Arkæologi i Slesvig-Archäologie in Schleswig https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig <p><strong>Fokus for tidsskriftet er arkæologi i Nord- og Sydslesvig. Artiklerne handler om aktuelle udgravninger og forskningsprojekter, og betragtes som et medie for danske og tyske institutioners samarbejde på tværs af grænsen. Der præsenteres både kulturhistoriske, naturvidenskabelige og historiske aspekter fra landsdelen.</strong></p> <p><strong>Artiklerne udspringer af et symposie, der afholdes hvert andet år, og det særlige er, at bidragene holdes på dansk eller tysk. Artiklerne publiceres også på dansk eller tysk.</strong></p> <p><strong>Næste symposie finder sted den 4.-5. februar 2022 på Jaruplund Højskole, Flensborg.</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Museum Sønderjylland da-DK Arkæologi i Slesvig-Archäologie in Schleswig 0909-0533 <p>Tidsskriftet er ikke ansvarlig for indhentelse af tilladelse fra tredjepart i forhold til brug af illustrationer m.m, ved eventuel genudgivelse af materialet.</p> <p>Forfatteren er alene ansvarlig for at indhente samtlige rettigheder til publikation af kortmateriale, billeder, grafisk materiale etc.</p> <p>Forfattere, der publicerer deres værker via dette tidsskrift, accepterer følgende vilkår:</p> <p>Forsinket OPEN ACCESS: Forfatteren bevarer ophavsret og giver tiddskriftet første ret til publicering.</p> Grænser i landskabet - Sten- og jorddiger https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128605 <p>The stone and earth banks belong to<br>a category<br>of archaeological evidence,<br>which can contribute to our understanding<br>of the cultural landscape. Often,<br>however, they do not receive the<br>attention they deserve. They are spread<br>across the agricultural landscape like a<br>fine mesh and may provide information<br>about agricultural systems, administrative<br>borders, and previous land ownership.<br>Most of the stone and earth banks<br>were erected during the reorganisation<br>of<br>the villages’ lands towards the end of the<br>18th century but may also be older.<br>Museum<br>Sønderjylland has worked with the<br>stone and earth banks for many years to<br>preserve this category of evidence – increasingly<br>so, they are in danger of disappearing<br>completely due to modern intensive<br>agricultural cultivation methods.<br>Studies in five areas of eastern Denmark<br>have shown that 70 % of the banks shown<br>on maps from 1884 had disappeared in<br>1981 (Bang 2009, 6). In this way, important<br>pieces have been lost to the understanding<br>of the cultural landscape. The<br>purpose of this article is to draw attention<br>to the fact that the still preserved<br>banks in many cases are the last and only<br>visible evidence of abandoned farms, villages<br>and older field and cultivation systems.<br>The purpose is also to investigate<br>the extent to which the banks appearing<br>on historical maps can be found in the<br>archaeological excavations.</p> Tenna R. Kristensen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 11 24 Zwei "Ziegelwracks" in der Kieler Aussenförde? https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128606 <p>In 2015 and 2016, two unknown wrecks –<br>the MALIK and the 2-Anker Wrack – were<br>found in the Kiel Fjord. Both sites were<br>investigated by short surveys during 2015,<br>2016, and 2018. The large<br>amount of bricks<br>covering the wrecks is characteristic of<br>both sites.<br>This article gives an overview of past<br>and current research on the wrecks. Additionally,<br>an initial interpretation of the<br>context of the wrecks is suggested including<br>a possible research project. From the<br>author's point of view, both wrecks were<br>once most likely small wooden sailing<br>ships for commercial purposes; such vessels<br>were very common on the coasts of the<br>Baltic Sea and the North Sea.<br>Due to the lack of usable archaeological<br>data, a detailed dating of the wrecks is not<br>yet possible. Comparative analyses of the<br>anchors and the visible, structural parts of<br>the wrecks roughly date wrecks to the period<br>between the 1830s and the first half of<br>the 20th century.