Arkæologi i Slesvig-Archäologie in Schleswig <p><strong>Fokus for tidsskriftet er arkæologi i Nord- og Sydslesvig. Artiklerne handler om aktuelle udgravninger og forskningsprojekter, og betragtes som et medie for danske og tyske institutioners samarbejde på tværs af grænsen. Der præsenteres både kulturhistoriske, naturvidenskabelige og historiske aspekter fra landsdelen.</strong></p> <p><strong>Artiklerne udspringer af et symposie, der afholdes hvert andet år, og det særlige er, at bidragene holdes på dansk eller tysk. Artiklerne publiceres også på dansk eller tysk.</strong></p> <p><strong>Næste symposie finder sted den 2.-3. februar 2024 på Jaruplund Højskole, Flensborg.</strong></p> <p> </p> Arkæologi i Slesvig da-DK Arkæologi i Slesvig-Archäologie in Schleswig 0909-0533 <p>Tidsskriftet er ikke ansvarlig for indhentelse af tilladelse fra tredjepart i forhold til brug af illustrationer m.m, ved eventuel genudgivelse af materialet.</p> <p>Forfatteren er alene ansvarlig for at indhente samtlige rettigheder til publikation af kortmateriale, billeder, grafisk materiale etc.</p> <p>Forfattere, der publicerer deres værker via dette tidsskrift, accepterer følgende vilkår:</p> <p>OPEN ACCESS: Forfatteren bevarer ophavsret og giver tidsskriftet første ret til publicering.</p> Korn og arkitektur. <p>During the spring and summer of 2020,<br>traces of a settlement dating to the<br>Neolithic<br>Period and Bronze Age were<br>archaeologically<br>excavated just north of<br>present-day Vejen in the central part of<br>Southern Jutland. The site was inhabited<br>at a time of major societal changes at the<br>end of the Neolithic Period. During the<br>excavation traces from several<br>houses<br>were found, dating primarily<br>between<br>the Late Neolithic and the Late Bronze<br>Age, with the majority of the houses<br>around 2000 BC. The site contained<br>both two- and three-aisled longhouses<br>as well as a so-called »hybrid house«,<br>which combines these two types of construction.<br>It is far from the first time<br>a hybrid house has been excavated in<br>Jutland, but only few have so far been<br>published. These houses can contribute<br>to new information regarding the<br>introduction of three-aisled houses in<br>Southern Scandinavia. Furthermore,<br>several pits containing large amounts of<br>charred grains were excavated. An archaeobotanical<br>analysis of these grains<br>has provided information about what<br>the inhabitants chose to cultivate and<br>consume, as well as information about<br>how crops etc. were stored. The results<br>showed that the main crop at Revsinggård<br>II was naked barley with a supplement<br>of emmer/spelt wheat. These analyses<br>have also given information about<br>the activities within the wider area surrounding<br>the houses and demonstrated<br>how important a good sampling strategy<br>is for further archeological research.</p> Simone Nørgaard Mehlsen Silja Arnfridardottir Christensen Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 19 42 Ein eisenzeitlicher Hofplatz mit erhaltener nutzungszeitlicher Laufoberfläche in einem Dünental auf der Insel Amrum (Nebel LA 431) <p>The western part of the North Frisian island<br>of Amrum is characterized by a wide<br>area of sand dunes. Beneath the dunes<br>the old geest landscape with prehistoric<br>settlement sites and burial grounds<br>is preserved. At the wind exposed site<br>Nebel LA 431 near the duck decoy Meeram<br>uncovered structures were documented<br>and small exploratory excavations<br>were carried out between 2020 and 2022.<br>Using modern methods, a farmstead of<br>the late pre-Roman Iron Age / early Roman<br>Imperial Period is being investigated<br>here. Several settlement sites had already<br>been documented by Hans Hingst in the<br>1960s and 1970s in the nearby surroundings.<br>The former occupation layer of the<br>settlement is characterized by extensive<br>stone pavements. These are partly covered<br>by a massive cultural layer containing<br>burnt clay, marine clay, charcoal, and<br>numerous pottery sherds. In addition<br>to a courtyard pavement preserved over<br>an area of about 25 m², in which a large<br>pit and a fireplace are embedded, it was<br>possible to document at least two socalled<br>manure gutters, carefully set out<br>of stones and representing the longitudinal<br>central passage in the livestock barn<br>section of the longhouse. Several oval<br>hearths, paved and partly covered with a<br>clay mantle, indicate the living part of the<br>house. Intensive traces of fire in the living<br>quarters suggest that this part of the<br>house had to be renewed at least once and<br>that several settlement phases presumably<br>overlap here. Furthermore, an old soil<br>with Neolithic flint artifacts beneath the<br>Iron Age settlement layer indicates older<br>settlement phases.