Danish Journal of Archaeology 2020-06-03T02:04:06+02:00 Mette Svart Kristiansen Open Journal Systems A biographical study of Neolithic hoarding 2020-04-30T09:01:22+02:00 Casper Sørensen Mathias Bjørnevad Peter Bye-Jensen <p>The tradition of hoarding axeheads is a well-known phenomenon within the first agrarian societies on the North European Plain. Unfortunately, the majority of known hoards have been found as stray finds or under circumstances with poor or no documentation, leading to considerable source critical issues. However, in this paper we analyze four hoards that have either been professionally excavated or have had their find circumstances recorded and are all found within the same geographical area along the southern Limfjord region of Denmark. The detailed contextual information of these hoards is used as a foundation for interpreting these hoards and question the oft-repeated dualistic categorization of hoards as wetland or dryland phenomena. The analytical method employed in this study uses micro- and macroscopic observations to create biographies for the axeheads and to so shed new light on hoarding practices. This approach challenges the previous macro-scale approaches. The results in the study provide a detailed insight on production, use-life, exchange and deposition of axeheads in hoards within the TRB. The aim of the paper is to forward this analytical approach and to offer a fresh perspective on the TRB hoards. In concluding, avenues for future research and debate are sketched out.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-01-17T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Workshop production of brooches with religious symbolism around the year 1100 in Denmark 2020-04-30T09:01:22+02:00 Mette Højmark Søvsø Christian Vrængmose Jensen <p>Small brooches with Christian motifs from the period of c. AD 1050–1150 occur frequently amongst metal-detector finds in Denmark. Those known as Urnes brooches, bird-shaped brooches and circular animal brooches are especially common finds over most of the country. In order to understand what lies behind the distribution and significance of these brooches, the issues of where they were made and who was responsible for production are key questions. The large number of finds must reflect a serial form of production, but up to a few years ago secure evidence of any workshop has been almost effectively absent. Presented in this paper are two recent finds of workshops in which the manufacture of these types of brooches took place, in Ribe and Aalborg respectively. On the basis of the archaeological contexts of the workshops and the finds, it is proposed that this production is to be seen as primarily an urban phenomenon, with the Church as initiator and key agent, directed at a broad circle of customers. This may have been part of an evangelizing thrust with wider popular appeal in which these small but highly meaningful artefacts played an important symbolic role.</p> 2020-03-25T15:22:04+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Rune Stones as Material Relations in Late Pagan and Early Christian Scandinavia 2020-04-30T09:01:22+02:00 Julie Lund <p>In this article, the material qualities and the use of space on rune stone and its links to the landscape during the Viking Age and in the Early Medieval Period in South Scandinavia are explored and related to acts of commemoration and changing spatial perceptions. The 11<sup>th</sup> century rune stones from Denmark and Scania without iconography have previously received less scholarly attention by the archaeologists, but here they form the main focus. Whereas the commemorative aspects of the rune stones have been noticed by a number of scholars, less emphasis has been on their material qualities and the spatial aspects of the inscription on the stones; the spatial references in the rune stones to the surrounding landscape; and the bodily effect they had for the readers of the runes. The rune stones are studied as expressions of social relations between living, deceased and places in late pagan and early Christian Scandinavia. Three phenomena are explored: the rune stones at bridges and the role of the bridge in paganism and Christianity; the use of the surface and shape of the stones to separate diverging beings; and the shape of the inscription and its relation to the new concepts of afterworld in terms of heaven above, while simultaneously creating links to near and distant pasts. Further, the process of creating relations to distant pasts in the Early Christian period is explored.</p> 2020-04-20T10:05:19+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Exploring Spatial Patterns at “Nørholm”, a Metal-rich Site by the Limfjord, Northern Denmark 2020-04-30T09:01:22+02:00 Torben Trier Christiansen <p>Private metal detecting currently has a massive impact on North European archaeology. However, due to the poor contextual data of the finds, the unsystematic search methods and not least insufficient excavations at detected sites, the spatial understanding of the sites and the knowledge potentially to be gained from metal finds from the plough layer is still limited. This paper presents a programme of investigations at the most productive detector site in Jutland, “Nørholm”, which offers a framework for interpretation of distribution patterns of the metal finds recovered over more than two decades by private detectorists. It is argued that overall changes in settlement patterns as well as changes in the associated field systems are major dynamics behind the spread of metal detector finds. A detailed, chronological mapping of the distribution of finds thus allow a reconstruction of the history of settlement and land use during the Late Iron Age and the Middle Ages.</p> 2020-04-20T10:42:06+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Male Social Roles and Mobility in the Early Nordic Bronze Age. A Perspective from SE Jutland 2020-04-30T09:01:22+02:00 Louise Felding Samantha S. Reiter Karin M. Frei Helle Vandkilde <p>This paper provides a discussion of the increasing amount of mobility data from the Early Nordic Bronze Age (Early NBA), c. 1600-1100 BCE with particular focus on NBA II and III (c. 1500-1100 BCE). As a male-oriented study, the intent is to develop current perspectives on gender roles in the Early NBA in relation to mobility. In order to achieve our aim, we conducted strontium isotope analyses and radiocarbon dating combined with an in-depth archaeological investigation of grave goods obtained from two male burials from the Vejle region, SE Jutland.&nbsp; To contextualise the case study results, we also conducted network analyses of male gear from burials and ritual deposits on a regional scale, which reveal differentiated roles among men in the upper social echelon. The warrior emerged as an overall identity for high-ranking males whilst differences in male weaponry interestingly suggest that a minimum of three kinds of warriors were distinguished, reflecting social roles in war and society. The results suggest that one of the individuals was local while the other might have moved. The overall aim is to demonstrate that robust results regarding gendered mobilities will depend on the combination of several methods, datasets and scales of inquiry. &nbsp;</p> 2020-04-29T15:13:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mobility and diet in Prehistoric Denmark: strontium isotope analysis and incremental stable isotope analysis of human remains from the Limfjord area 2020-06-03T02:04:06+02:00 LG van der Sluis JS Daly KM Frei PJ Reimer <p>The Limfjord in Denmark held a prominent position throughout Prehistory as a natural communication port between east and west. Identifying the presence of non-local individuals might shed light on socio-economic and cultural changes occurring in the Limfjord area. Existing studies attempting to do so using strontium isotope analysis on Danish prehistoric remains focus on certain archaeological time periods and geographic locations, resulting in an uneven distribution of analysed material. This study aimed at filling a gap in the existing literature, both from a geographical as well as a chronological point of view. Additionally, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis on bone and tooth dentine from these individuals was carried out to examine dietary changes between childhood and adulthood. The strontium isotope results revealed four non-local individuals, two from the Neolithic, one from the Early Roman Iron Age and one from the Germanic Iron/Viking Age. We conducted incremental stable isotope analysis of tooth dentine from the four non-local individuals to investigate the palaeodietary information in their dental records at a higher resolution and potentially pinpoint their age at the time of movement. The two Neolithic individuals revealed stable isotope ratios that might be indicative of stress.</p> 2020-05-06T09:43:41+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##