Brasiliana - Journal for Brazilian Studies en-US <p><img title="" src="/public/site/images/admin/nef_88_88.png" alt="" width="88" height="31" /></p><p>Articles published in Brasiliana are licensed under a <a href="" rel="license" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License</a>.</p> (Dr. Vinicius Mariano de Carvalho) (Technical Support) Sun, 14 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 Front Matter ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Editorial ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 20:26:30 +0200 “Looking for more Brazilian solutions”: Rhetorical Strategies against Ethnic Quotas in Brazilian Higher Education <span style="color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Palatino Linotype',serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: PT-BR; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-themecolor: text1; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;" lang="PT-BR">Since the 1990s, Brazil has experienced a growing public debate about policies of ethnic affirmative action. The arguments invoked by the opponents of affirmative action quotas, expressed in scientific publications, the mass media and even manifestos, have been the subject of study in several research projects. In their analyses, these scholars have concluded that the the anti-quota arguments suffered from logical inconsistency, theoretical and methodological flaws or simple lack of empirical evidence. However, anti-quota rhetoric appears to persist seemingly unaffected by academic counter-arguments, if not in the academic debate, at least in public opinion. This paper argues that the persuasive power of anti-quota arguments derives from the strategic use of specific rhetorical strategies, based on time-proven classical speech imagery that foreground evidence and logic even where speculation and heuristics are the actual foundation. Using methods of Critical Discourse Analysis I will analyze a representative corpus of prominent public discourses against ethnic affirmative action quotas in order to demonstrate how rhetorical strategies are deployed in these texts, showing how they broadly mirror the proposition of a “Rhetoric of Reaction” (Hirschman 1991). These rhetorics, I argue, draw heavily on the myth of “racial democracy” combined with a long-standing national master-narrative of Brazilian exceptionalism, the combination of which masks racial animosity and defers policy action to support ethnic minorities.</span> Georg Wink ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 20:11:49 +0200 Discursos conciliadores no debate sobre ação afirmativa no ensino superior <p><span style="font-family: Calibri; font-size: medium;">O debate sobre ação afirmativa nas universidades públicas brasileiras ao longo da década de 2000 representou rico debate sobre a ideia da ação afirmativa de corte racial. A ideia de “raça” na sociedade brasileira foi sempre subsumida na questão de classe em um país que construiu forte representação social acerca de sua democracia racial. O presente artigo vai ressaltar os fatores que levaram a questão da desigualdade racial aos espaços discursivos da esfera pública. Vão ser mostrados dados de uma pesquisa realizada em universidades públicas brasileiras no momento em que se deu a implantação das várias políticas, entre 2002 e 2012, no sentido de compreender como tais políticas questionaram os significantes vazios utilizados numa sociedade com grande desigualdade social, quando noções de cidadania, diversidade, igualdade e pautaram os espaços universitários com novos frames que trouxeram novas interpretações no que concerne às desigualdades raciais do país. Mas na discussão apresentada vai ser mostrado como a questão da desigualdade social prevaleceu sobre a questão racial. </span></p> Angela Randolpho Paiva ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 19:56:53 +0200 “Se um negro tiver oportunidade”: Cotas raciais e acesso ao ensino público no Brasil <p>O artigo analisa o impacto da concepção de Democracia Racial na construção das relações étnico-raciais no Brasil. Tomando como universo empírico uma política pública e educação de jovens e adultos serão avaliados os pontos de vistas articulados a favor e contra as cotas étnico-raciais no contexto contemporâneo. Com base no referencial analítico e teórico dos estudos raciais brasileiros, indaga-se sobre como se estrutura, no imaginário social de uma população de baixa renda, vista como “fracassada”, o tema clássico do “mito da Democracia Racial”. O artigo tem como metodologia uma etnografia cujos resultados apontam dimensões profundas da reprodução do Racismo no cotidiano escolar, forjadas nas tensões com as representações sociais sobre categorias como “raça” e “igualdade”.</p> Sandro José da Silva, Derik Bezerra Machado ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 20:00:01 +0200 Chess game for affirmative action at UFRJ In this paper, we analyze the process that lead the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) to adopt affirmative action admission in the early 2010s. For a long time UFRJ was nationally considered the headquarters of anti-affirmative action. So, why did that University finally take that decision? Our analysis revealed that the debate on affirmative action in that university was entangled in a wider discussion on higher education reform. This finding can help us to understand fundamental aspects of the true <em>spirit of the quotas</em> approved in that university. In the mid-2000s, UFRJ officers underestimated the necessity to be prepared for the symbolic, cultural and political changes that the increasing diversity inside the student body would