</p> Christoph Unglaub Stefanie Klooss Ruth Blankenfeldt Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 43 58 Versunkene Landschaften im Nordfriesischen Watt – Das aktuelle RUNGHOLT-Projekt zur Erforschung von Kulturspuren <p>The North Frisian Wadden Sea is regarded<br>as an important natural area and is<br>now protected as a national park and a<br>UNESCO<br>World Heritage Site. At the<br>same time, it is a relic of a submerged cultural<br>landscape. Environmental influences,<br>extreme weather conditions but also<br>dyke construction and artificial land reclamation<br>have constantly changed the region<br>over the past millennia. While some<br>areas could be regained after a devastating<br>flood, other parts sank into the sea for<br>ever. Remains of the lost terps and their<br>agricultural land are preserved under the<br>present-day surface of the Wadden Sea.<br>An interdisciplinary, partly DFG-funded<br>research project is addressing the systematic<br>investigation of selected areas<br>in the North Frisian Wadden Sea. Largescale<br>non-invasive methods of geophysics<br>together with analyses of aerial photographs<br>and drone photography are combined<br>with targeted geoarchaeological and<br>archaeological investigations.<br>A defined working area is located near<br>the present-day Hallig Südfall, where the<br>trading centre of Rungholt, which sank on<br>16 January 1362, is assumed to have been<br>located. Here, for the first time, the path<br>of a medieval dyke, terps, and drainage<br>ditches could be reconstructed, and various<br>locations of tide gates identified.<br>Hallig Hooge and the surrounding tidal<br>flats form another area of investigation.<br>A large number of submerged settlement<br>60<br>areas as well as new insights into the extent<br>and organisation of medieval salt peat<br>quarrying are the focus of the current investigations<br>here.</p> Ruth Blankenfeldt Stefanie Klooss Hanna Hadler Bente Sven Majchczack Dennis Wilken Dirk Bienen-Scholt Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 59 74 Halvvejgård og Kongeengen – to nyundersøgte lokaliteter med hustomter fra senneolitikum og ældre bronzealder ved Vejen i Sydjylland. <p>In the central part of southern Jutland, two<br>settlements with houses from the Late Neolithic<br>and Early Bronze Age have recently<br>been excavated in Vejen. At Halvvejgård<br>and Kongeengen, respectively excavated<br>in 2020 and 2022, seven two-aisled houses<br>from the Late Neolithic and the earliest<br>Bronze Age (c. 2300 – 1500 BC) were<br>found along with ten three-aisled longhouses<br>from the middle of the Early Bronze<br>Age (c. 1500 – 1200 BC). Four of the twoaisled<br>houses had sunken-floors, while two<br>houses had wall trenches and represent a<br>rarely excavated two-aisled house-type that<br>sometimes features three-aisled elements.<br>Nine three-aisled houses from the younger<br>settlement had bole-walls, and three of<br>these were of monumental size, measuring<br>39 – 45 × 8 m. Observations in some of the<br>postholes clearly support the interpretation<br>as bole-walls. Two of these houses have remarkably<br>early radiocarbon dates, which is<br>relevant in the discussion of the transition<br>between the two- and three-aisled building<br>tradition. The settlements at Halvvejgård<br>and Kongeengen represent new important<br>additions to earlier excavated Late Neolithic<br>and Early Bronze Age settlements in the<br>local area and the region of southern Jutland<br>as well.</p> Martin Egelund Poulsen Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 75 96 Der Fundplatz von Mang de Bargen – Ein bronzezeitliches Gräberfeld in Schleswig-Holstein <p>The Mang de Bargen site near Bornhöved<br>(district of Segeberg), once the target of gravel<br>works, developed into one of the best-dated<br>Bronze Age sites in Schleswig-Holstein. The<br>burial ground was used from the Late Neolithic<br>to the Pre-Roman Iron Age for burying<br>the dead. For this long period of use, several<br>cultural changes, including burial rites, furnishings<br>and further activities can be traced.