</p> Philipp Grassel Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 25 38 Bjerndrup - et skattefund med bebyggelse fra vikingetiden https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128607 <p>In the early part of 2018, three metal detectorists<br>discovered several Viking Age<br>silver coins on a field near the village of<br>Bjerndrup in the southeastern part of Jutland,<br>Denmark. Local archaeologists were<br>contacted and in cooperation with the<br>landowner they were able to excavate the<br>area during two campaigns in 2018 and<br>2019 – excavations in which the original<br>finders took part with their metal detectors.<br>The excavations revealed 224 pieces<br>of silver: 150 coins or fragments of coins,<br>fourteen silver ingots and sixty pieces<br>of hack silver. The coins were Kufic, Anglo-<br>Saxon, Frankish, and Danish, from the<br>emporia Ribe and Hedeby. The date of the<br>younger coins suggests that the hoard was<br>buried not long after 910 AD.<br>The removal of the topsoil revealed<br>a longhouse, three smaller buildings<br>and nineteen sunken-feature-buildings<br>(SFBs). The longhouse was 14C-dated to<br>c. 945 – 993 AD, while some of the other<br>buildings appear to be a bit older. The SFBs<br>contained spindle whorls and loom weights<br>indicating textile production. One SFB<br>stood out as it contained e. g. glass beads, a<br>miniature silver sword, and a Thor’s hammer<br>amulet.<br>The combination of coins and especially<br>the presence of coins from both Hedeby and<br>Ribe sheds new light on early Danish coinage<br>and trading between Ribe and Hedeby.</p> Søren Brøgger Anders Hartvig Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 39 50 Damhus-skatten - en foreløbig præsentation af en Ribeudmøntning fra tidlig 800-årene https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128608 <p>The article presents the main results of the<br>analysis of the hoard from Damhus. The<br>hoard<br>consists of 262 coins exclusively. It was<br>found during a metal detecting campaign<br>just outside Ribe, southwestern Jutland, and<br>subsequently excavated during the autumn<br>of 2018. Only two types of coins were represented<br>in the hoard; both types belong<br>to Malmer’s so-called combination group 4<br>(KG 4). The vast majority of the coins, i. e. 258,<br>belong to the type face/forward-looking deer,<br>while the last four coins belong to the type<br>ship/forward-looking deer.<br>An analysis of the dies used on the hoard’s<br>coins as well as the already known c. fourteen<br>coins showed that thirty-six dies were used<br>for the reverse design and fifty-seven for the<br>obverse design. Presumably, hundreds of<br>thousands of these coins were struck over a<br>long period of time, allowing minor variations<br>of the main type to evolve.<br>It is particularly surprising that the type<br>ship/forward-looking deer appears to have<br>been a halvpenning (halfpence).<br>The coins are seen as an immediate continuation<br>of the frequently found type Wodan/<br>Monster sceattas, which were minted by the<br>king until the beginning of the 9th century in<br>Ribe and possibly also in the other large emporia<br>of the 8th century, i. e. Åhus in Scania<br>and Groß Strömkendorff in Mecklenburg.</p> Claus Feveile Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 51 66 Kosel, neue Informationen zu einem altbekannten wikingerzeitlichen Bestattungsort https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128609 <p>between<br>the landscapes of Angeln and<br>Schwansen. In the Viking Age it was part<br>of the border region between the Saxonian<br>and the Slavic cultures in the South and<br>the Scandinavian culture in the North. In<br>the context of a project supported by the<br>Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, ›Frühgeschichtliche<br>und mittelalterliche Besiedlung<br>von Angeln und Schwansen‹, two Viking<br>Age settlements (9th/10th century) and<br>a burial site (c. 930 – 975 AD) have been<br>excavated between 1983 and 1993.<br>In 2019, the author carried out the first<br>analysis of the highly fragmented human<br>skeletal remains from the burial site of Kosel-<br>Ost for her dissertation project within<br>the SFB 1070 RessourcenKulturen, project<br>B 06. The following article summarises<br>the first results: in Kosel-Ost both men<br>and women, as well as children and adults<br>were buried. Based on the archaeological<br>record few child burials had been identified<br>but could now be complemented with<br>additional cases. An evaluation and contextual<br>classification of individual burials,<br>based solely on the archaeological data, is<br>complex for Kosel-Ost. The consideration<br>of singular aspects, such as the presence or<br>absence of burial mounds, is not sufficient,<br>to approach the complex burial reality. A<br>bioarchaeological approach that combines<br>archaeological and osteological data offers<br>new perspectives.