Diálogos Latinoamericanos 2019-04-09T11:20:57+02:00 Diana González Martín Open Journal Systems Latin American Studies Pan, tierra y tapaboca: Luis Muñoz Marín y el breve interregno democrático del Partido Popular (Puerto Rico, 1938-1948) 2019-04-09T11:20:50+02:00 José F. Buscaglia <p>José F. BThe launching in 1938 and the implementation over the next two<br>decades of the reform program of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD) resulted in<br>a radical transformation of the economy and a massive realignment of social<br>forces in Puerto Rico. That process was officially known as the ‘Puerto Rican<br>Miracle’ and, at the height of the Cold War, it was promoted by the USA as a<br>‘peaceful revolution’ in contraposition to the armed insurrection commanded by<br>Fidel Castro in Cuba. This article describes a process less transparent and<br>democratic that, conforming to Latin American populist traditions, unfolded<br>within a continuum where internal debate inside the PPD and opposition forces in<br>the public sphere, were systematically supressed as Luis Muñoz Marin rose to<br>become the uncontested leader of the movement. The experiment was also a<br>failed exercise in decolonization that brought dire consequences to large sectors<br>of Puerto Rican society.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Poesía y poliorcética. El Auto de San Lorenzo de José de Anchieta y la conquista del imaginario indígena 2019-04-09T11:20:51+02:00 Juan Carlos Cruz Suárez <p>Abstract<br>The conquest and colonization of a territory entails a series of operations<br>designed to eliminate a whole model of culture. After wartime, the colonization<br>and subsequent disposal of the collective imagination of the conquered space is<br>imposed by the invadors. The operations performed in order to carry out such a<br>removal occur mainly in the space of discourse. Indeed poetry —or literature in<br>general— is one of the discourses used to execute this operation. This article<br>aims to establish a connection between the art of war and the colonization of the<br>imagination through poetry. I will try to point out that the two mechanisms of<br>invasion cannot be separated if the aim is to control the other effectively.<br>Following this perspective I will analyze El auto de San Lorenzo written in<br>Brazil in the middle of the XVI century by the Jesuit José de Anchieta. This play<br>is precisely one of the most representative evidences of what I will call here a<br>total conquest.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Poder e civilização no Brasil Imperial. A monarquia na perspectiva da história das ideias 2019-04-09T11:20:52+02:00 Sérgio Campos Goncalves <p>Brazil ceased being a Portugal’s colony during the Nineteenth-Century.<br>However, despite the Republic has been the dominant tendency in<br>America, Brazil was the only country to adopt Monarchy when its political<br>independency was reached. This essay deals with the concept of<br>civilization as a monarchist power structure of the Brazilian State in the<br>Nineteenth-Century. The objective is to point out that the ideia of<br>civilization granted legitimacy to the monarchist system during the First<br>Reign, the Regency and the Second Reign, acting as a determinant factor<br>to maintain the regime.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Memoria histórica, lugar de memoria y comunidad discursiva 2019-04-09T11:20:52+02:00 María Alejandra Vitale Adriana Elizabeth Minardi <p>In this artícle we aim to discuss some notions about the construction process on<br>historical memory in order to focus in a particular example of lieux de mémoire.<br>In the first place, we analize critical concepts like lieux de mémoire, historical<br>memory and the political uses of Memory, according to the hegemonic<br>construction. Then, we pay attention to a crucial concept to understand the<br>meaning of archive: lieux de mémoire. We organize the article by considering<br>Pierre Nora´s theory, looking forward to discuss the archives generation process<br>in a material, symbolic and functional sense. We expose these ideas by<br>demonstrating a methodology to analize memory archives, by taking as an<br>example the DIPBA file (Buenos Aires Province Police Direction of Intelligence<br>Archive). Some relevant conclussions close the article.