<br>The consistent dating of almost all the graves<br>allows in particular concretising the change<br>from inhumation to cremation and the transition<br>from burial mounds with tree coffins to<br>the beginning of the use of urns in northern<br>Germany. Anthropological analyses of the<br>cremations from Mang de Bargen and other<br>sites in the area also reveal the age-related<br>placement and furnishings, which motivate<br>new discussions. The aim of this contribution<br>is to present and discuss the latest results<br>from the site and the surrounding area.</p> Stefanie Schaefer-Di Maida Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 97 116 Auswirkungen der »Verursacherarchäologie« auf den Kenntnisstand zu eisenzeitlichen Siedlungen in Schleswig-Holstein <p>The first developer funded excavations<br>were carried out in Schleswig-Holstein in<br>2004. Since 2012, the so-called »Verursacherprinzip<br>« has been included in the<br>law (»Denkmalschutzgesetz«). These investigations<br>showed that previously unknown<br>Iron Age settlements were relatively often<br>recorded. This led to a considerable gain of<br>knowledge, especially for the eastern and<br>central parts of the country. Prior to 2012,<br>Iron Age settlements were rarely uncovered<br>on a large scale but were mainly excavated<br>as research projects in the West Coast regions.<br>This article presents the changed level<br>of knowledge and the resulting potential.</p> Ingo Lütjens Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 117 131 Die Siedlungsstruktur auf Als in der älteren Eisenzeit <p>Looking on a map, the island of Als has<br>a very interesting location – close to the<br>mainland, while still being surrounded<br>by the sea. Due to its location close to the<br>mainland of Sønderjylland, its political<br>affiliation changed repeatedly in historical<br>times, which is also being discussed<br>for prehistoric times. Bearing this in<br>mind, the development of the settlement<br>structure on Als during the Early Iron<br>Age (c. 500 BC – AD 350) was investigated<br>as part of a Master’s thesis, especially regarding<br>characteristic types of longhouses.<br>The results are presented here. For the<br>first time an attempt has been made to collect<br>and analyse all the material available<br>from Museum Sønderjylland – Arkæologi’s<br>finding reports. It is demonstrated<br>that the overall picture of the settlement<br>structure on Als and its development during<br>the Early Iron Age is quite consistent,<br>even though there are few regional<br>and chronological differing tendencies.<br>Furthermore each period from the Early<br>Pre-Roman Iron Age to the Late Roman<br>Iron Age seems to be dominated by one<br>specific longhouse type. The connection<br>to mainland building traditions cannot be<br>overlooked, but still the settlements on Als<br>developed their own regional traits.</p> Solveig Ketelsen Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 133 153 Aarupgaard tuegravplads gennem 75 år <p>Aarupgaard urnfield is situated in Southern<br>Jutland, between Gram and Ribe, and visitors<br>can still today catch a glimpse of the largest<br>barrows in the tall grass. The urnfield was<br>discovered in the late 19th century and although<br>minor excavations were carried out<br>over the years, it was excavated almost in<br>its entirety by Erik Jørgensen from Museum<br>Sønderjylland in 1970 – 1972. The excavations<br>revealed c. 1300 well-preserved urnfield<br>graves, making<br>Aarupgaard the largest<br>known urnfield in Denmark.<br>Aarupgaard urnfield has the potential to<br>become a cornerstone in our understanding<br>of Early Iron Age societies, but although many<br>years have passed since its excavation and the<br>material has been included in more projects<br>over the years, the site has never been fully<br>published. A working group was therefore established<br>in 2018, with the aim of preparing<br>Aarupgaard urnfield for publication. Digital<br>registration of the archival material alone is a<br>considerable task, but this is hopefully not the<br>last we hear of Aarupgaard urnfield.</p> Anna Egelund Poulsen Helene Agerskov Rose Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 155 165 Geheimnisvolle Gräben am Nübeler Noor <p>In 2018, a trial trench near an offshoot of<br>the Flensburg Fjord revealed a row of three<br>partly parallel linear ditches. Adjoining<br>one of those ditches was a much thinner<br>palisade ditch, another few smaller ditches,<br>as well as a settlement.