<br>An assessment of dental pathologies revealed<br>that varying dietary habits regarding<br>carbohydrate enriched foods possibly<br>existed. This was demonstrated by the occurrence of dental caries which is limited to and significantly correlates with individuals buried under burial mounds. Furthermore, differences in burial customs were re-evaluated on the basis of the osteological results.</p> Valerie Elena Palmowski Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 67 87 Die nordfriesischen Inseln im 8. Jahrhundert. https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128610 <p>During the recent years, the North Sea Harbour<br>Project investigated Early Medieval settlement<br>sites (7th – 11th century) on the North<br>Frisian Island of Föhr (Germany). The extensive<br>fieldwork combined geophysical and<br>geoarchaeological surveys as well as archaeological<br>excavations to uncover the harbour<br>locations as well as the settlement sites. The<br>paper presents results from the harbour and<br>trading sites of Goting and Witsum. The sites<br>are located in small inlets along the edge of<br>the high pleistocene cores of the islands with<br>access to the low marshlands, beaches or tidal<br>creeks. The geoarchaeological surveys show<br>a clear maritime impact and navigability of<br>the waterways, providing natural harbours<br>for the settlements. The nearby ring fortress<br>Borgsumburg housed a military elite and<br>provided security and control for the trading<br>sites. The prospections and excavations revealed<br>a distinctive settlement pattern dominated<br>by pit houses with traces of craft activities<br>such as glass and amber working and a<br>large-scale textile production. Remains from<br>smithing workshops prove the construction<br>or repair of boats. Numerous finds of imported<br>goods from the core Frisian area, the<br>Frankish empire, and Scandinavia indicate a<br>strong connection to the cross-regional trade<br>routes along the North Sea coasts. Especially<br>the analysis of glass objects shows that the<br>North Frisian Islands were strongly embedded<br>in the North Sea trade networks of the<br>8th and 9th centuries with connections towards<br>the Rhineland as well as the important<br>emporium of Ribe (South Denmark).</p> Bente Sven Majchczack Tina Wunderlich Dennis Wilken Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 89 104 Beboelse i landskabet - en analyse af bebyggelsernes placering i landskabet fra jernalder til middelalder i området omrking Eltang Vig https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128611 <p>This paper examines the location of the<br>excavated farms and settlements in the<br>landscape surrounding the tunnel valley<br>of Eltang Vig from the Iron Age to the<br>Middle Ages.<br>The main bulk of the archaeological<br>evidence comes from several campaigns<br>at the archaeological sites of Banggård<br>II, Eltang, and Marielyst from 2014<br>to 2019, and their connection to older<br>excavated sites.<br>The landscape in this area was affected<br>significantly during the ice age. The<br>terrain changes rapidly, and the landscape<br>is characterised by high hills and<br>tunnel valleys, closely connected to The<br>Little Belt. The large, investigated area<br>of approximately 123 ha offers a great<br>opportunity to study the archaeological<br>area and to focus on the location of the<br>buildings in the landscape on a greater<br>scale. Although large parts of the landscape<br>have not been archaeologically examined,<br>the survey indicates that some<br>areas were more densely populated than<br>others during different periods of time,<br>which could indicate that the role of the<br>landscape and the use of it changed over<br>time, due to aspects such as local agriculture,<br>trade, and security.</p> Casper Marienlund Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 105 118 Jernalderofringer fra Stavsager Høj ved Fæsted - en foreløbig præsentation af deponeringer og kontekster https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128612 <p>In the winter of 2017/2018, a team of<br>amateur<br>archaeologists discovered a<br>previously unknown site which contained<br>several weapon deposits roughly<br>dating to the period AD 150 – 550.<br>Based on the data they had collected it<br>was possible to narrow down four concentrations,<br>of which three consisted<br>mainly<br>of various types of weapons.