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Argentina, España, México. Edición pluricéntrica en la obra de Hernán Casciari 2019-04-09T11:20:53+02:00 Daniel Escandell Montiel <p>The award-winning blognovel Weblog de una mujer gorda by Hernán Casciari<br>was issued in print versions in his home country of Argentina as well as in Spain<br>and Mexico only a few years after its appearance online. Though the three<br>printed texts are rooted in the same online original, significant differences exist<br>among them. In the present article, we analyze these differences with respect to<br>editorial praxis in the three countries, given that what resulted from the print runs<br>can best be described as two distinct books: one for Argentina, and one for Spain<br>and Mexico. While both share events and characters, they diverge in many<br>relevant aspects, not only from each other but also from the original online text.<br>The present analysis seeks to offer an explanation of these changes, basing its<br>analysis in the texts themselves as well as interviews with Casciari.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tauromaquia —o ese extraño placer de la visualización de la muerte— 2019-04-09T11:20:54+02:00 Claudio Cifuentes-Aldunate <p>The present article focuses on the practice of bullfighting and the significant<br>thickness that goes beyond the simple act of the modern spectacle. It is an<br>attempt to archaeological and semiotic reading of this practice, seen as a<br>fossilized ritual of other older practices and meanings that drags on their way<br>through the successive civilizations that have given its origin. The thickness of<br>these readings does not rule out a possibility of psychoanalytic interpretation<br>related with a reflection on the symbolic link between the bull and power. All<br>those layers of significant thickness may explain the irrational fascination<br>Spanish or Latin American people audience that assist and live, perhaps<br>unthinkingly, (read unconsciously) forgotten symbols and rituals.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Intelectuales, estado y universidad. Algunas consideraciones sobre este vínculo complejo 2019-04-09T11:20:55+02:00 Nicolás José Isola <p>This article aims to describe the different characterization which the intellectual<br>figure has had throughout the twentieth century. Towards this end, special<br>attention is given to the tradition of studies on intellectuals, exploring the diverse<br>and recurring thematic focuses which this topic has covered, as well as the<br>central role that intellectuals have played in modern history in Latin America and<br>in Europe. In this framework, the conformation of the intellectual system, the<br>different institutional forms that have been created around intellectuals and the<br>leading role of universities are analyzed. The connection between intellectuals<br>and temporality is examined: the tradition and the distance. Finally different<br>intellectual profiles and their connection with politics are reviewed.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dictaduras y gobiernos autoritarios en Iberoamérica en el siglo XX 2019-04-09T11:20:56+02:00 Julián Chaves Palacios <p>Latin America launched in the second half of the twentieth century an example of<br>political destabilization due to initiatives such as the National Security Doctrine,<br>which was fostered by U.S. special scope in most countries of the American<br>continent. The product of political destabilization and coups implementing<br>dictatorial and authoritarian political systems was the norm. Military regimes, in<br>many cases, prolonged their existence for decades and were in the systematic<br>violation of human rights the basis of their livelihood. Executions,<br>disappearances, arrests and exile formed their code of conduct as most effective<br>way to control dissent. Protests against these outrages by the affected families<br>and representative associations succeeded in promoting democratic governments,<br>public policies to clarify what happened and give dignity and justice to the<br>repressed.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Machado de Assis e o risum movet do poema herói-cómico. Algumas cláusulas a propósito d’O Almada 2019-04-09T11:20:57+02:00 Pedro G. Serra <p>O Almada, mock-epic poem written by Machado de Assis, proposes a<br>‘theory’ of this ‘difficult’ genre, within a literary program that would<br>mean the invention of a first example of mock-epic poetry in Brazilian<br>literature. Machado’s proposal implies that the mock-epic looses referentiality;<br>otherwise put, undergoes a process of anesthetization. This aesthetic autonomy,<br>however, would signify the universalization of a textual phenomenology of “two<br>famous compositions that served as models, but are not truly inimitable”. In my<br>article I elaborate on how Machado de Assis reads the mock-epic tradition,<br>Boileau’s Le Lutrin and specifically António Dinis da Cruz e Silva’s O Hissope.</p> 2013-06-20T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##