Journal of Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift; Language Works - Student Journal of Language and Linguistics Institut for Nordiske Studier og Sprogvidenskab, Københavns Universitet en-US Journal of Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift 2446-0591 <p>The author/the authors hold the rigths to articles presented in the journal. The author/the authors are granted the right to reproduce their article as they see fit, if they mention LWorks as the original publisher of the article.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Et SoMe-horrorshow <p><em>Over the past decade, the meme has been a defining feature of internet culture, and the image macro, a sub-genre of memes, has become a staple on most social media platforms. The image macro can now also be found in political communication, and the format is used by political parties in campaigning prior to elections. This paper examines the use of image macros on the official Instagram account of the Danish Conservative People’s party up to the 2019 election. I approach the analysis with a linguistic perspective, focusing on the multimodality, metaphoricity and humor of the image macro format. I hypothesize that these three perspectives bring to light interesting affordances, and that multimodality and metaphoricity are codependent features in the genre of image macros. This paper firstly concludes that the image macro format possesses certain affordances through its multimodal and metaphoric nature that make it ideal for political communication on social media platforms. Secondly, I propose different ways the image macro as an interesting multimodal format should be investigated further from a linguistic perspective. </em></p> Johanne Niclasen Jensen Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 5 19 Retorisk fortolkning og adfærdsinterventioner <p><em>In this interdisciplinary article, I discuss the rhetorical effectiveness of an informational poster, part of the substantial intervention to stop the spread of the coronavirus by the Danish health authorities. I draw on one of the leading theories within the study of health communication campaigns as a frame of reference in discussions of behavioural intention, namely the Reasoned Action Approach (RAA). To properly grasp the intentional and strategic language uses embedded into the poster, I supplement RAA with rhetorical interpretation, with which I construct an analytical framework regarding stance and engagement, supplemented multimodal, social semiotic typology. Following the analysis, I discuss the individualistic biases embedded into both the RAA and the poster itself, provide suggested improvement to the theoretical approach, and finally I discuss the commensurability of the paradigmatically different theoretical approaches of behavioural psychology and rhetorical analysis. </em></p> Adrian Skov Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 20 35 Facilitatorens gestik <p>This paper examines how the facilitator in the context of radio and podcast productions makes use of the potential communicative resources of embodied language in reducing overlaps and gaps between speakers in interactions. The study is based upon a production of F.C. Københavns Fanradio and it proposes that especially Kendon’s <em>open hand supine (OHS) </em>gesticulations and Streeck’s <em>mid-turn offerings (MTO) </em>are used by the facilitator in an explicitly embodied selection of a next speaker and thereby preventing incidences of unwanted gaps between speakers. Additionally, this study shows how the facilitator engages nonverbally in the interaction during other participants’ turns by producing what I have chosen to call <em>embodied comments. </em>These embodied comments consist of one or more gestures that have a collective semantical meaning that can be understood as interactionally meaningful by other participants. The study proposes that these nonverbal engagements are expressions of co-construction and participate in the reduction of occurrences of overlaps in interactions.</p> Jack Brosø Frederiksen Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 36 55 Tale om tanker <p><a name="_Toc41998326"></a><em>This paper examines how structural language analysis is fruitful in uncovering mental states. The psychological theory of Mentalization, which works to uncover how people work to understand others’ and their own feelings, thoughts, desires, and intentions, has used a more general approach to language as a means of assessing mentalization. In this article, a recent proposal to modify this approach by adding Functional Grammar as an aspect in the assessment will be used to analyse and assess the mentalization skills of an informant. A further goal of conducting this analysis is to assess the informant’s mentalization skills with regards to his autism diagnosis, which in the early stages of the theory of mentalization would have ruled out the presence of any mentalization skills. The paper concludes that the informant is well able to mentalize and that this comes to show by way of the linguistically informed method to assess mentalization.</em></p> Cæcilie Hansen Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 56 68 English in Denmark: Friend or Foe? <p><em>The last two decades have seen the rise of an academic and political debate in Denmark about the growing influence of Global English in many contexts of society. Some measures were taken to limit the consequences of such influence, especially the loss of domain in higher education, research, and business. However, Danes are usually considered, at home and abroad, to be extremely proficient in English, to the point of being deemed bilingual, and the attitude towards English is generally positive in Denmark. The purpose of the survey in this paper was to determine the extent of use of English in four social practices, as well as the attitude towards learning English, language death, and bilingualism. The results found that Danes generally do not perceive their language to be at risk, at least not in the majority of contexts. They consider English an important language to learn for study and work, but Danish still seems to be in a dominant position in everyday life.</em></p> Simone Bianchetti Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 69 87 (A)symmetri og gensidighed <p><em>This study investigates reciprocal constructions in Acazulco Otomí, a native language of central Mexico. The constructions are investigated using the video stimuli “Reciprocal actions and situation types” (Evans et al. 2004). The study was motivated by two factors: Firstly, certain language internal arguments support the hypothesis that Acazulco Otomí will be quite generous in its categorisation of reciprocity. Secondly, the study will fill a geographic and genealogic gap in Majid et al.’s (2011) study, providing more knowledge about the domain and useful data for future work on reciprocals. The study finds that Acazulco Otomí is indeed quite generous in its categorization and my study therefore supports the hypothesis that&nbsp; a structuring principle functions across domains in Acazulco Otomí. </em></p> Laurits Stapput Knudsen Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 88 108 Language Works 5(2) <p>Velkommen til denne udgave af Language Works og glædelig jul og godt nytår fra redaktionen. I julemandens sprogvidenskabelige gavesæk har vi i denne omgang seks artikler som repræsenterer et bredt udvalg af sprogvidenskabelige felter, og som viser at sproglig analyse kan belyse mange meget forskellige problemstillinger. I denne udgave kommer vi vidt omkring. Vi dykker fx ned i Sundhedsstyrelsens corona-kommunikation, vi kommer helt ind i sindet med en artikel om mentalisering, og i én af artiklerne kommer vi endda helt til Sydamerika. Her er altså en artikel for enhver smag.</p> Elisabeth Muth Andersen Paulina Bala Michael Nguyen Jessie Leigh Nielsen Søren Sandager Sørensen Jacob Thøgersen Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 1 2 Language Works 5(2) <p>Welcome to this edition of Language Works and merry Christmas and happy New Year from the editorial team. This time in Santa’s linguistic gift sack, we have six articles that represent a wide selection of linguistic areas and that show that linguistic analysis can shed light on many very different issues. In this issue, we travel far and wide. For example, we dive into the Danish Health Authority’s corona communication, we enter into the mind itself in an article on mentalization, and in one article, we go all the way to South America. In short, there’s an article for everyone.</p> Elisabeth Muth Andersen Paulina Bala Michael Nguyen Jessie Leigh Nielsen Søren Sandager Sørensen Jacob Thøgersen Copyright (c) 2020 Author and Journal of Language Works 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 5 2 3 4