<br>Museum Sønderskov has since excavated<br>these three sites with financial support<br>from the Danish Department of<br>Castles and Culture<br>The results are exciting. Not only<br>has it been possible to excavate and rescue<br>the weapon deposits from ploughing<br>activities,<br>it has also been possible<br>to establish<br>that a multi-phased<br>well-founded longhouse was used for<br>multiple depositions which actually<br>consisted of more than just weapons.<br>Equally interesting were three larger<br>dark culture layers where especially<br>one revealed the remains of an intense<br>destruction of copper alloy artifacts<br>such as belt fittings, brooches, parts of<br>drinking horns etc.<br>This paper is a preliminary presentation<br>of the results of the surveys<br>which have been conducted at this<br>newly found site. Furthermore, it is a<br>presentation of the theory that these<br>deposits are part of the pre-Christian<br>rituals carried out in a region that today<br>is named after the god Frey. A series of<br>depositions where the gold hoard »The<br>Fæsted Hoard« from the 10th century is<br>the so far youngest.</p> Lars Grundvad Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 119 138 Das "Nydamboot" im Museum: Inwertsetzungen und Präsentationen im Wandel der Zeit https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128614 <p>value, however, is not inherent but culturally<br>constructed and is closely related to<br>practices of valorisation. These objects, and<br>also the past itself, may become socio-cultural<br>›resources‹ (according to the definition<br>of the Collaborative Research Centre<br>SFB 1070 ResourceCultures). As such<br>they have meanings for museums, societies,<br>and social groups.<br>These meanings can also become evident<br>in the way the objects are presented<br>in museums, in the changing presentations<br>through time, and in the way they<br>are received.<br>The focus of this article is the process<br>of musealisation and on exhibition studies<br>using the example of the ›Nydamboot‹ exhibited<br>in Schleswig (Germany).<br>Based on various sources from archives<br>and newspapers as well as interviews with<br>experts, this contribution discusses how<br>the archaeological find in the bog became<br>the present exhibit ›Nydamboot‹, and how<br>meanings related to the boat changed<br>through time and became apparent in<br>its exhibitions in Flensburg, Kiel, and<br>Schleswig:<br>the ›Nydamboot‹ is not only<br>an archaeological<br>object or an exhibit, it is<br>also a historical witness, a creator of identity,<br>and a symbol.</p> Tobias Schade Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 139 157 Mellem angler og jyder ved Kassø https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128615 <p>After 150 km of trial trenches and two years<br>of excavations, we can now begin to see<br>the contours of the settlement pattern in<br>the Roman Iron Age at Kassø. Three main<br>phases may be recognised in the habitation<br>each dominated by different types of houses<br>as well as different burial<br>customs. Taken<br>together, they present a significantly more<br>nuanced picture than we might otherwise<br>recognise when our studies are based on<br>small-scale excavations only covering a minor<br>part of the whole.</p> Per Ethelberg Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 159 177 Ønlev-kvinden - en højstatus kvindegrav med et kirurgisk redskab fra yngre romersk jernalder (225-250 e.Kr.) https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128616 <p>During 2017 – 2019, the Museum Sønderjylland<br>– Arkæologi excavated a site (31.710 m2)<br>located at Kassø (Rødekro) in advance of building<br>activities. A female grave, which promised<br>to be quite interesting due to her grave goods,<br>was found here. The deceased was buried with<br>grave goods consisting of pottery, glass and<br>amber beads, copper alloy brooches, a silver<br>brooch, a knife in a special scabbard, and an<br>artefact which is interpreted as a surgical instrument.<br>Analyses and comparisons of grave<br>goods indicate the social status of the female,<br>probably also of her origin, as well as the date<br>of the grave to C1 b (225 – 250 AD). The surgical<br>instrument is analysed, interpreted, and<br>discussed in detail. It is argued that the Ønlev-<br>grave is the only known Iron Age grave,<br>found outside the Roman Empire, which we<br>may assume to be the grave of a physician dating<br>to the period 225 – 250 AD.