At vandre i takt: Om paraders og processioners rituelle betydning

  • Anders Klostergaard Petersen
Nøgleord: typology, parade, procession, urban religion, cosmic and global religion, rituals of interaction, chimpanzees, bonobos, synchronisation, mirror neurons.

Resumé

English abstract: The purpose of this essay is to cast light on a previously under-acknowledged phenomenon in the history of religions and the phenomenology of religion. First, I suggest a heuristic typological distinction between parades and processions. Potentially, the differentiation between the two may be linked to a different origin and partly to a different intrinsic relationship to two diverse types of religion. Whereas parades are inherently related to hunter-gatherers’ forms of religion and cosmic and global types of religion, processions, I surmise, are intrinsically related to urban forms of religion. The distinction, however, is of the nature of an idealtype. Secondly, I include a trajectory of scholarship in ritual studies that has not featured largely in the history of scholarship on ritual in either anthropology or the study of religion. I argue that parading and joint processions may give us a clue to the social efficacy of ritual and its biological underpinnings: Doing the drill enhances social bonding. My point is of a basic Durkheimian nature, but I take Durkheim a step further by undergirding his ritual and cultic understanding with a primatological and biological basis. Dansk resume: I artiklen retter jeg opmærksomheden mod to forhold. For det første foreslår jeg en typologisk skelnen mellem parade og procession og argumenterer for, at de har baggrund i to forskellige religionstyper. Mens processionen hidrører fra by- eller arkaisk religion og forudsætter templet og offerinstitutionen som religionens omdrejningspunkt, er paraden knyttet til jæger-samler-religion, men får en renæssance i kosmos- og globalreligion. For det andet inddrager jeg en forskningstradition inden for ritualstudier, som underligt nok ikke har spillet nogen fremtrædende rolle i den antropologiske og religionsvidenskabelige ritualforskning, men til gengæld er betydningsfuld i den sociologiske litteratur. I tæt sammenhæng med mine aktuelle forskningsinteresser argumenterer jeg for, at der i denne tradition ikke alene ligger et betydeligt potentiale for at forstå ritualers socialt positive (og lejlighedsvis negative) betydning, men også deres basalbiologiske grundlag. På sin vis forsøger jeg i artiklen at underbygge den durkheimske grundopfattelse af kultur, samfund og religion med et biologisk primatologisk fundament. Heri ligger ingen kritik af Durkheim; men derimod en udvidelse og underbygning.
Publiceret
2017-06-15
Citation/Eksport
Petersen, A. K. (2017). At vandre i takt: Om paraders og processioners rituelle betydning. Religionsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift, (66), 14-39. https://doi.org/10.7146/rt.v0i66.26446
Sektion
Artikler