<br>The buildings of the settlement had the<br>same direction as the parallel ditches and<br>date mainly to the late Roman Iron Age,<br>around the same time as the large depositions<br>of weaponry in the nearby situated<br>Nydam bog.<br>The construction of the parallel ditches<br>seems to date to the middle of the Bronze<br>Age, around the same time as an extensive<br>cultural shift happened throughout most<br>of Europe. However, they also seem to<br>have layers from the pre-Roman Iron Age<br>and a top layer, and thus closure, which is<br>contemporary with the settlement traces<br>of the late Roman Iron Age. Until now, no<br>other similar Bronze Age structures are<br>known from the Danish area. There are no<br>contemporary settlements nearby and the<br>original function of the ditches is still unclear.<br>Very similar structures are known<br>from Germany and in great number from<br>the United Kingdom. Here they are often<br>accompanied by pit rows, which may be<br>the case in Nübel too.<br>The parallel ditches, however, are not the<br>only fascinating aspect of this site. Some of<br>the nearby situated smaller ditches, as well<br>as a large depositional layer, seem to date to<br>the mid Neolithic, just as a nearby circular<br>structure may date to the Neolithic Period.<br>A fortified manor and a church show that<br>the site was also settled during the Medieval<br>Period, though presumably unaware of<br>the much older ditches.</p> Almut Fichte Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 167 183 Kurzbericht über die Ausgrabung des kaiser- bis völkerwanderungszeitlichen und wikingerzeitlichen Siedlungsplatzes Hörup LA 28, Kreis Schleswig-Flensburg <p>In Hörup a settlement of the late Imperial<br>to Migration Period could be documented<br>with houses and fence-parallel structures.<br>Numerous slag pits as remains of bloomery<br>furnaces probably also belong to this epoch.<br>During the Migration Period there<br>is a break-off of the settlement. The next<br>building activities do not begin again until<br>the late 8th and 9th centuries. A settlement<br>continuity from the Migration Period to<br>the Viking Age cannot be proven in Hörup.</p> Ringo Klooss Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 185 191 Nye fund af »La Tène«-sværd i Sydvestjylland <p>During the last few years, several new<br>swords of the La Tène-type have been<br>found in Southwestern Jutland. They are,<br>like most of the earlier finds, found in<br>urn graves or firepit graves from the first<br>century BC. This article presents three<br>new finds from two locations, Erisvænget<br>and Tjæreborg Nord, and puts them into<br>their military and social contexts.<br>The new finds expand our numbers<br>of La Tène-swords in the region. Furthermore,<br>the new finds are part of large<br>excavations, and thus it is possible to relate<br>the finds to the cultural landscape<br>around them.<br>The production, distribution, and use<br>of the swords will be discussed. Analyses<br>of one of the swords, from Tjæreborg<br>Nord, and the metal analysis hint at a<br>possible local production of La Tèneswords,<br>though using foreign resources.<br>Further, the article discusses why<br>La Tène-type swords spread to the Germanic<br>area at the very end of the period<br>when the La Tène-swords were used. It<br>seems that the swords do not signify a<br>certain social class, but rather a new military<br>development which is incorporated<br>into a social network of relationships between<br>people.</p> Tobias Torfing Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 193 206 Schiffswracks im schleswig-holsteinischen Wattenmeer: Zum Stand der aktuellen Forschung <p>Between 2016 and 2020, four new<br>shipwrecks<br>were discovered in Schleswig-<br>Holstein‘s Wadden Sea as a result of<br>coastal erosion. In 2022, two additional<br>shipwrecks were exposed by hurricanes.<br>All wrecksites are located in the intertidal<br>zone, i. e. on Hörnum Odde (island<br>of Sylt), as well as the outer shoals of Japsand<br>and Süderoogsand, which form part<br>of the North Frisian barrier islands and<br>have been navigation hazards since time<br>immemorial. The investigated wrecks date<br>between the 17th and 20th centuries AD.