribes identities affect what will be sanctioned as breaking a norm. The examined data originates from the Amager project and consists of firstly a recorded session of group work carried out by four second graders, and secondly the field notes from a period of two months leading up to the recording. Using conversation analysis I analyse excerpts from the recording and compare them with episodes from the field notes. I show how being ascribed identities such as ”the troublemaker” and ”the goofy guy” seemingly affects which actions will be sanctioned by the other students as breaking the norm – actions that otherwise in the recording is considered complying with the norm. I also show how these sanctions seemingly are copied by the students from everyday episodes of interactions between ”the troublemaker” and the students’ main teacher. Pauline Skalts ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 ”Hvordan har du sovet i nat, Per?”: En samtaleanalytisk undersøgelse af navne i hjemmeplejesamtaler When names occur in utterances, they can function as selecting a new speaker in conversations. But<br />what happens when names occur in two-party conversations where using names for selecting a new<br />speaker then seems irrelevant?<br />This paper investigates the use of names in a conversation from the Danish homecare system. The<br />conversation is between an elderly male citizen and his caretaker. There were several occurrences<br />of the citizen’s name in the conversation, and these form the basis for the analysis. Using a<br />collection based analysis a hypothesis was developed for the name-phenomenon to see if there was<br />a pattern.<br />One line of research suggests that names in this position serve a special purpose like the one found<br />to hold true in this paper, where others say that the position of the name in the end of utterances<br />make it an object for deletion which may question its role. The paper concludes that the following<br />tendency is present in the data under question: The name occurs primarily turn finally in utterances<br />that start a new sequence and which furthermore contain something problematic, especially<br />concerning something intimate and integrity threatening according to the citizen where reestablishment<br />of a mutual relation is attempted. This paper thus contributes to the understanding of<br />the use of names in two-party conversations in line with the former view, and disagrees with the<br />latter. Andrea Bruun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 The nature of the change: Language-internal and external aspects of derhotacization in young urban Scottish English (YUScE) Scottish English is generally referred to as a rhotic variety of English, i.e. one in which /r/ is<br />articulated both prevocalically as in red and merry, as well as postvocalically as in far, farmer, and<br />similar. However, recent research in the field of sociophonetics (Lawson et al. 2014b, Celata &amp;<br />Calamai, 2014, Schützler, 2015) suggests that a process of derhotacization, that is, a gradual loss<br />or lenition of postvocalic /r/, is taking place among young urban speakers of Scottish English. The<br />present article presents the results of an auditory study of reading tasks performed by 80 informants<br />from Glasgow and Edinburgh during the spring and summer 2016. By looking into the extent to<br />which the 80 speakers produced derhotacized realizations during the reading task, it is found that if<br />the process of derhotacization in YUScE could eventually result in full non-rhoticity, then the<br />process is clearly in its early stage: speakers of YUScE are still to a large extent rhotic, and even<br />for the few speakers who produce a considerable number of derhotacized realizations, the instances<br />in which these realizations are completely non-rhotic are rather few. The article, furthermore,<br />investigates the nature of derhotacization in YUScE with respect to two aspects: the languageexternal<br />and language-internal aspects of the change. In terms of the language-external aspects of<br />the change, derhotacization is examined in relation to the extra-linguistic variables of gender,<br />socio-economic status, and geographic affiliation. In terms of the language-internal aspects of the<br />change, derhotacization is examined in relation to a number of language-internal variables: the<br />vowel preceding /r/, the tautosyllabic consonant following /r/, the position of /r/ in a word, i.e.<br />whether /r/ is in word-final or pre-consonantal position in utterance-final words, and in relation to<br />prosodic stress, i.e. whether /r/ is found in accented or deaccented words. It is found that the nature<br />of derhotacization in YUScE is rather systematic in the sense that the change occurs according to<br />several underlying social factors, and happens more frequently among some speakers of YUScE<br />than others depending on gender, socio-economic status, and geographic affiliation, as well as<br />according to several underlying language-internal factors, by which the change occurs more<br />frequently in some phonetic and phonological contexts than in others. It is, furthermore, found that<br />the process of derhotacization in YUScE possibly follows a natural law of articulatory economy,<br />meaning that /r/ is first lost in phonetic and phonological contexts in which the reduction of articulatory effort is highest, and that rhoticity, at least in this stage of the process, is still retained<br />in contexts in which the reduction of articulatory effort is lowest. Estelle Le Duc ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200 Analysing Political Biases in Danish Newspapers Using Sentiment Analysis Traditionally, the evaluation of political biases in Danish newspapers has been carried out through<br />highly subjective methods. The conventional approach has been surveys asking samples of the<br />population to place various newspapers on the political spectrum, coupled with analysing voting<br />habits of the newspapers’ readers (Hjarvard, 2007). This paper seeks to examine whether it is<br />possible to use sentiment analysis to objectively assess political biases in Danish newspapers. By<br />using the sentiment dictionary AFINN (Nielsen et al., 2011), the mean sentiment scores for 360<br />articles was calculated. The articles were published in the Danish newspapers Berlingske and<br />Information and were all regarding the political parties Alternativet and Liberal Alliance. A<br />significant interaction effect between the parties and newspapers was discovered. This effect was<br />mainly driven by Information’s coverage of the two parties. Moreover, Berlingske was found to<br />publish a disproportionately greater number of articles concerning Liberal Alliance than<br />Alternativet. Based on these findings, an integration of sentiment analysis into the evaluation of<br />biases in news outlets is proposed. Furthermore, future studies are suggested to construct datasets<br />for evaluation of AFINN on news and to utilize web-mining methods to gather greater amounts of<br />data in order to analyse more parties and newspapers. Kenneth C. Enevoldsen, Lasse Hansen ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 07 Jul 2017 14:36:45 +0200