</p> Katrine Moberg Riis Annette Frölich Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 179 198 En rig kvindegrav med hesteudstyr - nye resultater fra Tombølgård https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128617 <p>In 2018, the Museum Sønderjylland carried<br>out an excavation of the cemetery<br>site of Tombølgård on the island of Als,<br>southern Jutland, which has been partly<br>destroyed by modern ploughing. The<br>cemetery site dates to the Early Roman<br>Iron Age, B 1 and B 2. The site is known<br>from a small excavation of a single urn<br>in 1932, and from metal detector finds<br>found between 2016 and 2018. During<br>the excavation in 2018, the last four cremation<br>graves, of which two were intact,<br>were excavated. This article presents the<br>grave goods from one of these two cremation<br>graves. It included a gold berlock<br>pendant, a Roman saucepan, a bridle, and<br>horse headgear. The bridle and headgear<br>belong to the earliest Germanic types,<br>and parallels may be drawn to the Rhine<br>area and the auxiliary cavalry units posted<br>there during the Roman expansion of<br>the area up to the Elbe.</p> Mads Leen Jensen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 199 220 Fragmenter af et håndværk: Ten- og vævevægte fra førromersk jernalder i Jylland https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128618 <p>Until now, spindle whorls and loom<br>weights from the Pre-Roman and Early<br>Roman Iron Age in Denmark have never<br>been studied systematically, leaving an unexploited<br>potential of insights into Early<br>Iron Age textile craft. These spinning and<br>weaving tools were finally documented<br>and investigated during our bachelor project<br>and master’s thesis at the University<br>of Copenhagen in 2015 and 2017. The geographical<br>focus was set on Jutland with its<br>many settlements and burial sites from the<br>periods in question. The projects resulted<br>in various conclusions, among others that<br>the use of the warp-weighted loom is reserved<br>for the few, as indicated by a small<br>number of loom-weights, which also coincides<br>with the weaving technological<br>testimonies of the many well-preserved<br>textiles. Based on the work of e. g. Centre<br>for Textile Research, this article lines<br>out how to make analytical use of a loomweight.<br>The spindle whorls appear in much<br>higher numbers, representing a wide range<br>of spinning potentials. The primary type<br>of spindle-whorl is disc-shaped and manufactured<br>from re-used potsherds, which<br>have been rounded and pierced from both<br>sides. We have tested these widely debated<br>clay objects in a spinning test, which<br>proved to determine that uneven sherds<br>with skew piercings may very well be used<br>as spindle whorls and do not have a negative<br>effect on the outcome of the thread.<br>The focus on these humble artefacts has<br>integrated the textile tools in a conceptual<br>framework stretching across manufacture<br>and function, which is widening the<br>understanding of textile craft in the Early<br>Iron Age.</p> Line Lerke Christine Søvsø Hjorth-Jørgensen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 221 238 Knoglerne fra Kassø https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128619 <p>The excavations in Kassø in 2017 – 2018<br>covered 51.4 ha land. Among the excavations<br>were the remains of two barely visible<br>Bronze Age burial mounds as well as an early<br>Roman Iron Age cremation burial site with<br>an adjoining, contemporary settlement.<br>Several of the individuals buried at the<br>cremation cemetery site seem to be young<br>to middle aged men; there are no clearly<br>identified women and only few children, including<br>one infant. The individuals carried<br>a few pathological markers, some of them<br>showing signs of arthritis, some possible<br>genetic dental pathology, one individual<br>showed signs of malnutrition in childhood,<br>and another showed possible signs of a rich<br>carbohydrate diet. Many of the graves also<br>contained animal bones, almost exclusively<br>of sheep/goat and mostly just a single lower<br>leg. Furthermore, most of the represented<br>grave goods are knives and parts of the belt,<br>whereas four to five graves contained parts<br>of weapons and shields.