bring. How deeply the lack of a substantial reflection on race, ethnicity, gender and class may expose UFRJ community to a chronic incapacity to address those contradictions when they become evident? Marcelo Paixao, Irene Rossetto ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 20:07:23 +0200 Evolution of afro-descendant representation in print advertising between 2001 and 2015 and Estatuto da Igualdade Racial de 2010: A Systematic Review <p>Beyond its business importance, advertising plays an important sociocultural role by serving as a vehicle for disseminating values, attitudes, stereotypes and ideologies such as racism, but there is still a lack of studies integrating publicity and racism. This exploratory study investigates the evolution of Afro-descendant representativeness in print advertising through a Systematic Review of Literature (SRL) between 2001 and 2015. In the results, a modest volume of annual research output was found, 3.7 per year, with 85 % of empirical articles using qualitative methods (92.7%) in addition to the quantitative ones (7.3%) reveals: 1) 85% of them insists in a continuous numerical underrepresentation (average presence of 7% in advertisements), although they represent 53.1% of the population; 2) unanimity regarding the continuous use of flagrant and subtle stereotypes that lead to a disguised and naturalized advertising segregation even after the Estatuto da Igualdade Racial. The main problems and challenges are discussed and recommendations designed to guide future studies.</p> Roberto Mauro Santos ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 20:04:28 +0200 “Só um buraco perdido no oco do mundo,” The Affective Subjects of the Wasteland in Narradores de Javé (2003) <p>Although 1990s Brazilian cinema revisits the sertão to find Brazilian identity, by the 2000’s some films begin challenging that narrative. As the state and its narratives move to the city, the sertão begins to be represented as a wasteland. This paper examines one such film, <em>Narradores de Javé</em> (<em>The Storytellers</em>; Caffé, 2003). Previously studied for its use of narration to countering the discourses of modernity, I propose that the film also constructs the wasteland as a social space by enacting affectivity to build a sense of communal narrative. First, I engage with Zygmunt Bauman’s <em>Wasted Lives</em> (2004) to explore how the state denies its inhabitants citizenship as subjectification. Second, in response to this disavowal, the villagers mobilize what Kathleen Stewart calls <em>Ordinary Affects</em> (2007) to subjectify by creating a social space through the communal sharing of stories that wasted objects allow them to recall.&nbsp;</p> Arno J Argueta ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 20:15:43 +0200 Estabilidade Macroeconômica no Brasil: do Imposto Inflacionário ao Populismo O artigo visa elucidar como as instituições político-econômicas brasileiras permitiram, até meados dos anos 1990, a solução do conflito distributivo via cobrança de um imposto inflacionário. Após a estabilização macroeconômica iniciada em 1994 e o estabelecimento de um novo arranjo institucional nos anos finais do século XX percebe-se, ainda durante o primeiro governo Lula, uma inflexão nas bases do arcabouço econômico vigente, tendo como ápice do processo a denominada “Nova Matriz Econômica” e, como resultado final, a recessão 2015-2016. MARCOS SANTOS MENEGHINI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 19:46:21 +0200 “BE CAREFUL WITH THE GERMAN!”: transnationalization process of capoeira, identity, cultural negotiation, and subjectivity <p>The goal of this article is to contribute to the debate about identity and subjectivity constructions in contemporary migrations and the cultural flows resulting from them, by focusing on the process of transnationalization in the practice of capoeira in Europe. The process began in the 1970s and influenced the development of capoeira, thus engendering changes wherever this dance-fight was established. The paper centers on the capoeiristas’ life experiences, through which they reconstructed their own identities, as well as discourses about capoeira, while at the same time considering the hegemonic powers that impose “game rules”. For this purpose, the capoeira universe is understood as an interstitial space in-between local negotiations and global tendencies. Therefore, habits, customs, and practices from different contexts are put into friction, henceforth potentially creating conditions for a multiplicity of new forms of subjectivity.</p> Fabio Araujo Fernandes ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 19:52:58 +0200 Interview with Dunja Fehimović and Rebecca Ogden <p>In this interview, Dunja Fehimović (Lecturer in Hispanic Studies at the Newcastle University) and Rebecca Ogden (Lecturer in Latin American Studies at the University of Kent) examine how perceptions of national image and reputation are shaped in the continent, which is the focs of their book "Branding Latin America: Strategies, Aims, Resistance". They discuss the way Latin America has experienced global visibility and competitiveness since colonial times and argue that the production of an uneven playing field in the world makes the continent an interesting case of analysis in terms of branding. While the countries in the region are still perceived as peripheral, branding strategies have been seen as a means to intervene in the global system to retell national storylines or shed unfavourable ones --with uneven results in each of the countries that have attempted it.</p> DANIEL SOUSA BUARQUE ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 13 Oct 2018 19:49:38 +0200