<br>Some remarkable constructional features<br>could be observed, which allow inferences<br>on the wrecks‘ origins and shipbuilding<br>traditions. Two of the wrecks feature double-<br>planking carried out in the characteristic<br>Dutch-style shell-first technique that<br>was – until recently – regarded as a fleeting<br>phenomenon of the late 16th and early<br>17th centuries, but based on these new<br>discoveries, this peculiar construction can<br>now be traced to the mid-18th century. In<br>general, the North Frisian Wadden Sea was<br>a heavily Dutch-influenced area, which<br>finds not only expression in the majority<br>of shipwrecks, but also the maritime culture<br>of the islands. Another aspect worth<br>noting in the context of archaeological<br>research in the intertidal zone is the involvement<br>of local citizens, who facilitate<br>the work of the archaeologists in these<br>remote areas with vital logistical support<br>and knowledge of the local environment.<br>This highlights the public responsibility of<br>208<br>archaeologists to involve and share their<br>knowledge with the local community. This<br>paper will provide an overview of the investigated<br>shipwrecks and an update on<br>interim research results.</p> Daniel Zwick Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 207 222 Illuminiertes Bornhöved – eine außergewöhnliche Hügelkonstruktion der Bronzezeit <p>North of Bornhöved, district of Segeberg,<br>remains of an unusual burial mound with<br>a ditch and a post henge were found in<br>summer 2018 in a new development area.<br>The barrow belongs to a group of 5 mounds<br>dating to the Older Bronze Age. In cooperation<br>with the Archäologisches Landesamt<br>Schleswig-Holstein and the municipality of<br>Bornhöved, the tumulus was investigated<br>over a large area in 2018 by the project D 3<br>within the CRC 1266, University of Kiel.<br>The tumulus stands out due to its unusual<br>construction. The central grave was<br>surrounded by a repeatedly excavated<br>ditch, stone circle, stone packing and post<br>henge. Extensive botanical and geological<br>investigations point to a mound that was<br>repeatedly reshaped, enlarged and modified<br>with new features. The highlight of<br>the site was certainly a fire that enclosed<br>the mound in a circle of flames. The burial<br>mound was also later used as a burial place.<br>Seven urn graves partly preserved under<br>a colluvium (Younger Bronze Age) and<br>three stratigraphically younger oval stone<br>pavements bear witness to this. Settlement<br>traces were found in the south-west of the<br>mound with a waste pit below a cultural<br>layer and postholes dating to the Bronze<br>or Iron Age. The article will highlight the<br>complex phases of use of the barrow over<br>the centuries from the Late Neolithic to<br>the Bronze Age and beyond. This type of<br>complex burial construction is typical of<br>the Late Neolithic / Older Bronze Age, but<br>rarely attested in Schleswig-Holstein and<br>Denmark. Rather, the unusual construction<br>points to parallels in the West, the<br>Netherlands and Belgium.</p> Jutta Kneisel Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 223 239 Detektorafsøgning ved Petersborg <p>The use of metal detectors and the developer<br>funded archaeological excavations have<br>long been separated – only rarely was the<br>use of metal detectors incorporated as a tool<br>on typical developer funded excavations.<br>One example of this are the excavations at<br>Petersborg during the period 2014 –2021<br>where Museum Sønderjylland used metal<br>detectors systematically. The excavations<br>revealed settlement evidence from the Neolithic<br>period and Late Bronze Age, as well as<br>a village in two phases dating to the Early<br>and High Middle Ages. Amateur archaeologists<br>organised rallies there in advance of<br>the excavation campaigns, and systematic<br>searches were carried out during the excavations.<br>The many small finds were registered<br>using a hand-held GPS device, and<br>the data was subsequently plotted in MapInfo.<br>By comparing the metal finds with<br>other types of evidence, knowledge about<br>the local rubbish policy as well as information<br>about which types of metal objects the<br>people of the village used during the Early<br>and High Middle Ages can be gained. The<br>incorporation of metal detectors on excavations<br>will not only add other types of objects<br>to the excavation results, but also improve<br>our understanding of sites which have been<br>identified but not yet excavated.