Classica et Mediaevalia <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Societas Danica Indagationie Antiqvitatis Et Medii Aevi en-US Classica et Mediaevalia 0106-5815 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (see&nbsp;<a href="">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> Die Epistola de lamentabili statu Francie: Eine prosimetrische Allegorie aus der Zeit des Hundertjährigen Krieges <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The so-called Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) gave rise to a large number of Latin texts in contemporary France lamenting the political, military and social situation. Among them is the hitherto unedited Epistola de lamentabili statu Francie, which was ap- parently written soon after the defeat at Agincourt (1415). The text, arranged as an allegorical vision, describes the negative consequences of the inner-French conflicts and calls for an end to them. From a formal point of view, the text is impressive for its prose, which largely approximates metrical poetry.</p> </div> </div> </div> Thomas Haye Copyright (c) 2023 Thomas Haye 2023-02-27 2023-02-27 72 1 36 Crito's Social Circles in Plato's Crito <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>In this paper I identify and discuss three different circles concerning Crito’s social relations: the internal circle of those who know him well; the external circle of those who are Crito’s fellow citizens but who do not know him well; and the third circle which is the <em>polis</em> with its laws. Crito uses – both consciously and unconsciously – different stratagems in dealing with these different circles. The speech of the Laws is Socrates’ attempt to allow Crito to see his actual behavior, as if reflected in a mirror. In fact Crito harms his friends, cheats his fellow citizens and destroys the <em>polis</em>.</p> </div> </div> </div> Yosef Z. Liebersohn Copyright (c) 2023 Yosef Z. Liebersohn 2023-04-27 2023-04-27 72 37 80 Universalization and Its Limits: An Anthropological Perspective on Cultural Interaction in the Roman Empire <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This paper employs an anthropological framework to understand the inter- action between imperial culture and local traditions in the Roman world by introducing the model of universalization and localization, designed by Redfield and Marriott for the study of Indian village communities. This model is applied to evidence for provincial languages supplemented with an analysis of a corpus of material culture to illuminate how constraints to communication, transportation and education affected cultural interaction. It demonstrates that while Roman imperialism spread shared practices across wide areas, due to the aforementioned conditions provincial populations were often only partially able to access them.</p> </div> </div> </div> Kristian Kanstrup Christensen Copyright (c) 2023 Kristian Kanstrup Christensen 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 72 81 115 The History of Lucan Scholia and Gerbert Of Aurillac’s Copy of the Bellum Civile (Ms. Erlangensis 389, = E) <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The importance of the very rich paratext of Lucan’s manuscript Erlangensis 389 has so far been greatly underestimated; a new comprehensive analysis of its exegetical materials, along with our updated knowledge of the vicissitudes of the manuscript itself, provides a better understanding of its role in the history of Lucan scholia and allows for several improvements in the text of the <em>Commenta Bernensia</em> and the <em>Supplementum ad- notationum super Lucanum</em>.</p> </div> </div> </div> Alessio Mancini Copyright (c) 2023 Alessio Mancini 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 72 117 143 Inventing Patron Saints: The Cult of St Fulk between Civic Reality and Historical Fiction <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Seventeenth-century sources attest the cult of English pilgrims in southern Lazio. Focusing on the case of Fulk, I argue that the seventeenth-century tradition is supported neither by the literary accounts nor by topographical analyses. Instead, Fulk’s cult, based on Peter Deacon’s twelfth-century <em>Vita Fulconis</em>, was central in processes of civic formation. Changing religious attitudes in the twelfth/thirteenth century are linked with lay sainthood. An English pilgrim coming back from the Holy Land, through the sanctuary on Mount Gargano, brought great prestige to the urban centre vis-à-vis other urban centres, having visited and, thus, been a witness to some of the greatest places in Christendom.</p> </div> </div> </div> Luca Ricci Copyright (c) 2023 Luca Ricci 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 72 145 175 Mythological References in Ausonius’ Epistolary <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Ausonius’ letters constitute a specimen of the way he employs references to Greek mythology. The process by which Ausonius reworks mythological material fol- lows patterns that were already well established in the Latin literary tradition of re-working Greek sources. The recycling of such material is not only proof of his technical prowess, but also demonstrates his ability to perform precise thematic choices. Frequently, the use of mythology is part of the metaliterary and metapoetic discourses tackled by Ausonius while addressing his friends as recipients of letters. The analysis of individual letters reveals how the poet used mythological references for two main purposes. The first is to elevate the tone and content of the discourse, employing a series of artificial comparisons with mythical characters and events. Brief mythological references used to formulate playful numerical periphrases are also worth noting here. The second aim is encomiastic, namely the celebration of his friends, the recipients of his letters, who are transferred from everyday reality to the higher level of the mythical dimension and the superhuman sphere.</p> </div> </div> </div> Chiara Di Serio Copyright (c) 2023 Chiara Di Serio 2023-10-28 2023-10-28 72 177 213