<br>The six graves from the Bronze Age<br>mounds have not yielded as much information<br>as the Early Roman Iron Age cremation<br>burial site. Most individuals were merely<br>identified as adults, and none could be sexed.<br>Nor did they show signs of pathology. However,<br>two of the graves contained more than<br>one person. Grave goods were only found in<br>graves dating to the Early Bronze Age and<br>comprised mostly adornments such as arm<br>and neck rings and tutuli.</p> Almut Fichte Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 239 258 Tekstilproduktion i dansk bronzealder https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128620 <p>So far, the archaeological research gives a<br>good overview of the woolen textiles of the<br>Early Bronze Age, especially the finds from<br>the oak coffin burials. There are, however,<br>still questions to ask about the production<br>and manufacturing of wool, and how<br>this can be seen in the material culture.<br>Objects connected to textile production<br>from settlement contexts in Denmark are<br>still very sparse, loom weights and spindle<br>whorls are not many to list. Of course, the<br>conservation conditions and the missing<br>knowledge of the material may explain<br>the absence of such finds. However,<br>a<br>re-assessment<br>of the objects from different<br>Early Bronze Age settlements from<br>Museum Sønderjylland actually shows<br>that the textile production seems to have<br>been more common than suggested until<br>now – at least locally.</p> Louise Felding Lilian Matthes Vianna Tastesen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 259 272 Treskibede bulvægshuse og deres vestdanske udbredelse. https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128621 <p>During the Nordic Bronze Age Period II<br>and early Period III, 1500–1200 BC, South<br>Scandinavia experienced an increase in<br>the construction of barrows and longhouses.<br>Their number, dimensions and the<br>resources involved in their construction<br>had a dramatic effect on the landscape.<br>On the sandy plains of western, central<br>and southern Jutland, longhouses were<br>particularly large, robust structures. Their<br>walls were constructed using the bole-wall<br>technique that involved sturdy vertical<br>posts and horisontal planks in between – a<br>building tradition that demanded a large<br>quantity of oak timber. On the young moraine<br>landscapes of eastern Jutland and<br>the Danish Isles, houses were built using<br>a more ephemeral wall construction tradition,<br>that often leaves little or no archaeological<br>traces. But what did this regional<br>variation reflect? Why are the large timber-<br>consuming longhouses common in the<br>old glacial landscapes of western Denmark,<br>while they are missing in the central and<br>eastern parts of South Scandinavia? This<br>can hardly be explained simply as a result<br>of resource availability. Pollen analyses<br>from barrows, bogs and lakes in the western<br>parts of Jutland have clearly shown<br>evidence for a more open grass and heath<br>landscape, whereas the heavy moraine<br>soils of eastern Jutland and the eastern<br>Danish Islands seemed to have been much<br>more forested. One could ask if house construction<br>in the western parts of Denmark<br>was actually dependent on timber resources<br>from central and eastern South Scandinavia.<br>The bole-walled longhouses are<br>particularly characteristic to the southern<br>part of Jutland during the Early Bronze Age<br>and their distribution corresponds to that<br>of the largest Early Bronze Age barrows<br>with their iron pans and rich burials. There<br>seems<br>to be an intentional act of conspicuous<br>consumption in the construction<br>of both monumental longhouses and barrows<br>in the south-western part of Denmark<br>during the Early Bronze Age.</p> Martin Egelund Poulsen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 273 288 Die Europäische Route der Megalithkultur in Schleswig-Holstein - Ergebnisse eines archäologischen Vermittlungsprojektes zwischen denkmalbasierter Forschung und Kulturtourismus https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128622 <p>Megalithic monuments are one of the most<br>important archaeological site categories<br>in Europe. They offer a high potential for<br>regional identification. The monuments<br>in Schleswig-Holstein which form part of<br>the »European Route of Megalithic<br>Culture<br>« (www.megalithicroutes.eu) are unique<br>for the state itself, but can be seen – on a<br>European level – as a connecting factor as<br>well. In 2013 »Megalithic<br>Routes« was officially<br>recognised as a cultural route by the<br>Council of Europe. With the »Steinzeitpark<br>Dithmarschen« there is in 2019 only one<br>member of the international association<br>»Megalithic Routes e. V.