</p> Anders Hartvig Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 241 254 Eine Siedlungskammer der späten Römischen Kaiser- und Völkerwanderungszeit von Flintbek, Kreis Rendsburg-Eckernförde <p>The area around Flintbek in the Rendsburg-<br>Eckernförde district was previously<br>known primarily for the numerous grave fi<br>nds from the Stone and Bronze Ages. Settlements<br>were hardly detectable. Archaeological<br>sites from the late Roman and Migration<br>Periods have so far been completely<br>absent. During 2020 and 2021, three excavations<br>took place as part of the development<br>of new building areas in the periphery of<br>Flintbek. The sites are settlements from the<br>late Roman Iron Age and Migration Period<br>with numerous structures and homesteads.<br>These sites are special, not just because they<br>are the first evidence of sites of this date in<br>the Flintbek area, but above all because of<br>the very well-preserved settlement structures.<br>Noteworthy are the types of houses<br>that are rare and unusual for the area. Socalled<br>corridor houses appear at the Flintbek<br>sites LA 186 and LA 192, which were previously<br>only known from two other sites in<br>Schleswig-Holstein. Outstanding, however,<br>are the strong influences in house construction<br>from the north or the area of northern<br>Schleswig-Holstein and southern Jutland<br>that can be observed on all three settlement<br>areas, which were previously rarely seen in<br>this form for the Holstein area. The Jutlandic<br>influence manifests itself more clearly in the<br>form of ship-shaped house plans and houses<br>that have their best parallels on Danish sites such as Vorbasse. There are also mixed forms<br>that point to both northern and eastern traditions.<br>Paved paths and squares also point<br>to connections to the north, which until now<br>were virtually unknown to settlements of this<br>time on the Schleswig-Holstein mainland.</p> Eric Müller Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 255 271 Højhave – ein reich ausgestattetes Frauengrab der jüngeren Wikingerzeit bei Hadersleben <p>In August 2020, a metal detectorist found<br>fragments from a copper-alloy basin and<br>a wooden lid above a ploughed over burial<br>mound, about 7 km south of Haderslev. A<br>trial excavation carried out a few days later<br>could demonstrate that the artifacts came<br>from a 2.0 m wide and minimum 2.6 m long<br>chamber grave aligned southwest-northeast.<br>Only 5 – 10 cm of the fill was preserved.<br>During this trial excavation more fragments<br>of the copper-alloy basin were found,<br>two tongue-shaped Jellinge style brooches,<br>dating to c. 900 – 970 AD, iron fragments of<br>a wooden bucket and other iron fragments.<br>Without doubt, the burial was severely endangered<br>by further ploughing.<br>During the rescue excavation in autumn<br>2021, it was possible to excavate the<br>grave, financed by The Agency of Culture<br>and Palaces and Museum Sønderjylland.<br>Although the base of the grave was only<br>few centimetres below the topsoil, skeletal<br>remains were preserved, and the artifacts<br>were still in situ. The deceased woman lay<br>in the middle of the 5.4 m² large wooden<br>chamber. In addition to the objects already<br>mentioned, the grave also contained<br>a wooden casket, a key, a game board, a<br>knife, a pair of shears, glass beads, silver<br>fragments, and a third brooch.<br>The chamber grave from Højhave is one<br>of the most well-equipped women’s graves<br>from Viking age Denmark.</p> Silke Eisenschmidt Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 273 294 Untersuchungen zum ländlichen Raum der Wikingerzeit. <p>Metal detector surveys by a member of<br>the ›Detektorgruppe Schleswig-Holstein‹<br>have recently revealed a new archaeological<br>site (LA 89) near Bohnert, in the<br>municipality of Kosel, district of Rendsburg-<br>Eckernförde. Due to the detector<br>finds, which among other objects yielded<br>an equal-armed brooch, dirhams, and<br>oblate spheroid weights, early medieval<br>activities became evident but cannot be<br>specified further. The topographical situation<br>of the site, at a hilltop and close<br>to the shore of the Schlei inlet, as well as<br>the proximity to other prominent Viking<br>Age sites near Kosel, made an investigation<br>promising. Subsequently, geoarchaeological<br>prospection surveys on<br>the farmlands revealed a prominent geological<br>structure and a concentration of<br>presumably anthropogenic structures,<br>which in combination with the metal<br>detector finds and the topographical as<br>well as archaeological context clearly<br>suggest Viking Age occupation activities.