Journal of Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift 2019-02-19T16:10:07+01:00 Jacob Thøgersen Open Journal Systems Language Works - Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift; Language Works - Student Journal of Language and Linguistics Editorial (da) 2019-02-19T16:10:02+01:00 Jacob Thøgersen Michael Hai Nguyen Søren Sandager Sørensen Elisabeth Muth Andersen Julia Rytter Dakwar <p>Welcome to this the fifth edition of the Danish student journal of linguistics known as Language Works – Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift</p> 2019-02-19T15:51:45+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Editorial (eng) 2019-02-19T16:10:03+01:00 Jacob Thøgersen Michael Hai Nguyen Søren Sandager Sørensen Elisabeth Muth Andersen Julia Rytter Dakwar <p>Welcome to this the fifth edition of the Danish student journal of linguistics known as Language Works – Sprogvidenskabeligt Studentertidsskrift</p> 2019-02-19T15:38:21+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ”Nej, det er ikke en papegøje” 2019-02-19T16:10:03+01:00 Morten Rohde <p><em>Human communication comprises a precise coordination between speech, gaze and gesture. To investigate the rooting of this system in humans, the study of child language development can be a beneficial method. Studies of gradual development of speech, gaze and gesture coordination in children have found that adult-like use of these communication channels is observable from the age of three. Studies investigating the universality of these findings and children’s use of these communication channels to monitor and guide recipients are still to be conducted. This study investigates the development of coordinated multimodal communication and recipient monitoring in Danish children of this age in naturally occurring conversations, and possible explanations for mismatches in verbal and non-verbal communication in children are discussed. It is found that Danish children do exhibit a well-developed use of coordinated multimodal communicated by their third year, but it is also found that a degree of playfulness and lenience in their body language remains. Furthermore, it is found that monitoring of speech recipients by children in this age is highly developed and can be realised by verbal as well as non-verbal tools.</em></p> 2019-02-19T15:37:35+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Skrivning som produktion og reproduktion 2019-02-19T16:10:04+01:00 Christine Trolle Anna Pors <p><em>At the most simple level, Pierre Bourdieu’s notion of ’cultural capital’ pertains to knowledge of the dominant conceptual and normative codes inscribed in a culture. This article investigates how pupils’ differences in cultural capital are reproduced in their written assignments in Danish in upper secondary school, and how their teachers contribute to this reproduction in their evaluations. The investigation is organised into three parts: A first quantitative analysis based on a survey which investigates the correlation between the pupils’ levels of cultural capital and their grades in written assignments in Danish, a second qualitative analysis which examines how cultural capital is evident in three assignments and finally a quantitative analysis which categorizes the teachers’ evaluations into four categories to reveal if the teachers discriminate between pupils with low and high levels of cultural capital. In the first quantitative analysis, we find a strong and positive correlation between the pupils’ levels of cultural capital and their grades in written assignments in Danish. The quantitative analysis also suggests that the transition of cultural capital from parents to children, especially in the form of the parents’ communication with their children, has an effect on the children’s grades in written assignments in Danish. In the second qualitative analysis we find that the pupils’ cultural capital is evident in the way the pupils develop information in their assignments, and how they create continuity at the most general level. The results indicate that the pupils with high cultural capital are quicker to develop new information and create continuity. And finally, the last analysis indicates that the teachers contribute to the reproduction of cultural capital by giving an unequal amount and a different quality of feedback to the pupils with low and high cultural capital. This mostly benefits the pupils with a high level of cultural capital.</em></p> 2019-02-19T15:36:42+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Danish equivalents to English ing clauses 2019-02-19T16:10:06+01:00 Niels van Leeuwen <p><em>The present article is about English adverbial present participle clauses (‑ing clauses) and their relation to Danish. The purpose of the investigation is to describe how the information expressed in ‑ing clauses is expressed in Danish, in which this grammatical construction normally does not occur. The data consists of English ‑ing clauses and translational equivalents found in the parallel corpus European Parliament Proceedings Parallel Corpus. It is discovered that equivalent English and Danish expressions typically have the same semantic role despite being structured differently, but that the semantic role is usually more explicit in Danish. This is because the frequent absence of explicit subordinator in ‑ing clauses makes their semantic role understandable only through context whereas the different structures of the Danish equivalents often include an explicit indicator of the semantic role.</em></p> 2019-02-19T16:08:23+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Direktive dynamisk-lokative sætningsemner 2019-02-19T16:10:07+01:00 Lennart Westergaard <p><em>The paper gives an account of a subtype of Danish non-finite constructions that express a theme argument's movement towards a goal. They are termed ‘directive dynamic-locative non-finite predications’. The structural analysis shows that the construction has two variants: 1. a non-agentive variant with two arguments: a theme and a locative goal; and 2. a causative variant with three arguments, i.e. additionally an agentive argument. In both cases an adverb functions as the head of the construction.</em></p> <p><em>In the previous literature, it has been argued that the construction codes for mood, distinguishing between directives and non-directives realized as a topological paradigm (Hansen &amp; Heltoft 2011). However, I show that the variants are not formally distinguished. Both variants are, though, in complementary distribution, with the prototypical directive variant only occurring with present time reference and the narrative variant only occurring with past time reference. The directive and the narrative variant are analysed as polysemous and resemble historical imperatives.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the co-occurrence of clausal adverbials with the construction, it is argued that a structural analysis (in terms of categorical dependency to finiteness) of these in Danish should be reconsidered. An analysis solely based on their semantic scope with regard to the model of the layered clause structure seems more fruitful.</em></p> 2019-02-19T16:08:58+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The spy saw a cop with a telescope: Who has the telescope? 2019-02-19T16:10:07+01:00 Mengzhu Yan Michael Hai Nguyen <p><em>This paper explores the problem of ambiguous PP-attachment by extracting information from a PP-attachment corpus using Python. Cases of ambiguous PP-attachment involve sequences of the head words of the following type: verb &gt; noun &gt; preposition &gt; noun. The head nouns of ambiguous </em><em>PP-attachment sentences, as well as aspects beyond head words, are investigated by testing a number of hypotheses using a corpus of thousands of real-world examples. The hypotheses are partially based on theory and partially on empirical evidence. The results support some theoretical claims while discarding others. For instance, one finding that supports an existing claim is that of-PPs always attach to NPs whose heads are classifiers. This kind of knowledge can be put into practice when parsing natural language. </em></p> 2019-02-19T16:09:29+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##