« in Schleswig-Holstein<br>which deals with the protection, the<br>educational use, and communication of<br>megaliths. In this context and in the frame<br>of the »European Year of Culture 2018« under<br>the SHARING HERITAGE mission, the<br>State Archaeology Department of Schleswig-<br>Holstein (Archäologisches Landesamt<br>Schleswig-Holstein, Schleswig) and the<br>Steinzeitpark Dithmarschen, Albersdorf,<br>took the opportunity to initiate a joint project<br>for the valuation of European Routes of<br>Megalithic Culture and its archaeological<br>legacy in Schleswig-Holstein. An exchange<br>of ideas, networks and participation in<br>the regional and international contexts of<br>citizens and experts are the pillars of this<br>project. The results of this project, which<br>ended with an international conference in<br>december 2019 and a publication about reception<br>history of the megaliths, are presented<br>in short form in this paper.</p> Rüdiger Kelm Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 289 301 Tidsrummet for Hamborgkulturens bosættelse ved Jelssøerne kommenteret gennem forsøg på flintsammensætning https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128623 <p>As the Weichselian glaciation came to<br>an end, the Fennoscandian ice sheet retreated<br>and left behind young moraine<br>landscapes, today referred to as southern<br>Scandinavia. During this so-called Last<br>Glacial-Interglacial Transition humans<br>began to colonise the recently de-glaciated<br>area with the earliest colonisation<br>attempt taking place during the Bølling/<br>Meiendorf chronozone (G I-1e). These<br>pioneer settlers of the region brought<br>with them a lithic repertoire of the<br>Hamburgian Havelte tradition and are<br>in Denmark known from sites separated<br>into two somewhat delineated occupation<br>areas, one of which is in southern<br>Jutland at the Jels Lakes. The sites within<br>this settlement pocket are similar in<br>several<br>aspects, and interpretations of<br>these sites making out one concurrent<br>occupation have previously been proposed,<br>yet rarely followed up upon. In<br>this paper the question of contemporaneity<br>between the two sites is revisited.<br>With relevance to the rhythms of settlement<br>or, indeed, of contemporaneity,<br>within the Hamburgian micro-region<br>at Jels, first attempts at refitting lithic<br>material from these sites have been conducted.<br>Impressions are here presented<br>and future perspectives assessed.</p> Jesper Borre Pedersen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 303 317 Lufotoarkæologi i Slesvig https://tidsskrift.dk/arkaeologi_i_Slesvig/article/view/128624 <p>In 2018, the aerial archaeological project<br>Fortiden set fra Himlen ended. It marks<br>the culmination of thirteen years of active<br>aerial reconnaissance in the region of Slesvig.<br>A brief history of the aerial archaeological<br>actors and activities in Slesvig is presented.<br>Many important sites have been<br>detected, especially by St. Joseph and Stig<br>Jensen. Their work has resulted in important<br>excavations in e. g. Dankirke, Vilslev,<br>and Råhede. In 2005, there was a renewed<br>interest in the aerial archaeology in Slesvig<br>and the author initiated two projects:<br>one focused on investigating the Iron Age<br>defensive earthworks of Olgerdiget and<br>Æ Vold, and the other project focused<br>on finding settlement sites dating to the<br>Viking Age. In 2009, these projects were<br>followed by Fortiden set fra Himlen, which<br>carried out surveying in Slesvig and the<br>North Frisian islands in particular. Altogether,<br>130 sites were detected in Slesvig<br>between 2005 and 2018. Roughly half<br>of them can be dated to a specific period<br>ranging from early Iron Age to historic<br>times. The highest intensity of finds was<br>made on the island of Föhr with no less<br>than 156 hectares of cropmarks. It is hard<br>to predict when aerial reconnaissance will<br>be resumed in Slesvig. Nonetheless, new<br>tools such as LiDAR scans, orthophotos,<br>and drones ensure that aerial archaeology<br>will keep playing a role in the future.</p> Esben Schlosser Mauritsen Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-16 2021-09-16 2020 18 319 331