<br>Even if an exact interpretation of<br>the site must remain open for the time<br>being, the identification of a new site of<br>the Early Middle Ages can provide new<br>impulses for the archaeology of the Viking<br>Age Schlei.</p> Valerie Palmowski Tobias Schade Moritz Mennenga Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 295 312 Fæstedskatten – oprindelsen <p>The Viking Age gold hoard from Fæsted<br>was discovered by amateur archaeologists<br>and excavated by Sønderskov<br>Museum in 2016 and has since grown<br>by several additional artefacts. The hoard<br>has been studied in several articles,<br>some with more scholarly value than<br>others. Three articles should be highlighted,<br>which shed light on the hoard in<br>different ways; an initial in-depth presentation<br>of the find (Grundvad/Poulsen<br>2020), a typological analysis of the<br>Jelling style‘s relationship to Gorm the<br>Old and the Jelling dynasty‘s use of the<br>Nordic styles, where the hoard and the<br>artifacts are used as a case (Grundvad/<br>Knudsen 2017) and then an attempt to<br>interpret the hoard as a religious deposition<br>(Grundvad 2022; Grundvad in<br>press).<br>This article is the fourth in a planned<br>series of analyses, each of which aims to<br>illuminate the Fæsted hoard from different<br>perspectives. Thus, the goal here<br>is to ascertain the origin of the jewellry<br>and artifacts from the treasure. It is clear<br>though, that this is far from feasible to<br>do with all objects. For some artifacts,<br>unambiguous relationships are clear<br>to see. For some of the other objects, a<br>slightly bold interpretation of origin will<br>be presented, where both distinctions<br>are made to the Roman imperial jewellery<br>seen in the iconographic sources<br>and to the loot which the Vikings are<br>known to have brought home from raids.<br>Finally, the aim is to present what<br>the different origins reveal and how the<br>hoard of gold artifacts seems intentionally<br>put together.</p> Lars Grundvad Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 313 329 Udgravningen i Perlegade og Sønderborgs historie i middelalderen <p>In 2020, two houses burned down on Perlegade<br>21 in Sønderborg, Denmark. They<br>were soon thereafter demolished. One of<br>the houses was timber build and from the<br>late 16th century, while the other house was<br>from around 1800. In advance of a new<br>construction project on the address Museum<br>Sønderjylland – Arkæologi excavated<br>a 236 m² area at the site in 2021. The excavation<br>resulted in the findings of five older<br>phases of buildings: the oldest phase from<br>the 14th century and the last phase from the<br>16th century. The oldest building was built<br>with earth fast posts. From around 1400 it<br>changed to a timber-framed construction<br>on a stone foundation wall. The different<br>phases had approximately the same placement,<br>and orientation throughout the period.<br>Moreover, some of the internal organisation<br>in each house could be identified.<br>Perlegade has been the main thoroughfare<br>throughout Sønderborg’s history from<br>around 1300 to modern time. The results<br>not only contributed to the knowledge of<br>the oldest house types in Sønderborg, but<br>it also provided evidence that Perlegade<br>and therefore also Sønderborg city extended<br>north all the way to Perlegade 21 in the<br>14th century. This paper is a preliminary<br>presentation of the results of the excavation.</p> Christina Berg Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 331 344 Den sidste urnegrav fra Tombølgård – en jernaldergrav med træskrin og en bronzealder celt <p>This article presents the last of the graves<br>excavated in 2018 at the Tombølgård cemetery<br>site on Als. The cemetery site dates<br>to the Early Roman Iron Age, B 1 and B 2.<br>The site is known from a small excavation<br>of a single urn in 1932, and from metal<br>detector finds found between 2016 and<br>2018, and finally from the excavation in<br>2018. The grave goods from this last cremation<br>grave from 2018 include a silver<br>hair pin, shears, knives, and the remains<br>of a lock for a wooden box. The box had<br>probably contained some odd and old objects,<br>which were found in the urn. These<br>objects suggest that the deceased may<br>have had a significant role in the society<br>at the time.</p> Mads Leen Jensen Copyright (c) 2023 Tidsskrift og forfatter 2023-12-13 2023-12-13 2022 19 345 363